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LONG HAUL MULTI-GIGABIT MICROWAVE: A NEW APPROACH

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As the data capacity demand on mobile phone and other wireless operator networks booms, their telecom backbones, or backhaul infrastructures, have struggled to keep pace. To get high volumes of data …

As the data capacity demand on mobile phone and other wireless operator networks booms, their telecom backbones, or backhaul infrastructures, have struggled to keep pace. To get high volumes of data from coast to coast, operators have in more recent times relied on fiber optic technology for their voice and data traffic. However, for these long-haul operations, fiber lacks practicality, flexibility, cost effectiveness, security and quick time-to-market. Increasingly, operators are turning to the original long-haul telco solution to meet all these needs: microwave radio.

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  • 1. LONG HAUL MULTI- GIGABIT MICROWAVE: A NEW APPROACH An Advanced Technology Webinar From Aviat Networks 14 August 2013
  • 2. AVIAT NETWORKS WHAT WE WILL COVER TODAY • Typical Trunking Microwave characteristics • Split-Mount Trunking Microwave Solution • Reducing Trunking Total Cost of Ownership • Conclusions and Q+A • The drivers for Trunking Microwave applications • The Impact of Tower Outsourcing on TCO
  • 3. TRAFFIC EXPLOSION
  • 4. Commercial LTE Network Launches (cumulative) Source: GSA
  • 5. How to meet expanding capacity demands?
  • 6. AVIAT NETWORKS In many cases fiber is just not an option:  Too expensive  Not practical  Too vulnerable
  • 7. AVIAT NETWORKS Long Haul, or Trunking Microwave has formed the backbone of networks around the world.
  • 8. AVIAT NETWORKS HIGH CAPACITY, GUARANTEED • Multi-channel microwave systems are key for providing guaranteed high capacity links for long-haul and aggregation applications • New techniques can help, but don’t fit the application: • Higher modulations >1KQAM • MIMO • Ethernet Optimization, eg: Header Compression, etc • Asymmetric links
  • 9. ASSURED CAPACITY EXPANSION REDUCE SITE COMPLEXITY SIMPLIFY DRAMATICALLY LOWER TCO SAFEGUARD SAVE
  • 10. AVIAT NETWORKS Antenna Waveguide Indoor Unit ALL-INDOOR TRUNK RADIOS • All-indoor trunking radios were originally designed for N+1 SDH applications • Supported features generally lag the rest of the microwave market by >12 months • Consist of a full equipment rack, with additional clearance needed for waveguide connections • Connected to antenna(s) by semi-rigid, elliptical waveguide – requires pressurization, dehydration and regular maintenance
  • 11. AVIAT NETWORKS 4 Gbit/s 2 Gbit/s 3 Gbit/s 1 Gbit/s 40 GHz30 GHz20 GHz10 GHz All-Indoor Trunking
  • 12. AVIAT NETWORKS 4 Gbit/s 2 Gbit/s 3 Gbit/s 1 Gbit/s 40 GHz30 GHz20 GHz10 GHz Most effective for high- capacity applications between 2 and 4 Gbit/s All-Indoor Trunking
  • 13. PROBLEM IS, TRUNKING RADIOS ARE BIG… REALLY BIG.
  • 14. SO YOU’LL NEEDS ONE OF THESE…
  • 15. AVIAT NETWORKS ALONG WITH A LARGE GENERATOR (OR TWO)… AND A LOT OF FUEL
  • 16. AVIAT NETWORKS AND ALSO ONE OR MORE OF THESE BEASTS…
  • 17. AVIAT NETWORKS SPLIT-MOUNT ACCESS RADIOS • Split-mount access radios can be used for high capacity applications • Usually much more cost effective than indoor trunking radios • Compact indoor unit, suitable for installation in outdoor cabinet • Simple coax IDU-ODU connection • However, combining multiple channels using couplers introduces significant path losses Antenna Coupler ODU Coax Indoor Unit
  • 18. AVIAT NETWORKS 4 Gbit/s 2 Gbit/s 3 Gbit/s 1 Gbit/s 40 GHz30 GHz20 GHz10 GHz Split-Mount Access
  • 19. AVIAT NETWORKS 4 Gbit/s 2 Gbit/s 3 Gbit/s 1 Gbit/s 40 GHz30 GHz20 GHz10 GHz Split-Mount Access Most effective for access applications <1Gbit/s
  • 20. AVIAT NETWORKS Antenna Waveguide Coax Indoor Unit OBU ODU SPLIT-MOUNT TRUNKING RADIOS • Combines the best of both worlds • Environmentally sealed OBU, containing channel-specific filters and branching • Low-loss combining of 4x ODUs onto a single- or dual-polarized antenna • Mounted close to antenna – no waveguide loss • No pressurization needed • ODUs easily removed and replaced for maintenance
  • 21. AVIAT NETWORKS 4 Gbit/s 2 Gbit/s 3 Gbit/s 1 Gbit/s 40 GHz30 GHz20 GHz10 GHz Combining the best features of indoor trunking and split- mount access Split- Mount Trunking
  • 22. SO THAT THIS… CAN EASILY FIT INTO ONE OF THESE…
  • 23. OR EVEN THIS…
  • 24. AVIAT NETWORKS ANOTHER STEP ALONG THE PATH TO SUSTAINABILITY
  • 25. AVIAT NETWORKS SYSTEM GAIN COMPARISON Split-Mount Trunking All-Indoor Trunking Split-Mount Access Tx Power Output dBm 29.5 31 28 Rx Threshold (10-6 BER) dBm -71.5 -67 -70 Branching/Coupler Loss dB 7.5 6.5 14 Antenna connection loss dB 1 6 1 System Gain dB 92.5 85.5 (-7dB) 83 (-9.5dB) 7 dB Advantage = one full antenna size per link * Based upon system configuration for 7GHz / 28MHz / 256QAM / 4+0 ACCP, No SD
  • 26. AVIAT NETWORKS PURCHASE PRICE Installation Maintenance Training Upgrades Spectrum fees Power usage Tower costs Air Conditioning costs
  • 27. AVIAT NETWORKS TCO and other OPEX drivers rated highest, above purchase price 1 = most important VENDOR SELECTION CRITERIA Microwave Strategies and Vendor Leadership: Global Service Provider Survey, July 29, 2013
  • 28. AVIAT NETWORKS
  • 29. AVIAT NETWORKS INFRASTRUCTURE OUTSOURCING/SHARING • Network outsourcing or sharing becoming common for operators seeking to reduce costs and focus operations • Active - spectrum, switches, antenna, etc • Passive - tower, shelter, power supply, batteries, aircon, etc) • Backhaul – leased capacity (over fiber and/or microwave)
  • 30. AVIAT NETWORKS TCO COSTS - EXAMPLE CAPEX (Initial) Microwave Equipment Price Spares CAPEX (Recurring) S/W Upgrades for Capacity Expansion OPEX (Initial) LOS and Site Survey Site Development and Preparation Design (engineering services) Installation & commissioning Field corrective maintenance Repair and return (MLA fees) Spectrum License (Initial Free) OPEX (Recurring) Spectrum License Annual Fee Tower lease (x' antenna) Power, Cooling and Other Maintenance
  • 31. AVIAT NETWORKS TCO SAVINGS BY REDUCING ANTENNA SIZE 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 10 8 6 4 3 OriginalAntennaDiameter,ft 5 Year TCO Saving, USD The larger the antenna, the bigger TCO Savings
  • 32. AVIAT NETWORKS MICROWAVE TCO - 5 LINKS, INCLUDING TOWER
  • 33. AVIAT NETWORKS MICROWAVE TCO - 1 LINK, TOWER EXCLUDED
  • 34. AVIAT NETWORKS MICROWAVE TCO - 1 LINK, WITH LEASED TOWER
  • 35. AVIAT NETWORKS MICROWAVE TCO - 1 LINK, WITH LEASED TOWER CAPEX IS ONLY A MINOR CONTRIBUTOR FOCUS ON OPEX IS MUCH MORE IMPORTANT!
  • 36. AVIAT NETWORKS COMPARATIVE TCO ANALYSIS CAPEX OPEX TCO
  • 37. AVIAT NETWORKS • Major drivers: • Antennas size and number • Site footprint (container versus a cabinet) • Power consumption • Air conditioning COMPARATIVE TCO ANALYSIS Up to 30% TCO Saving with Split-Mount Trunking
  • 38. REDUCE SITE COMPLEXITY SIMPLIFY • Site cabinets, instead of shelters • Reduced site power needs • Smaller antennas • Reduced tower loading • No waveguide or pressurization
  • 39. DRAMATICALLY LOWER TCO SAVE • No need for expensive shelters • Lower equipment CAPEX • Higher system performance • Site running costs slashed • Smaller antennas = lower tower lease charges
  • 40. ASSURED CAPACITY EXPANSION SAFEGUARD • Simple capacity upgrades • Guaranteed capacity • Take advantage of the latest radio and Carrier Ethernet features • Common platform with access radio
  • 41. AVIAT NETWORKS • New Split-Mount Trunking Solution • Outdoor Branching Unit (OBU) • ODU600T high performance ODUs • High system gain • Simple sparing (one ODU per band) • Now shipping in frequency bands from 5 to 11 GHz worldwide AVIAT STR 600
  • 42. AVIAT NETWORKS IN CONCLUSION • Split Mount Trunking combines the best of both worlds • Ultra-high capacity links with the convenience of split-mount • Enables dramatically lower costs • Optimize assets in preparation for tower outsourcing • Guaranteed capacity without compromise SIMPLIFY, SAVE, SAFEGUARD
  • 43. AVIAT NETWORKS Questions? Thankyou…
  • 44. W W W . A V I A T N E T W O R K S . C O M