Benjamin franklin's thirteen virtuesPresentation Transcript
Aytekin Aliyeva Benjamin Franklins Thirteen Virtues
Personal• Temperance: Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.• Order: Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.• Resolution: Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.• Frugality: Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing.• Moderation : Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve.• Industry: Lose no time; be always employed in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.• Cleanliness: Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, clothes, or habitation.• Tranquility: Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable.
Social•Silence: Speak not but what maybenefit others or yourself; avoid triflingconversation.•Sincerity: Use no hurtful deceit; thinkinnocently and justly, and, if you speak,speak accordingly.•Justice: Wrong none by doing injuries,or omitting the benefits that are your duty.•Chastity: Rarely use venery but forhealth or offspring, never to dullness,weakness, or the injury of your own oranothers peace or reputation.•Humility: Imitate Jesus and Socrates.
Fourteen virtues by Marcus Aurelius• Auctoritas - "Spiritual Authority" - The sense of ones social standing, built up through experience, Pietas, and Industria.• Comitas - "Humour" - Ease of manner, courtesy, openness, and friendliness.• Clementia - "Mercy" - Mildness and gentleness.• Dignitas - "Dignity" - A sense of self-worth, personal pride.• Firmitas - "Tenacity" - Strength of mind, the ability to stick to ones purpose.• Frugalitas - "Frugalness" - Economy and simplicity of style, without being miserly.
•Gravitas - "Gravity" - A sense of theimportance of the matter at hand,responsibility and earnestness.•Honestas - "Respectability" - Theimage that one presents as arespectable member of society.•Humanitas - "Humanity" -Refinement, civilization, learning,and being cultured.•Industria - "Industriousness" - Hardwork.•Pietas - "Dutifulness" - More thanreligious piety; a respect for thenatural order socially, politically, andreligiously. Includes the ideas ofpatriotism and devotion to others.
• Prudentia - "Prudence" - Foresight, wisdom, and personal discretion.• Salubritas - "Wholesomeness" - Health and cleanliness.• Severitas - "Sternness" - Gravity, self- control.• Veritas - "Truthfulness" - Honesty in dealing with others.
SimilaritiesFrugalitas - "Frugalness" - Economy and simplicity ofstyle, without being miserly. (M.Aurelius)Frugality: Make no expense but to do good to others oryourself; i.e., waste nothing. (B.Franklin)Industria - "Industriousness" - Hard work.(M.Aurelius) Industry: Lose no time; be always employed in somethinguseful; cut off all unnecessary actions. (B.Franklin)Salubritas - "Wholesomeness" – Health and cleanliness.(M.Aurelius)Cleanliness: Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, clothes, orhabitation.(B.Franklin)
SimilaritiesSeveritas - "Sternness" - Gravity,self-control. (M.Aurelius)."Temperance. Eat not to dullness;drink not to elevation.“(B.Franklin)"Sincerity. Use no hurtful deceit;think innocently and justly, and, ifyou speak, speak accordingly.“(B.Franklin)If you can see sharp then look andjudge wisely. (M.Aurelius)
Similarities Finish each day and be done with it. You have done what you could. (R. Emerson) Everything is only for a day, both that which remembers and that which is remembered. (M. Aurelius) Let no a man guard his dignity, but let his dignity guard him. (R. Emerson) Dignitas - "Dignity" - A sense of self-worth, personal pride. Trust men and they will be true to you; treat them greatly, and they will show themselves great.(r.Emerson) Veritas - "Truthfulness" - Honesty in dealing with others. (M. Aurelius)