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Man made disasters

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gives a view on 7 main disasters and their precautions

gives a view on 7 main disasters and their precautions


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  • 1. MAN MADE DISASTERS
  • 2. DEFINITION
    • Disasters can be man made where the cause is intentional or unintentional . All kinds of man made disasters lead to human suffering , loss of life and long term damage to a nations economy.
  • 3. TYPES OF MAN MADE DISASTERS
    • Nuclear disasters
    • Biological disasters
    • Chemical disasters
    • Fire accidents
    • Road accidents
    • Terrorism
    • Epidemic
  • 4. NUCLEAR ACCIDENTS
    • It is a type of explosion deriving its force from nuclear reactions of fission and fusion . It is of two types fission and fusion . Egs. Of fission are atomic bombs , A-bombs , fission bombs . Egs. Of fusion bombs are hydrogen bombs , H-bombs , fusion bombs etc.
  • 5. PRECAUTIONS
    • Common indicators of these disasters are vomiting , nausea , dizziness etc.
    • Don’t look at fire as it causes instant blindness
    • Close all doors and windows as radioactivity doesn’t penetrate into solid structures
    • Cover all food and water and listen govt. orders
  • 6. BIOLOGICAL DISASTERS
    • These are referred as poor mans nuclear bomb as these are easy to manufacture , transport and have the ability to kill hundreds and thousands of people. They are delivered using dusting airplanes or small perfumes atomizers . They have ability to generate immediate effects.
  • 7. PRECAUTIONS
    • The WHO should lay emphasis on prohibition against biological warfare
    • We should immediately get away from an suspicious thing
    • Cover your mouth with a wet cloth
    • Listen to T.V. and Radio for further GOVT. instructions.
  • 8. CHEMICAL DISASTERS
    • Disasters that are caused by the excessive use and misuse of chemicals in industries are called chemical disasters . The irresponsible handling of powerful chemicals can cause widespread devastation
  • 9. PRECAUTIONS
    • Industries using harmful and powerful chemicals should be located far away from residential areas
    • There should be surveys to keep a check on their activity
    • The govt. should formulate an emergency plan to in case of an accident
    • Pollution levels should be checked and maintained
  • 10. FIRE ACCIDENTS
    • Accidents that are caused due to fire are quite common . Fire results in heavy damage both in terms of life and property . Loss of life is high in a crowded building.
  • 11. PRECAUTIONS
    • The main reason is poor wiring and faulty electrical equipment , leaking gas or carelessly thrown cigarettes and matches
    • The main power supply source is good condition.
    • Wire should be properly covered
    • Inflammable things should be kept out of reach of children
    • Power points shouldn’t be overloaded
  • 12. TRAVEL ACCIDENTS
    • Travel accidents are quite common. An accident which involves a no. of people becomes a disaster. Eg of these disasters are air crashes , train or vehicles collisions , capsizing of boats etc
  • 13. PRECAUTIONS
    • All efforts should be made to carry victims to nearby hospital
    • If possible, first aid can be given to victims
    • It is the duty of people present there to get trapped people out
    • If we smell fuel at accident site , warn people and don’t light fire
  • 14. TERRORISM
    • This is another type of disaster that results in loss of life and property. Terrorists use violence and strike without warning. They use bombs , guns etc to terrorize people
  • 15. PRECAUTIONS
    • We must inform police if we come across any suspected group of people
    • We must stay away from any suspicious things and inform police about that.
    • Do not accept packages from strangers
    • Do not leave luggage unattended while traveling
  • 16. EPIDEMIC
    • Epidemic occurs when a disease attacks a large no of people at one time. It spreads at rapid rate among human population . Most of diseases are spread after natural disaster like tsunami , flood etc.
  • 17. PRECAUTIONS
    • Ensure safe drinking water , sanitation after a disaster .
    • Health workers should be trained.
    • Covering of all stored water containers
    • A surveillance should be established to detect outbreaks