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Tx history-ch-7.1

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  • 1. Chapter 7: Conflicts of Empire Section 1: Changes in Spanish Texas
  • 2. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • 1754: France and England go to war over control of the Ohio Valley
  • 3. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • War spreads to Europe
    • Spain sides with France
    • Britain defeats France
  • 4. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • Treaty of Paris signed after war
    • Cede —to officially give up a territory from one nation to another
  • 5. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • Treaty of Paris:
      • France gave up Canada and all land East of the Mississippi River
      • Spain gave up Florida
  • 6. The Marqués de Rubí Report
      • Agreement gives Louisiana to Spain
    • French are no longer a threat to Texas
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • 1766: The Marqués de Rubí begins an inspection of the northern borderlands
    • Becomes very concerned when inspecting northern presidios
  • 10. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • Found better conditions at San Antonio and La Bahía
    • Noted efforts to convert and befriend Indians had failed
  • 11. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • Spanish America’s northern borderlands were threatened in the 1760s because Spain did not have the people, power, or wealth to hold its land there.
  • 12. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • Recommendations:
      • Spain pull back to the “real” frontier
      • Build a string of forts from CA to TX
    A page from the Marqués de Rubí’s diary
  • 13. The Marqués de Rubí Report
      • Only San Antonio and Santa Fe would remain above this line
      • Abandon East Texas settlements
  • 14. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • Recommendations for Texas:
      • Abandon all missions and presidios except those at La Bahía and San Antonio
      • San Antonio should replace Los Adaes as the capital of Texas
  • 15. The Marqués de Rubí Report
    • Recommendations for Texas:
      • Spanish population in East Texas should be moved to San Antonio to strengthen defense of the settlement and mission there.
      • 4. Befriend the Comanche and use their help in fighting the Apache
  • 16. Changes in Texas Policies
    • 1773: withdrawal from East Texas begins
    • Tejanos —persons of Spanish descent who lived in Texas
  • 17. Changes in Texas Policies
    • People did not want to leave
    • Los Adaes replaces San Antonio as capital
  • 18. Changes in Texas Policies
    • Best farmland is already taken
    • People become homesick and ask to return home
  • 19. Changes in Texas Policies
    • Allowed to return as far east as the Trinity River
    • 1774: Antonio Gil Ybarbo—lead a group to present-day Madison County where they founded Bucareli
  • 20. Changes in Texas Policies
    • Bucareli plagued by Comanche raids, disease, and flooding
    • Antonio Gil Ybarbo leads settlers further east
  • 21. Changes in Texas Policies
    • Antonio Gil Ybarbo founded the town of Nacogdoches which became a gateway between Texas and Louisiana.
    Statue of Antonio Gil Ybarbo in present-day Nacogdoches
  • 22. Changes in Texas Policies
    • Spanish copy the French system of befriending the Indians by trading and giving them gifts
    • Spanish wanted to befriend the Comanche to get their help against the Apache
  • 23. Changes in Texas Policies
    • 1785: The Spanish sign a peace treaty with the Comanche Indians
    • Treaty maintained peace for some 30 years
  • 24. Problems Actions Rub í’s Report

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