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Architects and builders

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Transcript

  • 1. Architects and Builders
  • 2. Design Teams
      • An architects designs buildings to serve certain purposes which may involve the needs for residential design, business offices, medical facilities, and factories.
      • Each architect decides how involved to be with each project – from just creating the design to being onsite during construction.
      • Each building project takes a team effort to complete.
  • 3. Team Members
      • Architects
      • Landscape architects
      • Architectural drafters
      • Engineers
      • Other specialists
      • Contractors
      • Trade specialists
      • Interior designers
  • 4. Architects
      • An architect must have the combined talents of an artist, engineer, builder, planner, and manager.
      • Architects typically use a computer-aided drafting (CAD) software to complete designs. This enables the architects to make very fast drawings for the clients to review while they are reviewing the overall design.
      • Client conferences help the architects get a full picture of how the building will be used and what the client expects.
  • 5. Landscape Architects
      • The external environment of a building site is the interest of a landscape architect. These specialists deal with all outside areas around a building. The plan plantings, roads, parking areas, and uses of the land.
  • 6. Architectural Drafters
      • Drafters prepare the drawing and plans that communicate the basic design of the architect.
      • An experienced architectural drafter often assists with the actual design of a structure or works in tandem with an architect on a building project.
  • 7. Engineers
      • Civil – design roads, bridges, and water and utility systems
      • Air conditioning engineers – design heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems
      • Acoustical engineers – design equipment and systems to control sounds withi a structure
      • Mechanical engineers – design a variety of ducts to carry air, plumbing, and other support systems
      • Structural engineers use calculations to insure the structure’s components with be safe
  • 8. Other Specialists
      • Estimators examine architectural drawings to determine construction costs.
      • Specification writers add important details to architectural plans.
      • Surveyors prepare the survey plans and plot plans for the building site.
  • 9. Contractors
      • Contractors oversee actual construction.
      • They handle all the materials and provide all the services needed to complete construction.
      • Subcontractors usually handle once type of works such as carpentry, plumbing, heating, ventilating, air conditioning, masonry, electrical or landscaping.
  • 10. Trade Specialists
      • Carpenters complete wood frames for buildings as well as finish carpentry – paneling, cabinets, and trim.
      • Masons work with cement, stone, and ceramic materials.
      • Electricians install electrical outlets and lighting fixtures.
      • HVAC specialists work on heating, ventiliating, and air conditioning.
  • 11. More Trade Specialists
      • Painters
      • Wallpaper hangers
      • Landscapers
      • Drawall specialists
      • Roofers
  • 12. Interior Designers
      • Interior designers select colors furnishings surface covers lighting systems and decorations for the inside of a house.
      • Usually hired by the owners or occupants of a residence, the job of the interior designer is to turn a building into a livable space.