Tx history-ch-8.2


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Tx history-ch-8.2

  1. 1. Chapter 8: Americans Settle in Texas Section 2: Stephen F. Austin in Texas
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>List some ways that Texans have honored the contributions of Moses and Stephen F. Austin </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Stephen F. Austin is known today as the Father of Texas </li></ul>
  4. 4. Stephen F. Austin Goes to Texas <ul><li>After the death of Moses Austin, Stephen F. Austin is determined to carry out his father’s plans to settle Texas </li></ul>This statue of Stephen F. Austin, the father of Texas, is located in the south entry hall of the Texas Capitol.
  5. 5. Stephen F. Austin Goes to Texas <ul><li>August 1821: Stephen F. Austin first arrives in San Antonio— both the mayor of San Antonio and the governor of Texas welcomed him </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stephen F. Austin Goes to Texas <ul><li>Erasmo Seguin —mayor of San Antonio when Stephen F. Austin first arrived there </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stephen F. Austin Goes to Texas <ul><li>Mexico had won its independence from Spain since Moses Austin’s contract had been approved </li></ul><ul><li>A new contract would have to be worked out with the Mexican government </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stephen F. Austin Goes to Texas <ul><li>Austin explores the land east of San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Picked rich farmland in the area of the Brazos and Colorado rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Colony—mild climate, fertile soil, water, timber, wild game, near coast </li></ul>
  9. 9. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Land Terms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heads of households promised 640 acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Married men could claim another 320 acres plus 160 acres for each child </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Land Terms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlers who provided valuable services or who brought items such as cotton gins received extra land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land grants would border rivers whenever possible to aid with water for farming and transportation </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Land Terms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlers would pay 12.5 cents/acre for Austin’s services; fee covered the costs of surveying and land titles </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Land title —legal document proving land ownership </li></ul>
  13. 13. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Attractive offer to US citizens </li></ul><ul><li>By 1820, it was difficult to buy land in the US because land prices were high and money was scarce. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Land in US was $1.25 per acre </li></ul><ul><li>US law required a min of 80 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Price of land had to be paid in full in cash </li></ul>
  15. 15. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Austin allowed people to pay fees with goods </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed people to pay fees over time </li></ul>
  16. 16. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Settlers are going to come to Texas mostly for the cheap land. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Strict Guidelines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardworking, law-abiding people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required to become Mexican citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required to convert to Catholicism </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Formed a partnership with Joseph H. Hawkins to acquire financial support for colony </li></ul><ul><li>Used money to build and outfit a small ship called the Lively </li></ul>
  19. 19. Austin Readies His Colony <ul><li>Lively —ship upon which Austin’s first colonists sailed </li></ul><ul><li>1821: The colonists on the Lively brought mostly seeds, tools, and building materials </li></ul>
  20. 20. Early Settlement of Austin’s Colony <ul><li>The Lively misses its destination </li></ul><ul><li>Second voyage—wrecks near Galveston </li></ul><ul><li>Governor Martinez tells Austin he will have to reconfirm his contract with the Mexican government </li></ul>
  21. 21. Austin Goes to Mexico City <ul><li>March 1822: Austin goes to Mexico City to convince the government to approve his colony </li></ul><ul><li>Arrives in Mexico City to find the government is struggling to organize—had little time for Texas matters </li></ul>
  22. 22. Austin Goes to Mexico City <ul><li>January 1823: the Mexican government passed the Imperial Colonization Law —made Austin’s land grants was secure </li></ul>
  23. 23. Austin Goes to Mexico City <ul><li>Augustin de Iturbide falls from power and the colonization law is canceled </li></ul><ul><li>Austin presses his case with officials </li></ul>
  24. 24. Austin Goes to Mexico City <ul><li>New government will uphold his contract under the terms of the canceled Imperial Colonization Law </li></ul><ul><li>Received power to organize a local government and serve as judge for his colony. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Austin Goes to Mexico City <ul><li>Received the power to organize a militia— used to defend against Indians </li></ul><ul><li>April 1823: Austin heads back to Texas </li></ul>