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Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari
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Curriculum Decision Making in TESL * Dr. A. Asgari

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    • 1. Curriculum Decision Making Dr.Azadeh Asgari Curriculum & Syllabous Design in TESL
    • 2. Curriculum Decision Making
      • Curriculum decisions making is a sociopolitical process that involves almost every one . Actions at the national level, including funding decisions and legislation , influence curriculum even though curriculum matters are supposed to be handled at state and local levels . Curriculum decisions are numerous and often difficult , partly because of their interrelationships. Decisions are further complicated by the numbers of people who participate in making them .
      • The discussions that follow briefly describe the :
      • Nature of curriculum decisions making
      • Arenas for curriculum decision making
    • 3. Curriculum Decision Making
    • 4. Curriculum Decision Making
    • 5. 1950 – 1970 N.S.F used federal dollars for research on maths, science and technology curriculum project . Federal funding pushed evaluation and brought significant changes in program evaluation . 1975 The E.A.H.C.A changed school curricula by requiring Reevaluating and changing public school curricula to mainstream handicapped student into regular classrooms .
    • 6.  
    • 7.  
    • 8.
      • Three approaches can be conceived for curriculum decision making at local levels:
      • District : District-based curriculum decision making is the norm in many locations where boards of education govern schools. School districts usually use technical approaches to curriculum through an ongoing cycle .
      • School: School-based curriculum decision making can exist under a district board of education , but it flourishes when site-based management of schools in the norm. It may use the technical approach and cycle or stages. It may also follow the nontechnical approach, provided teachers within a school , grade or course level work together in preparing curriculum .
    • 9.
      • Classroom : Classroom-based curriculum decision making may be carried out in schools with site-based management because it is usually developed by individual teachers who was a curriculum especially designed for their students.
      • Local decisions
      • without school-based
      • Curriculum level
      • Local decisions
      • with school-based
      school
    • 10. Overall review and needs asessment Evaluation Development of philosophy , goals and objectives Implementation District-based Curriculum decision making Curriculum Design and writing Piloting District-based cycle
    • 11.
      • School personnel are the people associated with a school or district as employees or students. School staff are nonteaching personnel who along with teachers and community members , can and often do , make important contribution the curriculum processes at the institutional level . Teachers and students are involved with curriculum at instructional and experiential levels.
      • School Staff : School staff includes the nonteaching certificated personnel in district and school .
      • Administrators
      • Resources specialists
      • Counselors, Social workers, Health care providers
    • 12.
      • Teachers and Students : are involved differently in curriculum depending on the approach used. In school or classroom-based approaches these individuals are active producers.
      • Teachers have several expertise that can be valuable in curriculum processes.
      • 1.Contetnt knowledge
      • 2.General pedagogical knowledge
      • 3.Curriculum knowledge
      • 4.Pedagogical content knowledge
      • 5.Knowledge of learners and their characteristics
      • 6.Knowledge of educational contexts
      • 7.Knowledge of educational philosophies
    • 13. Summary Information Concerning Local Curriculum Decision Making Locus of decision Type of governance Personnel Type of curriculum approach District Board of education Administrations(curriculum/subject matter specialists/building), teachers, community members, consultants Technical School Site-based group or board of education Teachers and administrators in a school as needed-consultants Technical or Nontechnical Classroom Site-based group or board of education Individual teachers, as needed - consultants Nontechnical
    • 14.  

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