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Tx history-ch-8.1

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  • 1. Chapter 8: Americans Settle in Texas Section 1: Moses Austin and Texas
  • 2. Bellwork
    • Identify some important events taking place around 1820
  • 3. Moses Austin's Texas Dream
    • June 1798: Moses Austin moves to Missouri (a part of Spanish Louisiana)
    Moses Austin
  • 4. Moses Austin's Texas Dream
    • Mines lead
    • Becomes a Spanish citizen
    • Becomes wealthy and part owner of the Bank of St. Louis
  • 5. Moses Austin's Texas Dream
    • 1819: US experiences a financial panic
    • Financial Panic —an economic crisis
  • 6. Moses Austin's Texas Dream
    • Panic of 1819 leads to a depression
    • Depression —period of low economic activity
  • 7. Moses Austin's Texas Dream
    • Many banks fail, including the Bank of St. Louis
    • Austin is financially ruined
  • 8. Moses Austin's Texas Dream
    • Austin had profited in Spanish lands before
    • Came up with plan to establish a colony of U.S. families in Texas; hoped to regain wealth
    • Sets out for Texas
  • 9. Moses Austin Goes to Texas
    • Moses visits his son, Stephen, in Arkansas
    • Son doubts his father, but gives him $50 and a horse
    Stephen F. Austin
  • 10. Moses Austin Goes to Texas
    • December 23, 1820: Moses arrives at San Antonio
    • Recent filibuster activity made the Spanish suspicious of Americans
  • 11. Moses Austin Goes to Texas
    • Governor Antonio Mar ía Martínez orders Austin out of San Antonio
    • Encounters Baron de Bastrop—an old friend
  • 12. Moses Austin Goes to Texas
    • Bastrop convinces Governor Martínez to allow Austin to stay in San Antonio
    • Bastrop agrees to help Austin with his efforts
  • 13. Moses Austin Goes to Texas
    • In the 1820s, Mexico needed a larger population if it was to maintain control of its territory
  • 14. Moses Austin Goes to Texas
    • Austin had been a loyal Spanish citizen
    • Colony would improve the economy and help protect the region from Indian attacks and U.S. invasion
  • 15. Moses Austin Goes to Texas
    • Governor Martínez agrees to urge his superiors to approve Austin’s plan
    • Austin returns home
    • Difficult journey
  • 16. Moses Austin Goes to Texas
    • Health problems
    • Spring 1821: Receives word that colony was approved—granted the right to settle 300 Catholic families from Louisiana
    • Became extremely ill and asks wife to write Stephen
  • 17. Why Moses Austin Wanted to Start a Colony Why Spanish Officials Approved Austin’s Colony