A2A Geothermal energy

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A2A Geothermal energy

  1. 1. GEOTHERMALENERGY
  2. 2. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY• “Geo” – EARTH, “Thermal” - HEAT• The natural heat of the Earth.• Originates from the original formation of the planet (20%) and from radioactive decay of minerals (80%).• The heat that is used for geothermal energy can be stored deep within the Earth, all the way down to Earth’s core – 4,000 miles down.
  3. 3. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
  4. 4. ADVANTAGES ofGEOTHERMAL ENERGY× Natural Source of Energy× Environment Friendly× Power Plant is Less Invasive× Significant Cost Saving / Less expensive× Reduce Reliance on Fossil Fuels× High Load Factor× Geothermal Power is Self-Sufficient× Independent of the Weather
  5. 5. DISADVANTAGES ofGEOTHERMAL ENERGY 1. Not widespread source of energy 2. High Installation Costs 3. Longevity 4. Transportation 5. Hazardous Materials 6. Earthquakes
  6. 6. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY IN THE PHILIPPINES
  7. 7. Makiling-Banahaw (Makban) Geothermal Field
  8. 8. Tiwi Geothermal Field, Albay
  9. 9. Tongonan Geothermal Field, Leyte
  10. 10. Palinpinon Geothermal Field
  11. 11. Bacon-Manito (Bac-Man) Geothermal Field
  12. 12. Mindanao Geothermal Field Mt. Apo
  13. 13. Northern Negros Geothermal Production Field
  14. 14. Geothermal plants around the globe• The world’s first geothermal power station: – Larderello, Southern Tuscany, Italy – Built in 1911
  15. 15. Geothermal plants around the globe • Larderello Worlds First Geothermal Power Station contributed to: – Supplying power to a million of houses globally. – 5000 GWh yearly production – 10% of the worlds total geothermal electricity production.Source: http://www.reuk.co.uk/Larderello-Worlds-First-Geothermal-Power-Station.htm
  16. 16. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe1. Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Station – largest geothermal power station in the world – Installed capacity of 720 MW – plans for expansion up to 820 MW by 2012. – located in south Mexicali, Baja California, in Mexico, on tati and is built in five individual w er S t o Po units, namely CP1, CP2, ro Prie CP3, CP4 and CP5. Cer http://geothermal-powerplant.blogspot.com/2010/08/cerro-prieto-geothermal-power-station.html
  17. 17. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe2. The Geysers – largest complex of geothermal power plants located in Northern California. – Around 22 power plants drawing steam from 350 wells. – 1517 MW active capacity West Ford Flat power Big G – Pacific Gas & Electrics Big eplant yser p lant Geyser plant is the largest of the individual units http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Geysers
  18. 18. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe3. Hellisheiði Power Station – largest geothermal power station in the world – in Hengill, southwest Iceland – As of October 2011, the plant produces 303 MW of electricity and 133 MW of . Helli sheiði hot water, with a target Power S tation capacity of 400 MW
  19. 19. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe 4. Wayang Windu Geothermal Power Station – In Pangalengan, 40 km south of Bandung,West Java. – the largest geothermal power station in Indonesia al – utilizes two units, one with du Ge otherm Win 110 MW and the other withW ayang ion tat 117 MW, totaling thePower S installed capacity to 227 MW.http://www.power-technology.com/projects/wayang-windu/
  20. 20. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe 5. Wairakei Power r Station owe ei P k aira W ion – lies in the Taupo Volcanic t St a Zone. – First geothermal plant to use very hot water as the source of steam that is used to drive the turbines – efficiency of converting heat energy to electrical energy is 37%
  21. 21. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe Utah’s 10MW geothermal power plant
  22. 22. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe Harry Reids hybrid solar-geothermal power plant
  23. 23. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe Raser Technologies’ 120,000MW geothermal power plant
  24. 24. Geothermal Power Plants around the Globe Ohaaki geothermal power plant

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