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How to apply industrial safety standard in myanmar 241212
HOW TO APPLYINTERNATIONAL SAFETY STANDARDIN MYANMARU Thant Zaw Aung24 December 2012
• Introduction1• What is OccupationalSafety and Health (OSH)?2• General Approach to OSH3Today’s Overview
• OSH Framework andStandards in the World4• OSH Framework andStandards in the Region5• Current OSH Frameworkin Myanmar6Today’s Overview
• Preparation OSHFramework in Myanmar7• Roles of Stakeholders inMyanmar OSH Framework8• Short Term / Long Term Planfor Effective Implementation9Today’s Overview
Name : U Thant Zaw AungEducation : B.E (Civil)Occupation : Workplace Safety & Health Manager(Shanghai Tunnel Engineering Co.Ltd, Singapore)Qualification : MOM Approved WSH Trainer: MOM Approved WSH Auditor: Environmental Control Officer: Fire Safety ManagerContact No : (65) 9488 7612Email : firstname.lastname@example.orgIntroduction1
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH)is a cross-disciplinary area concerned withprotecting the Safety, Health and Welfare ofpeople engaged in work or employment.What is OccupationalSafety and Health (OSH)?2
The goals of occupational safety and health programsinclude to foster a safe and healthy work environment.OSH may also protect co-workers, family members,employers, customers, and many others who might beaffected by the workplace environment.Occupational safety and health can be important forMoral, Legal, and Financial reasons.General Approach to OSH3
All organisations have a duty of care to ensure thatemployees and any other person who may be affectedby the companies undertaking remain safe at all times.Moral obligations1 would involve the protection ofemployees lives and health.Legal reasons2 for OSH practices relate to thepreventative, punitive and compensatory effects of lawsthat protect workers safety and health.Financially3, OSH can also reduce employee injury andillness related costs, including medical care, sick leaveand disability benefit costs.General Approach to OSH3
Because different countries take different approaches toensuring Occupational Safety Health , areas of OSH needand focus also vary between countries and regions.Similar to the findings of a survey conducted in Australia,the Institute of Occupational Medicine found that in theUK, there is a need to put a greater emphasis on work-related illness.In contrast, in Australia and the USA a majorresponsibility of the OSH professional is to keepcompany directors and managers aware of the issuesregards to OSH principles and legislation.General Approach to OSH3
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4In 2001, the International Labour Organization (ILO)published ILO-OSH 2001 - "Guidelines a onOccupational Safety and Health Management Systems"to assist organizations with introducing OSHmanagement systems.These guidelines encourage Continual Improvement inEmployee’s Health and Safety, achieved via a constantprocess of policy, organization, planning &implementation, evaluation, and action forimprovement, all supported by constant auditing todetermine the success of OSH actions.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4The ILO Management System was created to assistemployers to keep pace with rapidly shifting andcompetitive industrial environments.The ILO recognizes that National Legislation is essential,but sometimes insufficient on its own to address thechallenges faced by industry, and therefore elected toensure free and open distribution of administrative toolsin the form of occupational health and safetymanagement system guidance for everyone.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4OHSAS 18000 is an International Occupational Healthand Safety Management System Specificationdeveloped by the London-based BSI Group, amultinational business chiefly concerned with theproduction and distribution of standards relatedservices.OHSAS 18000 comprises two parts, OHSAS 18001 andOHSAS18002 and embraces a number of otherpublications. OHSAS 18000 is the internationallyrecognized assessment specification for occupationalhealth and safety management systems.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4This internationally recognized specification foroccupational health and safety management systemoperates on the basis of policy, planning, implementationand operation, checking and corrective action,management review, and continual improvement.The British Standards - Occupational Health and Safetymanagement Systems Requirements Standard BS OHSAS18001 was developed within the framework of the ISOstandards series. Allowing it to integrate better into thelarger system of ISO certifications.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4ISO 9001 Quality Management Systems and ISO 14001Environmental Management System can work in tandemwith BS OHSAS 18001/18002 to complement each otherand form a better overall system.Each component of the system is specific, auditable, andaccreditable by a third party after review.Also Standards Australia and the Association Françaisede Normalisation (AFNOR) in France have developedoccupational safety and health management standards.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4Guidance Note HSG65: Successful Health and SafetyManagement, published by the British non-departmental public body Health and Safety Executive,promotes a systematic management of health andsafety through a six step system, Policy1, Organizing2,Planning3 and Implementing4, Measuring Performance5,Reviewing Performance6.These components are all linked to an audit systemproviding for evaluation and a feedback loop to improveperformance.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4European Union (EU)In the European Union, Member States have enforcingauthorities to ensure that the basic legal requirementsrelating to occupational health and safety are met.In many EU countries, there is strong cooperationbetween employer and worker organisations (e.g.unions) to ensure good OSH performance as it isrecognized this has benefits for both the worker(through Maintenance of Health) and the enterprise(through improved Productivity and Quality).
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4European Union (EU)In 1996, the European Agency for Safety and Health atWork was founded.Member states of the European Union have alltransposed into their national legislation a series ofdirectives that establish minimum standards onoccupational health and safety.These directives (about 20 on a variety of topics) followa similar structure requiring the employer to assess theworkplace risks and put in place preventive measuresbased on a Hierarchy of Control.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4United Kingdom (UK)In the UK, health and safety legislation is drawn up andenforced by the Health and Safety Executive and localauthorities (the local council) under the Health andSafety at Work Act 1974.Increasingly in the UK the regulatory trend is away fromprescriptive rules, and towards risk assessment.Recent major changes to the laws governing asbestosand fire safety management embrace the concept of riskassessment.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4DenmarkIn Denmark, OSH is regulated by the Danish Act onWorking Environment and cooperation at theworkplace.The Danish Working Environment Authority (DWEA)carries out inspections of companies, draws up moredetailed rules on health and safety at work and providesinformation on health and safety at work.The result of each inspection is made public on the webpages of the DWEA.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4United States (US)In the United States, the Occupational Safety and HealthAct of 1970 created both the National Institute forOccupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and theOccupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).OSHA, in the U.S. Department of Labour, is responsiblefor developing and enforcing workplace safety andhealth regulations. NIOSH, in the U.S. Department ofHealth and Human Services, is focused on research,information, education, and Training in OccupationalSafety and Health.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4United States (US)Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)has been regulating occupational safety and health since1971.Occupational safety and health regulation of a limitednumber of specifically defined industries was in placefor several decades before that period.Broad regulations by some individual states was in placefor many years prior to the establishment of OSHA.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4CanadaIn Canada, workers are covered by provincial or federallabour codes depending on the sector in which theywork.Workers covered by federal legislation (including thosein mining, transportation, and federal employment) arecovered by the Canada Labour Code; all other workersare covered by the health and safety legislation of theprovince they work in.
OSH Framework andStandards in the World4CanadaThe Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety(CCOHS), an agency of the Government of Canada, wascreated in 1978 by an Act of Parliament.The act was based on the belief that all Canadians had"...a fundamental right to a healthy and safe workingenvironment.“CCOHS is mandated to promote safe and healthyworkplaces to help prevent work-related injuries andillnesses.
OSH Framework andStandards in the Region5People’s Republic of China (PRC)In the Peoples Republic of China, the Ministry of Healthis responsible for occupational disease prevention andthe State Administration of Work Safety for safety issuesat work.On the provincial and municipal level, there are HealthSupervisions for occupational health and local bureausof Work Safety for safety. The "Occupational DiseaseControl Act of PRC" came into force on May 1, 2002 and“Work safety Act of PRC” on November 1, 2002.
OSH Framework andStandards in the Region5MalaysiaIn Malaysia, the Department of Occupational Safety andHealth (DOSH) under the Ministry of Human Resource isresponsible to ensure that the safety, health and welfareof workers in both the public and private sector isupheld.DOSH is responsible to enforce the Factories andMachinery Act 1967 and the Occupational Safety andHealth Act 1994.
OSH Framework andStandards in the Region5SingaporeThe Workplace Safety and Health Act 2006 replaced the1973 Factories Act and fundamentally reformedlegislative approach towards a performance-basedregime.In Singapore, the Occupational Safety and HealthDepartment (OSHD) under the Ministry of Manpower isresponsible to ensure that the safety, health and welfareof workers in both the public and private sector isupheld.
OSH Framework andStandards in the Region5SingaporeThe Workplace Safety and Health Council (WSHC) wasformed on 1 April 2008. The WSHC is an industry-ledStatutory Body that is based in Singapore.The WSHC comprises 18 leaders from the major industrysectors (including Construction, Manufacturing, MarineIndustries, Petrochemicals and Logistics), theGovernment, unions and professionals from the legal,insurance and academic fields.
Current OSH Framework inMyanmar6At present, there are 5 Legal Instruments inIndustrial Sector in Myanmar as follows:1. The Private Industrial Enterprise Law, 19902. The Factories Act, 19513. The Oilfield (Workers and Welfare) Act, 19514. The Petroleum Act, 19345. The Oilfields Act, 1918
Current OSH Framework inMyanmar6The OSH legislative framework in Myanmar is embodiedin the Factories Act of 1951 and the Oilfield (Labour andWelfare) Act of 1951.The primary OSH regulator is the Factories and GeneralLabour Laws Inspection Department (FGLLID). Otheragencies involved in regulating OSH standards include:• the Boiler and Electric Inspection Division (Ministry of Industries);Planning and Inspection Department (Ministry of Mines);• Occupational Health Division (Ministry of Health);• the Ministry of Construction;• the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation; and• the Yangon City Development Committee.
Current OSH Framework inMyanmar6Number of Factories covered by the 1951 Factories Act
Current OSH Framework inMyanmar6Myanmar has a policy framework such as NationalStrategic Policy Document on workers’ health.The framework includes elements such as enactment oflegislation, establishment of mechanisms forintersectoral coordination of activities, funding andresource mobilization for workers’ health, strengtheningthe role and capacities of ministries of health andintegration of objectives and actions for workers’ healthinto national strategies.
Current OSH Framework inMyanmar6Aspects of Workers’ Health covered by this policyframework are:• Occupational Health• Occupational Safety• Workplace Health Promotion• Provision of Occupational Health Services• Chemical Safety• Environmental Health• Prevention of Communicable Diseases at the workplace(HIV/AIDS, TB, malaria, avian influenza)• Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases at the workplace(cancer, cardiovascular diseases).
Preparation OSHFramework in Myanmar71. Set up National OSH Committee2. Assist SME to Improve Work Conditions3. Develop Capabilities of Inspectors4. Upgrade Occupation Hygiene Laboratory5. Upgrade Internal OSH Capabilities6. Establish OSH Training Centre7. International Collaboration to learn experiencesStrategy to raise Occupational Safety and Health Standard
Roles of Stakeholders inMyanmar OSH Framework8Developer / ClientDeveloper Profile• A ‘Developer / Client is anyone having construction orbuilding work carried out as part of their business.• This could be an individual, partnership or company andincludes property developers or management companiesfor domestic properties.• The developer or client, being the pay master at the top ofthe value chain, is in the best position to influence theOccupational Safety and Health (OSH) performance of theproject.• Depending on the objectives and requirementsdevelopers set, the suppliers and contractors they decideto engage, and the resources they provide, the eventualoutcome can vary greatly.
Roles of Stakeholders inMyanmar OSH Framework8Role of the Developer / ClientDeveloper / Client’s Duties• On all projects, developer / client will need to:– Check competence and resources of all potential contractors andsuppliers.– Ensure there are suitable management arrangements for the projectincluding welfare facilities.– Allow sufficient time and resources for all stages.– Provide pre-construction information to designers and contractors.– Must lead in Design for Safety or DfS. DfS refers to active identificationand addressing of WSH risks right from the conceptual and designphase of construction projects.– Appoint a principal contractor.– Make sure that construction work does not start unless a constructionphase plan is in place and there are adequate welfare facilities on site.
Roles of Stakeholders inMyanmar OSH Framework8DesignerDesigner Profile• The term ‘Designer has a broad meaning and relatesto the function performed, rather than the professionor job title.• Designers are those who, as part of their work,prepare design drawings, specifications, bills ofquantities and the specification of articles andsubstances.• This could include architects, engineers and quantitysurveyors.
Roles of Stakeholders inMyanmar OSH Framework8Role of the DesignerDesigner’s DutiesOn all projects, Designer will need to:– Eliminate hazards and risks during design stage.– Provide information about remaining risks.Where projects are notifiable under the Regulations,designers must also:– Check that the client is aware of their duties andthat a site representative has been appointed.– Provide information needed for the health andsafety of the all personnel involved in the project.
Roles of Stakeholders inMyanmar OSH Framework8ContractorsContractors Profile• A ‘Contractors are those who are involved inconstruction, alteration, maintenance or demolitionwork. This could involve building, civil engineering,mechanical, electrical, demolition and maintenancecompanies, partnerships and the self-employed.• All those who work in the construction industry havetheir part to play looking after their own health andsafety and in improving the industry’s health andsafety record.
Roles of Stakeholders inMyanmar OSH Framework8Role of the ContractorContractor’s DutiesOn all projects contractors will need to:• Plan, manage and monitor their own work and that of their workers.• Check the competence of all their appointees and workers.• Train their own employees.• Provide work related information to their workers.• Ensure that there are adequate welfare facilities for their workers.In addition, where projects are notifiable under the Regulations,Contractors must also:• Co-operate with the principal contractor in planning and managing work,including reasonable directions and site rules.• Provide details to the principal contractor of any contractor engaged inconnection with carrying out work.• Inform the principal contractor of reportable accidents, diseases anddangerous occurrences.
Short Term / Long Term Planfor Effective Implementation9Occupational Safety and Health Management System(OSHMS) requires a ‘Plan - Do - Check - Act’ approach,based on the principle of continual improvement.
Short Term / Long Term Planfor Effective Implementation9OSHMS is structured into 14 distinct sections as follows:1. Occupational Safety and Health Policy2. Identification of Hazards3. Assessment of Risks4. Establishments of Occupational Safety and Health Objectives5. Development of OSH Plan6. Implementation of OSH Plan7. Routine Monitoring and Improvement8. Investigation of Work Related Accidents, Incidents and Diseases9. Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response10.Performance Monitoring and Measurement11.Audit12.Preventive and Corrective Action13.Management Review14.Continual Improvement