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Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
Tx history-ch-9.4
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Tx history-ch-9.4

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  • 1. Chapter 9: Life in Early Texas Section 4: Government and Society
  • 2. Bellwork <ul><li>Define “republic” </li></ul>
  • 3. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>1824: Mexico became a republic and adopted a constitution. </li></ul>
  • 4. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Stephen F. Austin: had advised the officials who had written the constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Erasmo Seguin: represented Texas at the constitutional assembly and helped write the document </li></ul>
  • 5. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Most Texans supported the Constitution of 1824. </li></ul>
  • 6. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Similarities to U.S. Constitution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gave limited powers to the central government and broad local authority to the states </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Federalism —decentralized form of government </li></ul>
  • 8. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Similarities to U.S. Constitution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three branches of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President served as head of state </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Differences to U.S. Constitution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State lawmakers, not citizens, elected the president </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No separation of church and state or freedom of religion </li></ul></ul>Roman Catholicism was the official religion of Mexico under the Constitution of 1824.
  • 10.  
  • 11. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Constitution of 1824 united the provinces of Texas and Coahuila into a single state. </li></ul>
  • 12. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Most Texans disliked the united of Texas and Coahuila: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They feared not having enough local control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The state’s capital, Saltillo, was far away </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Most U.S. settlers wanted local control over rights and freedoms--used to U.S. political tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. settlers often ignored or changed laws they disagreed with. </li></ul>
  • 14. Texas under Mexican Rule <ul><li>Mexican official often paid no attention when U.S. settlers ignored their laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Local government became a mixture of Mexican and U.S. practices. </li></ul>
  • 15. The Issue of Slavery <ul><li>Slavery divided U.S. settlers and the Mexican government </li></ul><ul><li>1820s: Mexican & Coahuila y Texas governments passed laws restricting slavery </li></ul>
  • 16. The Issue of Slavery <ul><li>Stephen F. Austin was in favor of bringing slaves to Texas . </li></ul><ul><li>Some slaveholders who wanted to emigrate to Texas in the 1820s were worried that Mexico might make slavery illegal. </li></ul>
  • 17. The Issue of Slavery <ul><li>1827: State constitution outlawed slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Antonio Navarro helped pass a law allowing for contract labor—helped people get around the ban on slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions over slavery continued to increase as U.S. settlement increased. </li></ul>
  • 18. Mexican Constitution of 1824 Formed the state of Coahuila y Texas Gave states strong local control Roman Catholicism official religion Effects Effects Effects

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