Types of counseling


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Types of counseling

  1. 1. Types of Counseling
  2. 2.  Directive Counseling – this type of counseling is mostly counselor-centered because it allows the counselor to give the counselee information about the latter, his/her opportunities, and his/her problems. Five steps in performing the Directive Counseling • Clinical analysis – collecting, summarizing, and organizing data. • Diagnosis – formulating hypothesis as to the cause or causes of the problem. • Prognosis – predicting the development of the problem. • Counseling – the heart of the process wherein the counselor and the counselee talk and discuss the problem, and, by means of leading questions, enables the counselee to develop insight. • Follow-up – helping the pupils with recurring or new problems.
  3. 3.  Nondirective Counseling - this type of counseling is regarded as client-centered because the responsibility is given to the clients for exploring their own problem. Emphasis is given to the individual, not the problem.  Eclectic Counseling – a combination of the good features of the directive and non-directive counseling. This type of counseling emphasizes that the responsibility of planning and carrying out the counseling process is dependent on the counselor while the development of insight and decision making rests on the counselee.
  4. 4. Elements of Counseling  The counselor • a person who is professionally capable to extend help.  The counselee • the person who seeks help and lets himself/herself be subjective for counseling.  The counseling environment • a place to facilitate counseling.
  5. 5. Essentials of Counseling Process  The relationship – the relationship of the counselor and the counselee should be based on mutual trust and respect.  Atmosphere – an atmosphere of the acceptance of the counselee for what she/he is and allowing the purposeful of feelings. The counselor shows willingness to help and has a deep understanding of counselee as an individual.  Facilitation of counselee’s effort – the counselee is encouraged to talk about his/her problem without fear.  Attention to life’s adjustments – the counselor skillfully leads the counselee to choose from several alternatives to find ways to solve problems and adjust to situations in life.  Follow-up – the counselor knows the counselee would need a continuing assistance until she/he gradually becomes self-directed.
  6. 6. Principles of Counseling  Principle of individualization – this principle requires the counselor to recognize and understand the client’s unique characteristics. Recognition and understanding of their unique characteristics give them the feeling that they treated as individuals. Treating them as individuals help the counselor to deal with them in a very personalized way. Dealing with the client in a personalized way requires that methods appropriate to them be used.
  7. 7. Three things that must be remembered in applying the principle of individualization  Each client is a unique individual.  Each problem she/he presents is a specific one.  Each counseling relationship should be based on the client and the peculiar circumstances which brought about the problems.
  8. 8. The End ...