<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sea life in danger </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Mrs. kamal :how much is the swordfish, please? assistant: twenty-three pounds a kilo. Mrs. kamal: that's more than the most expensive meat! your prices keep going up ! assistant: I'm sorry, but we're paying more and more, so they have to go up, too. Mrs. kamal :but why is it happening? S á mi: it's because the sea is being over-fished , mum. we've been learning this at school. Mrs. kamal: tell me more. S á mi: well, all the adult fish are being caught. that means young ones aren't being produced. and that means fish populations everywhere are falling these days. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Mrs. kamal: is anything being done about it? assistant: well, yes, fishermen are being stopped from catching too many fish. they're being stopped by the government. they aren't allowed to go out in their fast, modern boats as much as they used to. Mrs. Kamal :so will there be more fish again? assistant: we there will-in the end. Mrs. kamal: and will prices come down ? assistant:we hope so. Mrs. kamal: well, I'm very sorry, but until then, we'll have to buy something cheaper. come on , Sami. let's go! </li></ul>
Say what these words and phrases mean in context. <ul><li>A. line 5 so they have to go up </li></ul><ul><li>B. line 6 but why`s it happening </li></ul><ul><li>C. line 9 young ones aren’t produced </li></ul><ul><li>D. line 14 as much as they used to </li></ul><ul><li>E. line 18 we hops so </li></ul><ul><li>F. line 19 but until then </li></ul>
<ul><li>Fish and other sea creatures are disappearing fast. In many places, there has been a change that is very easy and sad to see. . </li></ul><ul><li>Near land , it is often caused by pollution However, in the deep oceans, the cause is often over – fishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing used to be difficult, dangerous and often not very successful. However, fishermen then began getting help from modern technology. They got powerful boats that could sail anywhere. They got equipment that could find fish deep underwater. And to catch them, they got nets up to three kilometers long. Fishing become less difficult, less dangerous and much more successful. </li></ul>
<ul><li>it has become too successful . the sea is now begin badly over-fished, and we risk causing the oceans to die. </li></ul><ul><li>The situation seemed to be even worse for whales 30 years ago .they were hunted everywhere too for their meat and oil, and several species were disappearing . there was areal risk of losing these amazing , intelligent mammals completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Government avoided doing anything for years, but finally the world agreed to act. In fact, </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1985, nearly every country stopped catching whales. As a result of this success, whale population are not usually hunted </li></ul><ul><li>Now and are slowly growing again. </li></ul><ul><li>However, fish population are still being badly damage. In Europe, fisherman are not allowed to catch as many fish as thy did, but in most parts of the world they go on fishing as before – though catching fewer fish. The world will almost certainly not agree to stop fishing in the way that it agree to stop hunting whales. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Can we hope to save the oceans? Perhaps the only way is the one that people on land found long ago: farming. there are already quite a lot of fish farms, and perhaps in the future we will see them all around the worlds coasts. People say the fish that these farms produce do not taste as good as wild fish. But that is still much better than losing all the fish in the world. </li></ul>
<ul><li>A. pollution and over-fishing are common causes of falling fish populations ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>B. before modern technology, there were more fish, and so it was easier to catch them ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>C. modern technology has allowed fishermen to catch too many fish ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>D. thirty years ago, whales learned to catch too many fish </li></ul><ul><li>( ) </li></ul><ul><li>E. the writer thinks fish farms are a bad thing ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>F. the writer thinks that if fishing continues as it does nom, the oceans will die ( ) </li></ul>Read and mark the sentences true or false. Correct the ones that are false.
Sea life in danger <ul><li>The next page about some question ( language and speaking ) in Workbook U17 lessons 3 and 4 </li></ul>
Verb +-ing and verb+ infinitive <ul><li>1 . Add the _ing form or the infinitive of the verbs in brackets. </li></ul><ul><li>a . Governments avoided ( ) anything for years,…(do) </li></ul><ul><li>b. … but finally the world agreed ( ). (act) </li></ul><ul><li>C. In 1985, nearly every country stopped ( ) whales. (catch) </li></ul><ul><li>d. … fishermen are not allowed( )as many as they did (catch) </li></ul>
<ul><li>2. Rewrite the sentences. Add the adverbs in brackets in correct position in the underlined verb unit. </li></ul><ul><li>a. The sea is being over-fished. </li></ul><ul><li>b. The change is caused by pollution .(often) </li></ul><ul><li>c. Whale populations are hunted . (not usually) </li></ul><ul><li>d. Fish populations are being damaged . (still) </li></ul>Order of adverbs
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