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Terry Campbell
 

Terry Campbell

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    Terry Campbell Terry Campbell Presentation Transcript

    • Improving the avocado supply chain Jodie Campbell & Terry Campbell, Primary Industries & Fisheries, DEEDI
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Deliver value and satisfaction Profitability for all to end customer chain members Successful chains Focus on Create & Effective Efficient customers share communication logistics and value and relationships distribution Improving Influential captain knowledge Produce and deliver to lead chain and and practices the right product drive improvement © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries What do consumers want? Avocados that are free from • Flesh bruising • Rots • Skin spotting © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Improvement in the supply chain Mapping What are the current procedures and practices? Change in practice Monitoring Recommend changes to Continuous Verifying what is actually procedures or practices improvement occurring R&D Analysis Identifying areas of Fill knowledge gaps improvement © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Managing avocado quality through the supply chain • Avocado quality can deteriorate throughout the supply chain and is dependant upon growing and handling practices Growing Harvesting Packing Transport Retail Ripening Consumer Growing ? © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Quality defect – skin spotting on Hass • Skin spotting = nodule damage • Can be an entry point for disease • Skin spotting accumulates down the supply chain • Skin spotting may not be visible once avocados start to colour (at retail) © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Unacceptable levels of skin spotting © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Skin spotting on Hass • Assessing where skin spotting is occurring in the supply chain Off the tree Harvest After brushes End of pack Retail line 2.5% 8.3% 12% Visability 18.6% dependant Shed receival upon colour 9.8% stage at retail © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries A Commercial robustness test © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Preliminary results • Statistically significant correlation between 19%DM robustness test & the commercial simulation test (24% DM) © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Grower feedback • Identified several factors that can affect quality – Heavily pruned blocks = poorer fruit quality – Light yields = poorer fruit quality – High vegetative vigour = poorer fruit quality © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Growers opinions on how they could use the data 1. Decision making regarding a late fungicide application 2. Timing of harvest to optimize quality (relating to optimum fruit maturity) 3. Help with marketing decisions 4. Useful to rank their quality against other growers & identify blocks that need improving © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Avocado hazard analysis © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Information and training guides • Colour and handling guide • Quality and handling guide • Ripening guide • Handling avocados at export destinations • Handling and ripening avocados in export markets © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Bruising avocados in the supply chain Susceptibility to bruising increases as fruit ripens and with drop height 500 Drop height (mm) 250 100 rubbery sprung firm ripe at Storage and Ripening at Retail © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Bruising at retail Handle packages and fruit carefully Avocados dropped from only 100mm will bruise © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009
    • Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Conclusions Problems are compounded throughout the chain and co-operation of all members is needed to solve them Monitoring tools are available for managing fruit quality Information and training is required to improve chain performance © The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2009