Dreams

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Dreams

  1. 1. Dreams Science and Religious BY: TO:AYTEKIN ALIYEVA STANISLAV ZAGORODNYEV QAFQAZ UNIVERSITY SPRING, 2009
  2. 2. A. Introduction 1. Why do we dream? 2. Sources which can give informationB. Evans Organization and Islam 1. Dreaming process 2. Scientific meaning of dream 3. Types of dreams in Islam 4. Religious reason of dream 5. Which dreams are the most truthful?C. Conclusion 1. Who could dream good things only? - 2-
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION "Those of you with the truest dreams will be those who are most truthful in speech". Prophet Muhammad(S) Questions related to dreams have fascinated philosophers for thousands ofyears. Why do we dream? While many theories have been proposed, not singleconsensus has emerged. Considering the enormous amount of time we spend in adreaming state(during a typical lifespan, a human spends a total of about six yearsdreaming which is about two hours each night.), the fact that researchers do not yetunderstand the purpose of dreams may seem baffling. However, it is important toconsider that science is still unraveling the exact purpose and function of sleep itself.We can only get information by means of different theories and "Evans Organization"is the most interesting.Evans Organization According to Evans, every time we go to sleep our brain disengages from theexternal world and uses this time to sort through and organize all the information thatwas taken in during the day. Sleep, especially during REM sleep, is when the brainbecomes isolated for the sensory and motor neural pathways. During this time ourdata banks and program files are opened and begin analyze what happened duringthe day. While we dream the brain comes back on-line for a short period of time andthe conscious mind is allowed to observe a small sample of the programs that arebeing run. The brain attempts to interpret this information in the same way it wouldduring the wakeful state, what is created from these samples of information is adream. In a nutshell, dreams are nothing more than a minute amount of theinformation that is being scanned and sorted during REM sleep. -3-
  4. 4. DREAMS IN ISLAM There are 3 kind of dreams in Islam :1.Rahmaani (those that come from Allah) 2.Nafsaani (those that come from what aperson thinks about when he is awake, and he sees it when he is asleep)3. Shaytaani(a dream which causes distress, those that come from the Shaytaan). For Quran andHadith we can have several types of dream. One is the dream or the vision of the Prophets. These dreams are always true,as these are revelations from God to His Messengers (may Allah be pleased withthem) the dreams of the Prophets are wahy (revelation) for they are protected fromthe Shaytaan. So far as the dreams of the ordinary persons are concerned, these can bedivided into two kinds. One is the vision seen by the noble and pious men in a state of mind when evenin sleep the lower elements in the soul are dominated by the noble elements in man.Thus their dreams represent a truth. These cannot be called authentic prophecies because no other human being,besides the Prophets, can have complete control over his lower elements in the stateof sleep and thus remain absolutely free from its effects. The second type of dream which has been called HULM in the Quran and theSunnah is in fact the expression of one’s suppressed carnal desires. This is what hasbeen termed in the Hadith as a vision emanating from the devil. The most truthful of dreams are those that are seen at the time of suhoor (justbefore dawn), for this is the time when Allah descends and when mercy andforgiveness are close. It is also the time when the devils are quiet, unlike the time ofdarkness just after sunset, when the devils and devilish souls spread out. Whoever wants to have true dreams should strive to speak honestly, eat halaalfood, adhere to the commandments of shariah, avoid that which Allah and HisMessenger have forbidden, sleep in a state of complete purity facing the Qiblah, andremember Allah until he feels his eyelids drooping. If he does all this, then his dreamscan hardly be untrue. -4-
  5. 5. REFERENCES 1. http://psychology.about.com/od/statesofconsciousness/p/dream-theories.htm 2. http://www.deenislam.co.uk/dreams/Dreamsinislam.htm 3. SIGMUND FREUD (1994) The interpretations of dreams, ISBN 067960121X -5-

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