・ grade 3 students:Educational data inIndiaAbout 60% ofthese childrencouldn’t readsimple words whichthey learned grade1.
Question→To help weaker students effects onimproving educational outcomes・ The low quality of education comesfrom-The teachers(a pedagogy or motivation?)-The Students(low motivation?)
Balsakhi program・ Balsakhi : aged 18 to 20 years oldwomencompleted grade 10-12 educatio-2weeks educational training- 20hours per week・ Offered by PrathamOrganaization
Experiment by MIT Researchgroup・ Place:Mumbai・ Sample:77primary schoolsGrade 2 & 3 children・ Separatinggroups:-The score of pre-assessment languagetest- Understandings of
Experiment designGroup A Group BGrade 2 Treatment ControlGrade 3 Control TreatmentGroup A Group BGrade 3 Control TreatmentGrade 4 Treatment ControlYear 1Year 2
AssessmentsPre-testPost-test1Post-test2Year1 Year 2
Results and my opinion・ Helping weaker students canimprove the literacy outcomes.・ Students can obtain educationalachievements if they understandthe lectures..→The low quality of educationcomes from teachers?
ReferencePratham Organisation (2011) Inside primaryschools-A study of teaching and learning in ruralIndia-, Pratham Resource Centre; MumbaiUNICEF(2012) Statistics in Indiahttp://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/india_statistics.htmlBanerjee.A.V, Cole.S, Duflo.E,and Linden.L(2006) REMEDYINGEDUCATION: EVIDENCE FROM TWORANDOMIZEDEXPERIMENTS IN INDIA, Oxford, U.K; Oxford University press,The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 22, no. 3 (2007): 1235–64