Globalisasi 1


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Globalisasi 1

  1. 1. World Wide Global Market (W2GM) Globalisaasi dan Proses Ekonomi DKS. Nugraha,SP,Msi,MBA-GSC Pasca Sarjana Universitas Indonesia
  2. 2. What Is Market?1. The opportunity to sale the service and goods ?2. Who is The Actor Of Global Market?3. What Kind Of The Rule ?4. What is The opportunities in?5. How To Makes The Trade?6. How to be The Winner on the Global Market Competitions?
  3. 3. 1. Market In Definitions A market is any one of a variety of systems, institutions, procedures, social relations and infrastructures whereby parties engage in exchange. While parties may exchange goods and services by barter, most markets rely on sellers offering their goods or services (including labor) in exchange for money from buyers. It can be said that a market is the process in which the prices of goods and services are established.
  4. 4. Other references In mainstream economics, the concept of a market is any structure that allows buyers and sellers to exchange any type of goods, services and information. The exchange of goods or services for money is a transaction. Market participants consist of all the buyers and sellers of a good who influence its price
  5. 5. 2. The Actor of GlobalMarket1. State2. Corporations3. International Financing , ADB, WB, IMF, G-204. NGO; INDEF,
  6. 6. 3. The markets Rule1. Free Competitions2. Anti Dumping3. Humble regulations4. Taxations5. Free Trade Area6. Negotiations and mediation
  7. 7. The markets Rule In economics, a market that runs under laissez-faire policies is a free market. It is "free" in the sense that the government makes no attempt to intervene through taxes, subsidies, minimum wages, price ceilings, etc. Market prices may be distorted by a seller or sellers with monopoly power, or a buyer with monopsony power. Such price distortions can have an adverse effect on market participants welfare and reduce the efficiency of market outcomes. Also, the relative level of organization and negotiating power of buyers and sellers markedly affects the functioning of the market. Markets where price negotiations meet equilibrium though still do not arrive at desired outcomes for both sides are said to experience market failure.
  8. 8. How The Market Works Markets are a system, and systems have structure. System works fine when the structure of a system is in good condition. Structure of a (utopistically) well-functioning markets is defined in theory of perfect competition. Well-functioning markets of a real world are never perfect, but basic structural characteristics can be approximated for real world markets, for example1. many small buyers and sellers2. buyers and sellers have equal access to information3. products are comparable
  9. 9. Free Competitions For a market to be competitive, there must be more than a single buyer or seller. Typical of market These are the extremes of imperfect competition.;1. monopoly is a market with single seller and multiple buyers.2. Monopsoni is a market with a single buyer and multiple sellers Breaking the barrier, regulations, un fair state policy, system (taxations) and immigrations Sate as like regulator as well
  10. 10. Dumping is any kind of predatory pricing, especially in the context of international trade. It occurs when manufacturers export a product to another country at a price either below the price charged in its home market, or in quantities that cannot be explained through normal market competition. 2009 meningkat menjadi 19 tuduhan dari 16 tuduhan pada tahun sebelumnya. penuduh dumping juga tidak ada perubahan yang berarti dari tahun lalu yakni China, India,Turki, Pakistan, Vietnam dan Amerika. produk tekstil, kertas, bahan kimia, ban,dan gelas.
  11. 11. 4. WWG MarketOpportunities1. The Number of citizen2. The number of GDP and GNP3. Needs level4. Wants Market5. Crisis, social disaster , war and natural disaster
  12. 12. 5. How to Makes TheTrade?1. Manual Trade2. Financial and Stock Market3. Market commodity4. Services5. Tour and Traveling Tourism
  13. 13. ICT Media and Cyber SocialNetworking B to B, services, goods, financial, technology transfer . Ex. to B to C; services, goods, financial, www.mecadolibre, www.amazone to person C to C, goods, services, services is the transactions among person to person on cyber social networking, auction a Bay C to B; soft skill services, ex. Computer programs, consultant services , informations data base etc. the person has to sol something to the Broad.
  14. 14. WWG Market Competitions Strategic management analysis PETS The 5-Forces SWOT Regulations Reform Institutional Empowering Economic consolidations
  15. 15. Strategic to entrance Green Filed (GF) Joint Venture (JV) Joint Product (JP) Joint Market (JM) Technical Assessment (TA) Acquisition (AQ) Merger (MG)
  16. 16. References1. Bakker, Karen (2005) “Neoliberalizing Nature?: Market Environmentalism in water supply in England and Wales” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 95 (3), 542-5652. Harvey, David (2005) A Short History of Neoliberalism Oxford University Press.3. Peck, J. (2005) “Economic Geographies in Space” Economic Geography 81(2) 129-1754. Gibson-Graham, J.K. (2006) Postcapitalist Politics. University of Minnesota Press,.5. Marshall, A. (1961). Principles of Economics. C. W. Guillebaud, Ed. 2 Vol. London: Macmillan.
  17. 17. Hatur Nuhun