The Effect of Gender and Marital Status on Burnout of English Teacher * DR. A. Asgari

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The Effect of Gender and Marital Status on Burnout of English Teacher * DR. A. Asgari

  1. 1. THE EFFECT OF GENDER, MARITAL STATUS & BABY SITTER ON BURNOUT OF ENGLISH TEACHER Dr. Azadeh Asgari
  2. 2. <ul><li>Much of the research in the area of burnout can be traced to Herbert Freudenberger, a psychologist practicing in New York during the 1960’s and 70’s, who used the term to describe the effects of overwork, exhaustion and frustration he experienced while operating a free clinic for drug users and indigent persons. </li></ul><ul><li>Freudenberger (1974) defined the problem as one of chronic exhaustion and frustration resulting from continued devotion to a goal or principle that has failed to produce a corresponding reward. The term “burnout” originated during the 1960’s as a description of the effect of drug abuse on an individual. (Golembiewski, 1993) </li></ul>Introduction
  3. 3. Background of the Study <ul><li>Maslach is one of the pioneers in the study of teacher burnout which was as a syndrome of physical and emotional exhaustion involving the development of negative job attitudes, poor professional self-concept, and loss of empathus concern for client (Maslach & Pines, 1984). </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Exhaustion indicates the feelings of over extension and exhaustion caused by daily work pressures, and conflicts with the colleagues. </li></ul><ul><li>Depersonalization refers to the developments of negative attitude and impersonal responses towards the people with whom one works. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Accomplishment means the sense of personal achievement, accompanied by self-esteem. It is inversely related with burnout. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>General Objective : </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose and general objective of this study is to examine the effects of gender, marital status and baby sitter on levels of burnouts among English teacher in Saudi Arabia. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To Identify the differences between gender and level of burnout on English teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>To determine the differences between marital status and level of burnout on English teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the differences between baby sitter and level of burnout on English teacher. </li></ul>Research Objectives
  5. 5. <ul><li>The population for this descriptive study was English teachers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Using Cochran’s formula, a proportional sample of 50 English instructors was selected (Cochran, 1977). A sample of the study was 50 Riyadh English teachers who employed at the primary, secondary school level or tertiary and in was contacted via e-mail with an invitation to participate anonymously in a single survey into beginning teacher wellbeing. </li></ul>Population & Sample
  6. 6. <ul><li>Burnout in respondents was measured on one occasion using the Educator Survey version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach, Jackson, & Leiter, 1996). The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is the predominant instrument used to assess burnout in teachers and educational administrators (Maslach, Jackson & Schwab, 1986). </li></ul>The MBI consists of 22 item self-report instrument that describing the feelings an individual might have as a result of being over-stressed or burned out; this instrument consisting of three subscales: Emotional Exhaustion (EE with nine items), Depersonalization (DP with five items), and Personal Accomplishment (PA with eight items).   Research Instrument
  7. 7. <ul><li>The data collected were coded and entered into the Statistical Package for the Social Science [SPSS version 16 for Windows Vista], a statistics computer program which was used to process and analyze the data. </li></ul><ul><li>In the current study, both types of statistics, the descriptive and inferential, were conducted through organizing, summarizing and interpreting them. </li></ul><ul><li>For this study, a five percent (0.05) level is determined as the accepted level of significance for statistical analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Data Analysis
  8. 8. <ul><li>Demographics Characteristics of the Respondents </li></ul><ul><li>In the present study, there are the 50 English teacher at difference levels. All participated are Saudi Arabia people who work at the schools and college in Riyadh. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Findings of the Study
  9. 9. Finding s of Study <ul><li>The results of the gender and levels of the burnout indicated that there is a significant effects for two groups of gender across three dimension levels of burnout (F =14.438, p< .05) (F =10.463, p< .05) (F =8.204, p< .05). </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, the same analytic tool is conducted on marital status and level of burnout. The results showed that there is no main effect of the married or single teacher’ performance and levels of burnout (F =.058, p> .05) (F =.646, p> .05) (F =.768, p> .05). </li></ul>Based on the above results, it is noticed that there is no significant difference between married teachers who have a babysitter or don’t have on emotional exhaustion level, depersonalization and personal accomplishment levels.
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>Male and female teachers represent the level of burnout and that perhaps because they have other responsibilities towards their families (children, husband and housework). In addition, perhaps because they care too much about their students and want everything perfect which stress them too much. The findings indicated that there is no a significant difference between male and female and these findings is supported by Al-Qaryooti& al-khadeeb study in 2006. who also reported that there is no a significant difference between two genders and rate of burnout. Similarity, this paper is correlated to Croon(2007) research. Croon stated that gender doesn’t effect on the level of burnout among teacher. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>The present study also showed that there is no significant difference between married and single teachers, and also there is no significant difference between married teacher who have a babysitter or not. </li></ul><ul><li>For further studies, it can be recommended to conduct training programs to see its effects on the level of burnout among teachers with different years of teaching experience or job satisfaction. Moreover, it is suggested that the burnout research can be carried out by a large sampling size including teachers who teach in other subjects or live in other cities, countries. have children with and without babysitter to see whether this factor affects the results or not. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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