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Tx history-ch-8.4

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  • 1. Chapter 8: Americans Settle in Texas Section 4: The Empresarios
  • 2.  
  • 3. Bellwork
    • How did Austin’s colony affect immigration to Texas?
  • 4.  
  • 5. Mexico’s New Colonization Laws
    • Colonization Law of 1824
      • Allowed each Mexican state to set up its own policies
      • Restricted new U.S. immigrants from settling near the nation’s borders or along the coast
  • 6. Mexico’s New Colonization Laws
    • 1824: State of Coahuila y Texas formed
    Coahuila y Texas Flag
  • 7. Mexico’s New Colonization Laws
    • Tejanos wanted to see Texas grow
      • Settlers would improve the economy
      • Provide extra defense against the Indians
  • 8. Mexico’s New Colonization Laws
    • Tejanos wanted to see Texas grow
      • New settlements would raise land values
      • New markets for Tejano merchants
  • 9. Mexico’s New Colonization Laws
    • 1825: State Colonization Law of 1825 enacted—opened Texas up to more immigration
    • Empresarios —business people who promoted migration to Texas colonies
  • 10. Mexico’s New Colonization Laws
    • The empresarios made promises of cheap lands in order to attract settlers to Texas.
  • 11. To which modern day occupation could the empresarios be compared? Real Estate Agents
  • 12. Mexico’s New Colonization Laws
    • State Colonization Law
      • Empresarios received 67,000 acres of land for every 200 families they brought to Texas
      • The head of each household could receive 4,428 acres for $30
      • No taxes for 10 years
  • 13. The Dewitt and de Le ón Colonies
    • Green Dewitt’s colony:
      • 1825: receives grant to settle 400 families in Texas
      • Located colony within the Gulf Coast Plain and the Post Oak Belt
  • 14. The Dewitt and de Le ón Colonies
    • Green Dewitt: made Gonzales the capital of his colony
    Green Dewitt
  • 15. The Dewitt and de Le ón Colonies
    • Martin de Le ón’s colony:
      • 1824: received permission to establish a colony along the lower Guadalupe River
      • Main town was Victoria
      • 1834: 300+ people in settlement
  • 16. The Dewitt and de Le ón Colonies
    • Martin de Le ón: brought primarily Mexican settlers to Texas
    Martin de León
  • 17. Austin’s Contributions to Texas
    • Mexican government granted 40+ empresario contracts
    • 1834: 21,000+ settlers lived in Texas
  • 18. Austin’s Contributions to Texas
    • Austin: most important of the empresarios
    • Brought more than 1,500 families to Texas
  • 19. Austin’s Contributions to Texas
    • Stephen F. Austin: known today as the Father of Texas
    Stephen F. Austin