212 APPENDIX E: QUESTIONNAIRE (QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS)A. Personal, Educational, and Linguistic Background1. Gender: female male2. Name: _____________________________________________3. Date of Birth: _____________________________________________4. Hometown (in Germany): _____________________________________________5. Citizenship: German American Other: _________6. Highest level of education completed in… GERMANY: UNITED STATES: Abitur High school diploma (or equivalent) Zwischenprüfung (Universität) Bachelor’s Degree Magister, Diplom, Staatsexamen Master’s Degree Promotion Doctorate __________________________ __________________________7. How many years have you been living in the United States? ______8. How old were you when you arrived in the US: ______9. Have you lived in other countries besides the U.S. and Germany for an extended period of time, i.e., longer than 3 months? If yes, please list the countries and the amount of time you lived there. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________10. Please check the description that fits best your proficiency level in English. (A1) I can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. I can introduce myself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where I live, people I know and things I have. I can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help. (A2) I can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g., very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). I can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. I can describe in simple terms aspects of my background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need. (B1) I can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. I can deal with most situations
213 likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. I can produce simple connected text on topics, which are familiar, or of personal interest. I can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. (B2) I can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in my field of specialization. I can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. I can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options. (C1) I can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognize implicit meaning. I can express myself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. I can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. I can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organizational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices. (C2) I can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. I can summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. I can express myself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.11. Besides German and English, do you speak any other language(s)? yes no If yes, please specify which language(s) and provide your proficiency level by choosing on of the categories above (A1-C2): ________________________________________________________________________B.1 Professional Information (for language instructors ONLY)1. What is your academic position? German Instructor (K-12) Teaching Assistant/Associate/Fellow Lecturer Adjunct Faculty Professor _____________________2. How many years have you been teaching German? ______3. Please check all levels of German courses you have taught in German and, if applicable, indicate whether the courses were at the undergraduate or graduate level. Basic Language Classes (= first – fourth semester) Phonetics/Translation/Business German undergraduate graduate Literature/Culture/Film undergraduate graduate
214 Linguistics/Applied Linguistics undergraduate graduate Other: ___________________________________________________________4. When teaching these classes,… a) I speak German _______ % of the class time. b) my students speak German _______ % of the class time.B.2 Professional Information (for non-language instructors ONLY)1. Please provide brief description of current and past employments: ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________2. Please explain which languages you use(d) at work. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________C. Overall Language Use1. By assigning a percentage, please estimate how much German and English (and other languages) you generally speak each day. a) at home: German: ____ % English: ____ % ____________: ____ % b) at work: German: ____ % English: ____ % ____________: ____ % c) in my spare time: German: ____ % English: ____ % ____________: ____ %D. Language Preference and Dominance undecided German English1. Generally, when speaking to other bilingual German-English speakers, which language do you prefer to express yourself in personal matters (i.e., talking to friends, about feelings and emotions, when you’re angry, etc.)?2. In general, when speaking to other bilingual German-English speakers, which language do you prefer to express yourself in impersonal matters (i.e., discussing work-related issues, etc.)?3. Generally, which language do speak with greater confidence?4. Which language do you consider to be your dominant language?
215E. L1 (= German) Use and InputPlease indicate how often you do the following actions/tasks by checking the appropriate box. several times a week less than monthly very seldom monthly weekly never daily1. I communicate in German with German family members/friends who live in Germany. a) over the phone or Skype. b) via instant messenger. c) via email/letters.2. I communicate in German with German family members, friends, co-workers, etc. who live in the U.S. a) in person b) over the phone or Skype. c) via instant messenger. d) via email/letters.3. I communicate in German with non-native German speakers (family members, friends, co-workers, etc.). a) in person b) over the phone or Skype. c) via instant messenger. d) via email/letters.4. I watch German language TV (via satellite, internet).5. I watch German language movies (DVD, at the theater).6. I listen to German language radio (on the internet).7. I listen to music with German lyrics.8. I read German language newspapers (in print or online).9. I read German language magazines (in print or online).10. I read books written in German.11. I attend lectures, conference talks, etc. in German.12. I give lectures, conference talks, etc. in German.13. Has there been a change in the extent to which you use German since you moved to the U.S.? Can you indicate when and for what reason this change occurred? (It is possible to check more than one box, e.g., if you think that your use of German first decreased, then increased again.) My German language use has remained the same. My German language use has decreased. When? ___________________________________________________________ Why? ____________________________________________________________
216 My German language use has increased. When? ___________________________________________________________ Why? ____________________________________________________________F. Visits to German-Speaking CountriesPlease answer the following questions by checking the appropriate box.1. How often do you visit Germany and/or other German-speaking countries? Several times a year Once a year Every other year Every few years Hardly ever never2. How much time – on average – do you spend in Germany and/or other German-speaking countries each time you visit? Six weeks or more Five weeks Four weeks Three weeks Two weeks One week or lessG. Attitudes towards the Native Language and CulturePlease indicate how strongly you dis/agree with the following statements by checking theappropriate category (strongly agree, agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, disagree,strongly disagree). somewhat disagree strongly disagree somewhat agree strongly agree disagree agree1. I do not want to lose my native language.2. I want to cultivate my native language at the highest level.3. I put forth an active effort to maintain my native language.4. I think of myself as a member of the German-speaking world.5. I want others to recognize me as being German.6. I call Germany “home.”7. It is important to me to maintain strong ties to Germany.8. It is important to me to have German friends in the U.S.9. I want to return to Germany for good at some point in the future.10. I would never give up my German citizenship.
217H. Linguistic Awareness not sure yes no1. Are you ever aware of using a mixture of German and English?2. Since you moved to the U.S., have you noticed changes in your native German speech (vocabulary, grammar, etc.)?3. Have you noticed that your amount of code-switching depends on the person you are talking to and the topic you are talking about?Please indicate how often you encounter the following linguistic issues when speaking German: sometimes very often always rarely never often1. I translate English expressions directly into German.2. I have trouble finding words.3. I avoid difficult words/structures.4. I speak more slowly than I used to before I moved to the U.S.5. I use English word order.6. My utterances are less complex.7. I find it difficult to choose the appropriate linguistic register.8. There are changes in my non-verbal communication (i.e., personal space, gestures, mimic, touching).9. Situations occur where I want to say something in German but find it easier to express it in English (when speaking to other German-English bilinguals).10. I code-switch between English and German (when speaking to other German-English bilinguals).
218I. L2 (= English) Use and InputPlease indicate how often you do the following actions and tasks by checking the appropriatecategory. several times a week less than monthly very seldom monthly weekly never daily1. I communicate in English with family members, friends, co- workers, etc.… a) in person b) over the phone or Skype. c) via email/letters. d) via instant messenger.2. I watch English language TV.3. I watch English language movies (DVD, at the theater).4. I listen to English language radio.5. I listen to music with English lyrics.6. I read English language newspapers (in print or online).7. I read English language magazines (in print or online).8. I read books written in English.9. I attend lectures, conference talks, etc. in English.10. I give lectures, conference talks, etc. in English.K. Additional CommentsPlease use this space for additional comments regarding this questionnaire in general, specificquestionnaire items, the interview, the film retelling, and the verbal fluency tasks. Please reflecton your thoughts, feelings, worries, etc. regarding your language use and linguistic performanceduring these tasks. Do you remember any instances where you switched from German to English,had trouble finding the right words, etc.?