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Economic and Political Analysis of Sudan
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Economic and Political Analysis of Sudan


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  • 3. TRADE: •Port Sudan in the North •Destroyed Infrastructure •Civil War
  • 4. IMPORT-EXPORT: •EXPORTS: COTTON – The major Export Industrial Products – Textiles and Cement Agricultural Products •IMPORTS: Food Stuff Petroleum Products Textiles Machinery Vehicles Iron Steel
  • 5. MARKET CONDITION:• Major Markets – China, Japan, Indonesia, Egypt, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, South Korea• Major Suppliers - European Union, China, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, and India• Market Condition is weak• Conflict between Tribes and Government• Civil War• A high Export of Agricultural Products• One of the 25 poorest countries in the world
  • 6. LAWS RELATED TO TRADE:• Exports $8.464 billion• Imports $6.823 billion• Trade depends on production• Production depends on the rainfall which is rare• International Trade passes through Port Sudan – the North
  • 7. POLITICAL AND ECONOMICINSTABILITY:• Civil War – 1955 – 1972 (2 billion deaths)• British failure to ensure equity for both North and South• Independent South Sudan movement by South• Inadequate Infrastructure and limited source of Investment Financing• Darfur Conflict (Representation of Non-Arab agrarian farmers in Politics by SLM/A VS JEM)• Bribery in Parliament• Classes and Caste System• Division in almost 25 states• Gender-based discrimination• Transfer of property to elder son
  • 8. POLITICAL AND ECONOMICINSTABILITY:• Low Literacy Rate – 48% (58% Men, 36% women)• Drought and Irrigation problem• Lack of interest towards Industrial and Govt. sectors (80% agricultural, 10% industrial, 6% Govt labour force, 4% unemployed)• Darfur Conflict - Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) VS Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)• High crime rate due to political instability• Military – 92000 (Army 90000, Navy 1700, Air force 300)• Free medical facilities but inaccessible by the people• Poor Health Care and lack of contribution by Govt towards Medical Facilities
  • 9. MAJOR POLITIACALPARITES & THEIR LEADERS:UP (The Umma Party)Al-Sadiq Al-MahdiP. Minister: 1966 – 1967, P. Minister: 1986 - 1989DUP (The Democratic Unionist Party)Ahmed Ali Al-MirahaniPresident, 1986 - 1989NIF (The National Islamic Front)Omer Hassan Abdullah Al-TurabiPresident, 1989SPLM (Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement)RB (The Republication Brothers)SCP (The Sudanese Communist Paries)BP (The Bath Party)
  • 10. CURRENT GOVERNMENT:• Provisional Government established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in January 2005• President – Umar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir• 1st Vice President - Salva Kiir Mayardit• Vice President - Ali Osman Taha• Governor Central Bank of Sudan - Muhammad Al- Hasan Sabir• Minister of Foreign Trade - James Kok Rew• Minister of Agriculture - Zubeir Beshir Taha
  • 11. RELATIONS WITHNEIGHBOURS:• Libya – Announcement in 1994 but not implemented• Egypt – Good till 1986, but worsen after refuse of Arab combination against Iraq• Chad – affected by Civil War and Darfur Conflict• Saudi Arabia – Good till 1974, but worsened after the defeat of Iraq
  • 12. BIZ CULTURE:• Lack of interest by New Businessmen within the region• Political and Economic Instability discourage them• Poor Market Condition• Less Production
  • 13. EFFECTS ON WTO:• In the process of accession (Expected Changes, Should build links with LDCs (Least Developed Countries), also include:• Afghanistan• Bhutan• Cape Verde• Ethiopia• Laos• Samoa• Sao Tome & Principe• Sudan• Vanuatu and Yemen
  • 14. ECONOMIC CYCLE:• Economy is based on Agriculture• Agricultural Products are exported• Machinery, Steel, Iron and food items are imported• Industrial sector deals with soap distilling, textiles and cement
  • 15. SWOT ANALYSIS:• Strengths: 1. Largest country of Africa 2. A major exporter of Cotton 3. Takes part in International Trade 4. Port Sudan – most of international trade passes 5. Cheap Labour 6. Oil producing country 7. Unique Geographical Location
  • 16. SWOT ANALYSIS:• Weaknesses: 1. One of the 25 poorest countries 2. Civil War 3. Low Literacy Rate 4. Poor Health and Medical Care 5. Lack of Human Rights 6. High Inflation Rate 7. Underdeveloped Infrastructure 8. Lack of Rule of Law 9. Lack of Proper Irrigation system 10. Non-availability of Safe Water
  • 17. SWOT ANALYSIS:• Opportunities: 1. Attracting Foreign Investment 2. Tourism (Red Sea resorts, developing Ancient Nubian ruins, wild life parks etc.) 3. Cheap Labour can work abroad 2. Increase in the demand of oil in world market 3. Increase in the demand of cotton in world market 4. Increase in exports of agricultural products 5. Bridging Africa and the Arab World
  • 18. SWOT ANALYSIS:• Threats: 1. Increase in the price of food items in world market as it is the major importer of food items 2. Increase in the price of Industrial Products in world market. 3. China hindering democratic progress 4. Sharing endless border with 9 countries 5. Al-Qaeda
  • 19. ANY QUERIES?
  • 20. GOOD LUCK