Engineering ethics aylin sahin2
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Engineering ethics aylin sahin2

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I tried to figure out the basics about Engineering Ethics by summarizing different raports

I tried to figure out the basics about Engineering Ethics by summarizing different raports

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Engineering ethics aylin sahin2 Engineering ethics aylin sahin2 Presentation Transcript

  • Aylin Şahin 03/2013Marmara University Engineering Faculty 1
  • Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch ofphilosophy that involves systematizing, defending, andrecommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. 2
  •  The creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works utilizing them singly or in combination; or to construct or operate the same with full cognizance of their design; or to forecast their behavior under specific operating conditions; all as respects an intended function, economics of operation or safety to life and property 3 View slide
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  • http://youtu.be/t19kvUiHvAE 7
  • Born Klaus Emil Julius Fuchs 29 December 1911 Rüsselsheim, GermanyDied 28 January 1988 (aged 76) Dresden, East GermanyResidence Germany United Kingdom United States of America East GermanyNationality German BritishFields Theoretical physicsInstitutions Los Alamos NationalLaboratoryHarwell Atomic Energy ResearchEstablishmentInstitute for Nuclear Research inRossendorf 8
  •  Is it ethical to start up a weapon improvement project to stop Germany’s rise? Thousands of people worked in the Manhattan Project without knowing the real goal of the project. Ethic? With spying of Mr. Fuchs time changed. Ethic?Decisions made by engineers usually have seriousconsequences to people -- often to multitudes of people.Ethics and ethical reasoning guide decision-making. 9
  • Study by Swiss Federal Institute of Technology-Zurich 800 cases of structural failure, 504 killed, 592injured, millions of dollars in damage incurred. 10
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  •  Study of human morality Determining values in human conduct Deciding the “right thing to do” - based upon a set of norms In Engineering:  dealing with colleagues  dealing with clients  dealing with employees  dealing with “users’  dealing with public 12
  •  Safety Acceptable risk Compliance Confidentiality Environmental health Data integrity Conflict of interest Honesty/Dishonesty Societal impact Fairness Accounting for uncertainty, etc. 13
  •  Ethics is part of engineering for two main reasons.a) Engineers need to be socially responsible when building products and processes for society.b) Social responsibility requires professional responsibility. 14
  • 1. Who are the “stakeholders?”2. What are the KEY statements (clues) in the problem?3. What are the legal considerations?4. What are the possible actions to be taken? (generate options)5. Is there a clearly “right” action to be taken? (evaluate options) Dr. C. Dianne Martin 15
  • ETHICAL BEHAVIOR UNETHICAL BEHAVIOR• Quality products • Shoddy products• Conservation of resources • Waste, fraud, greed• Pride in work • Abuse of expertise• Public safety • Guilt, fear• Timeliness • Lack of safety• GOOD BUSINESS • Cutting corners • poor design • rushed testing • DISASTERS! Dr. C. Dianne Martin 16
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  • http://www.nspe.org/Ethics/CodeofEthics/index.htmlCurrent Codes of Ethics National Society of Professional Engineers: Code of ethics for engineers. The Engineering Code of Ethics: Principles and canons of engineer code of ethics. Software Engineering Code of Ethics: A brief copy of software engineering code of ethics. Online Ethics Center: Ethical standard and guidelines for engineering. Code of Ethics: Code of ethics for chemical engineers. Civil Engineering: Code of ethics for civil engineering. Naval Engineers: Code of ethics for Naval engineers by the American Society of Naval Engineers. Mechanical Engineers: Code of ethics geared towards all engineers. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers provides interpretation of the codes for mechanical engineers. Electrical Engineers: Code of ethics applicable to engineers of all disciplines. Chemical Engineers: Code of ethics for chemical engineers. Professional Engineers: Code for registered professional engineers. Shttp://engineeringmastersonline.ohio. edu/articles-and-resources/ultimate- guide-to-engineering-ethics/ 18
  • The Engineering Code of Ethics has three components: The Fundamental Canons: which articulate the basic components of ethical engineering. The Rules of Practice: which clarify and specify in detail the fundamental canons of ethics in engineering. Professional Obligations: which elaborate the obligations that engineers have. 19
  • Engineers in the fulfillment of theirprofessional duties shall: Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public. 20
  •  Engineers in the fulfillment of their professional duties shall:Perform services only in areas of their competence. 21
  •  Engineers in the fulfillment of their professional duties shall: Issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner. 22
  •  Engineers in the fulfillment of their professional duties shall: Act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees. 23
  •  Engineers in the fulfillment of their professional duties shall: Avoid deceptive acts. 24
  •  Engineers in the fulfillment of their professional duties shall: Conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically, an d lawfully, so as to enhance the honor, reputation, and usefulness of the profession. 25
  •  1. Boston Molasses Disaster The Boston Molasses Disaster, also known as the Great Molasses Flood and the Great Boston Molasses Tragedy, occurred on January 15, 1919, in the North End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts in the United States. A large molasses storage tank burst, and a wave of molasses rushed through the streets at an estimated 35 mph (56 km/h), killing 21 and injuring 150. 26
  •  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COZ- GKfwQX8 KEY DATES 1974 - Morton-Thiokol awarded contract to build solid rocket boosters. 1976 - NASA accepts Morton-Thiokols booster design. 1977 - Morton-Thiokol discovers joint rotation problem. November 1981 - O-ring erosion discovered after second shuttle flight. January 24, 1985 - shuttle flight that exhibited the worst O-ring blow-by. July 1985 - Thiokol orders new steel billets for new field joint design. August 19, 1985 - NASA LevelI management briefed on booster problem. January 27, 1986 - night teleconference to discuss effects of cold temperature on booster performance. January 28, 1986 - Challenger explodes 72 seconds after liftoff.Engineering Ethics Case Study: The Challenger Disaster Mark P. Rossow, P.E., Ph.D. 27
  • 1. Ethical issue: Did NASA take extra risks because ofpressure to maintain Congressional funding?2. Ethical issue: Did Thiokol take extra risks because offear of losing its contract with NASA?3. Ethical issue: Was the Principle of Informed Consentviolated?4. Ethical issue: What role did whistle blowing have inthe Challenger story?5. Ethical issue: Who had the right to Thiokoldocuments relating to the Challenger disaster?6. Ethical issue: Why are some engineering disastersconsidered ethical issues and others are not? Engineering Ethics Case Study: The Challenger Disaster Mark P. Rossow, P.E., Ph.D. 28
  •  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethics http://www.yourdictionary.com/library/reference/defin e-ethics.html Engineers Council for Professional Development. (1947). Canons of ethics for engineers http://iweb.tms.org/Communities/FTAttachments/materi al_disasters_Nik_Chawla.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Molasses_Disaster http://engineeringmastersonline.ohio.edu/articles-and- resources/ultimate-guide-to-engineering-ethics/ Engineering Ethics Case Study: The Challenger Disaster Mark P. Rossow, P.E., Ph.D. 29