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Tx history-ch-7.4

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  • 1. Chapter 7: Conflicts of Empire Section 4: Spanish Rule Ends in Mexico
  • 2. Bellwork
    • Describe some of the efforts made to make Mexico/Texas independent of Spain
  • 3. Mexico Wins Independence
    • José María Morelos y Pavón will lead fight for Mexican independence after t he death of Father Hidalgo
    • 1820: Captured & killed
    José María Morelos y Pavón
  • 4. Mexico Wins Independence
    • 1820: Political changes in Spain weakened the government
    • Rebellion is relaunched
    • Military officer Agustín de Iturbide & rebels led by Vicente Guerrero join forces
  • 5. Mexico Wins Independence
    • 1821: Spanish army defeated; Mexican independence won
  • 6. Mexico Wins Independence
    • Agustín de Iturbide : declares himself the first ruler of independent Mexico
    Agustín de Iturbide
  • 7. Mexico Wins Independence
    • Iturbide proved to be an unpopular leader
    • Forced from power
    • Mexico declared a republic
  • 8.  
  • 9. Tejano Ranchers
    • Several thousand people lived around the lower Rio Grande
    • Lush grasslands turned the Rio Grande into a major ranching area
  • 10. Tejano Ranchers
    • Mart ín de León: successful rancher and early Texas trail driver
    Martín de León
  • 11. Tejano Ranchers
    • Wealthy Tejanos lived in houses that resembled forts
    • Others lived in jacales —small one room huts made of sticks and mud
  • 12. Mexican Policies in Texas
    • Spain had began to secularize the missions
    • Secularize —the process of moving from religious to civil control
  • 13. Mexican Policies in Texas
    • San Antonio de Valero: first mission to be secularized
    • 1821-1825: Housed the Flying company of San Jos é y Santiago del Alamo de Parras
  • 14. Mexican Policies in Texas
    • Mexico continued the process of secularizing missions
    • 1832: all mission secularized
    • Mission lands and buildings placed under local control
  • 15. Mexican Policies in Texas
    • Mexico had to develop a new policy for settling and governing Texas
    • Texas population to small—offered free land
    • Spain had opened Texas to U.S. immigration—Mexico will have to decide whether or not to continue this policy

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