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ANNEX F:Mechanisms for mobilizing biodiversity                for food and nutrition                           Teresa Bore...
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Approaches for mobilizing BFN                                Participatory                                Gender-sensiti...
Mechanisms & approaches1. Documenting and supporting home gardens2. Strengthening community management of agricultural    ...
Mechanisms & approaches1. Documenting and supporting home gardens2.   Strengthening community management of agricultural  ...
Homegardens –neglected hotspots of biodiversity                     •Fruit                     •Vegetables                ...
A few statsProject – “Enhancing the contribution of home gardens to on-farm management of plant genetic resources and to i...
Home gardens –neglected hotspots of biodiversity        • Also important in urban          and peri-urban areas        • 8...
Efforts to promote traditional home gardens   Documenting local food systems and promoting research    projects focusing ...
Training resources availableAimed at agricultural and community development workers              Improving nutrition throu...
Mechanisms & approaches1. Documenting and supporting home gardens2. Strengthening community management of agricultural    ...
Community management of                     agrobiodiversityCommunity Biodiversity Management (CBM) is acommunity-driven p...
Good practices to enhance and            conserve on-farm diversity• Community actions: biodiversity fairs, diversity kits...
Mechanisms & approaches1. Documenting and supporting home gardens2. Strengthening community management of agricultural    ...
The importance of school gardens                                                          • Providing pupils with         ...
School Gardens ConstraintsSeed availability                      Land availability                     Access to water    ...
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Home-Grown School Feeding (HGSF)   Help alleviate hunger   Exist in almost all high- and middle-income    countries and ...
Mainstreaming nutrition education                into national curricula   Importance of nutritional education as an inte...
Efforts to mobilize BFN   Raise awareness of the contribution of biodiversity for    food and nutrition among all stakeho...
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BFN Project - Mechanisms for mobilizing Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition

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The presentation describes best practices for mobilizing biodiversity to improve food and nutrition

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  • Again I will give only a brief overview of mechanisms that can be useful to successfully mobilize BFN.Since most of Participatory, pro-poor, and gender-sensitive approach to policy making: to address needs of small farmers who represent… (what is written above and majority of them are women (what is written above), equally important are:Education and social marketing strategies to strengthen local food systemsResearch and development programs for enhanced nutritional quality of cropsImproved post-harvest management
  • Promoting home gardens for improved nutrition (Nepal) "Enhancing the Contribution of Home Gardens to on Farm Management of Plant Genetic Resources and to Improve the Livelihoods of Nepalese Farmers”Community empowerment Food and nutrition securityLivelihood and biodiversity conservation
  • Maintenance of Agriculture diversity depends on farming practices driven by: customs, traditions, and livelihood needs (Sthapit et al., 2008)
  • Educational. Offering students the knowledge and skills to maintain a garden for better agricultural productivity and sustainable agricultural practices, Changing the attitudes towards agriculture, Enable children to go to school and reduce the drop-out rate Improve cognitive functions, in class behavior, academic performance and ability to concentrateProvide a vehicle for micro-nutrients supplementsChildren’s psychological well-beingImprove household food securityAlleviate some of the cost of children’s schooling…http://www.unep.org/training/programmes/Instructor%20Version/Part2/Activities/DimensionsofHumanWell-Being/Education/Strategies/SchoolFeedingProgram.pdf Nutritional Fighting micro-nutrient deficiencies by improving food diversity as well as the overall food security among school childrenEconomic Creating a school income which will lower the costs of schooling and school feedingThe School feeding program is universal in Brazil by law part of the country’s system of values and perceived as a national priority (it is mentioned in the National constitution 1998)
  • Unavailability of seeds – which will prevent the school children to repeat at home what they have learned at school
  • Challenges and opportunities are discussed in the concept notes on school gardens and a manual for school gardening – published by FAO
  • Transcript of "BFN Project - Mechanisms for mobilizing Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition "

    1. 1. ANNEX F:Mechanisms for mobilizing biodiversity for food and nutrition Teresa Borelli Programme Specialist 1
    2. 2. 2
    3. 3. Approaches for mobilizing BFN  Participatory  Gender-sensitive  Food-basedWomen produce 60-80% ofthe food consumed locally indeveloping countries 3
    4. 4. Mechanisms & approaches1. Documenting and supporting home gardens2. Strengthening community management of agricultural biodiversity3. Promoting dietary diversity in school children by developing school gardens and linking school meals with small-scale local producers 4
    5. 5. Mechanisms & approaches1. Documenting and supporting home gardens2. Strengthening community management of agricultural biodiversity3. Promoting of dietary diversity in school children by developing school gardens and linking school meals with small-scale local producers 5
    6. 6. Homegardens –neglected hotspots of biodiversity •Fruit •Vegetables •Medicinal plants •Herbs •Spices •Livestock •Poultry •Fisheries •Beekeeping 6
    7. 7. A few statsProject – “Enhancing the contribution of home gardens to on-farm management of plant genetic resources and to improvethe livelihoods of Nepalese farmers”Aim: to explore the role of home gardens in communityempowerment, food security, livelihood and biodiversityconservationAlthough they occupy only 2% of the family’s total land holdingsthey are rich in biodiversity (87 species) and provide 60% ofdietary diversity requirements. (Gautam et al., 2006) 7
    8. 8. Home gardens –neglected hotspots of biodiversity • Also important in urban and peri-urban areas • 800 million people already involved in urban horticulture • Mainly Asia, Africa and Central and South America 8
    9. 9. Efforts to promote traditional home gardens Documenting local food systems and promoting research projects focusing on biodiversity in home gardens Strengthening community management of biodiversity, local markets and seed systems Encourage participation of farmers and indigenous communities in developing policies and programmes Promote knowledge transfer among communities and between communities and research institutions Ensuring accessibility of local communities to land and the genetic resources they develop 9
    10. 10. Training resources availableAimed at agricultural and community development workers Improving nutrition through home gardening A training package for preparing field workers in Southeast Asia (1995)Improving nutrition through homegardening – A training package forpreparing field workers in Africa (2001) 10
    11. 11. Mechanisms & approaches1. Documenting and supporting home gardens2. Strengthening community management of agricultural biodiversity3. Promoting of dietary diversity in school children by developing school gardens and linking school meals with small-scale local producers 11
    12. 12. Community management of agrobiodiversityCommunity Biodiversity Management (CBM) is acommunity-driven participatory approach that empowersfarmers and communities to organize themselves and todevelop strategies and plans that support on-farmmanagement of agricultural biodiversity. (Sthapit et al., 2008)Developing local CBM strategies for the conservation andsustainable use of biodiversity can:• Encourage dietary diversity• Improve access to source of vitamins and minerals 12
    13. 13. Good practices to enhance and conserve on-farm diversity• Community actions: biodiversity fairs, diversity kits• Capacity building of community knowledge centres: community biodiversity registers, seed banks, farmers’ field schools• Participatory plant-breeding (PPB) to improve landraces and make them more marketable 13
    14. 14. Mechanisms & approaches1. Documenting and supporting home gardens2. Strengthening community management of agricultural biodiversity3. Promoting of dietary diversity in school children by developing school gardens and linking school meals with small-scale local producers 14
    15. 15. The importance of school gardens • Providing pupils with knowledge and skills• Lowering the on sustainable cost of agricultural practices schooling and school feeding • Environmental education• Income Economic Educational generation • Changing attitudes towards agriculture • Increasing school attendance Nutritional • Improving food diversity to combat malnutrition • improving food security 15
    16. 16. School Gardens ConstraintsSeed availability Land availability Access to water 16
    17. 17. 17
    18. 18. Home-Grown School Feeding (HGSF) Help alleviate hunger Exist in almost all high- and middle-income countries and majority of low- and lower- middle-income countriesHowever… WFP’s HGSF does not highlight theimportance of dietary diversity and the contributionto biodiversity to food and nutritionOpportunity for linking school feedingprograms to local small-scale farmerscan be developed into a mechanism formobilizing and delivering biodiversityfor food and nutrition 18
    19. 19. Mainstreaming nutrition education into national curricula Importance of nutritional education as an intervention to complement other approaches to mobilizing agricultural diversity 19
    20. 20. Efforts to mobilize BFN Raise awareness of the contribution of biodiversity for food and nutrition among all stakeholders Adapt the approaches mentioned to socio-economic and cultural context being targeted Incorporate the approaches into livelihoods and food security and development programs Provide information, tools, resources needed for their implementation Promote the sustainable production of local and indigenous foods and their cultural, ecological and nutritional values 20
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