Development Radars What are these? It would always be desirable to have a snapshot view of the status of human development in various units (like Nation, State, District and Gram Panchayat) while analysing their respective strengths and weaknesses on some relevant human development indicators, as well as identifying areas for concerted policy focus. To meet this objective the NHDR introduces Development Radars.
In order to identify sectors/ areas in which interventions are required
In order to identify targeted geographical regions/ spatial locations for intervention
To carry out ex-post facto evaluation of the efficacy of the interventions.
Snapshot view of the Quality of Life of the Gram Panchayat in question
Provides for comparison across Averages for Nation, States, Districts and for best Radars at National, State, District levels.
On a temporal plane, generates progress made over time.
Why at the Panchayat Level ?
This granularity is in consonance with the 73 rd /74 th Constitutional Amendments.
Constitution mandates a District Plan- which ought to be an aggregate of Panchayat Plans.
District Plan to keep in mind the gaps and requirements, needs of Gram Panchayats.
Such mechanism for comparison required at cutting edge level.
There exist individual indicators on stand alone basis, but..
Aggregate picture of health, education, drinking water, housing, economic condition not available, due to which..
Allocations not getting need based reflection &
Hence, need for this ‘overall look’, which enables interventions based on actual sector-wise gaps at the smallest unit of ‘dis-aggregation’-Gram Panchayats.
Most important in backward Districts, where district is a unit and District Plan is to be consolidated from Gram Panchayat Plans.
Development Radars are needed to empower districts to do this.
What are Development Radars?
These are diagrammatic representation of progress of States, separately for rural and urban areas, on eight distinct social indicators for two points of time.
The National Human Development Report 2001 focuses on eight distinct social indicators .
These include per capita consumption expenditure, incidence of poverty as captured by the head count ratio, access to safe drinking water, proportion of households with pucca houses, literacy rate for the age group 7 years and above, intensity of formal education (indicator based on weighted enrolments in successive classes adjusted for non enrolled children in the age group 6-18 years; more details in chapter 4), life expectancy at age 1 and infant mortality rates.
The selection of these indicators has been done with a view to reflect attainments on the three critical dimensions of well-being and at the same time highlight the progress in meeting the basic human needs of accessibility to safe drinking water and shelter.
Development Radar. The Depiction:
Data Issues: Inputs Solicited on selection of relevant indicators, availability of data from independent sources like the Registrar GI, etc.
Data ought to be comparable, authentic, neutral and non-influential.
Fund flow into each Panchayat to be collated from District- Funds granted to Panchayats and also funds alloted for various development / infrastructure projects within the jurisdiction of Panchayat.