Chapter 6:  The Spanish Missions Section 5:  Life in Spanish Texas
Bellwork <ul><li>List examples of how Spanish culture has influenced life in present-day Texas. </li></ul>
Why are we studying this? <ul><li>Many states in the American Southwest still show signs of a strong Spanish influence. </...
 
Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Spanish wanted the Indians to live inside the missions </li></ul>Mission Nuestra Seño...
Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Daily work consisted of prayer and work </li></ul><ul><li>Day started at dawn with Ma...
Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Indians worked under the direction of priests and soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Men:  te...
Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Women:  made pottery, cared for livestock, wove cloth, and ran the mission kitchen </...
Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Spanish hoped the Indians would give up their traditional celebrations </li></ul><ul>...
Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Harsh life—dirt floors and open windows </li></ul><ul><li>Food often scarce in East T...
Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>San Antonio and El Paso missions had the best conditions </li></ul>Mission San Jose
Life in the Presidios <ul><li>Missions more likely to succeed with a presidio nearby </li></ul>Presidio de Nuestra Senora ...
Life in the Presidios <ul><li>Built of adobe, stone, and timber </li></ul><ul><li>Had a chapel, barracks, storage rooms, a...
Life in the Presidios <ul><li>Duties:  Guarded missions and supervised Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Risky work </li></ul><ul>...
Life in the Presidios <ul><li>Some soldiers in presidios brought their families with them </li></ul><ul><li>Often disagree...
Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Diverse population of Spaniards, Indians, and African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Most Afr...
Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Towns had streets, bakeries, stores </li></ul><ul><li>Largest town was San Antonio </li></ul>
Life in the Settlements <ul><li>San Antonio—first town to let people participate in the government </li></ul><ul><li>Ayunt...
Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Alcalde —Spanish official who served as mayor, sheriff, and judge of a Spanish settlement ...
Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Farming and ranching important to economy </li></ul><ul><li>Vaqueros —Spanish cowboys </li...
Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Horse riding used to provide entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Social activities focused aro...
Life in the Settlements <ul><li>The Spanish strongly influenced Texas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missions serve as churches </...
Life in the Settlements <ul><ul><li>Place names </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced Cattle & horses to America </li></ul...
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Tx history-ch-6.5

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Tx history-ch-6.5

  1. 1. Chapter 6: The Spanish Missions Section 5: Life in Spanish Texas
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>List examples of how Spanish culture has influenced life in present-day Texas. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why are we studying this? <ul><li>Many states in the American Southwest still show signs of a strong Spanish influence. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Spanish wanted the Indians to live inside the missions </li></ul>Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción has stood in San Antonio since the mid-1700s .
  5. 6. Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Daily work consisted of prayer and work </li></ul><ul><li>Day started at dawn with Mass </li></ul>
  6. 7. Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Indians worked under the direction of priests and soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Men: tended crops of beans corn, and cotton </li></ul>
  7. 8. Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Women: made pottery, cared for livestock, wove cloth, and ran the mission kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Day ended with prayers and dinner—usually a thin cereal </li></ul>
  8. 9. Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Spanish hoped the Indians would give up their traditional celebrations </li></ul><ul><li>Indians would often leave the mission during the hunting season </li></ul>
  9. 10. Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>Harsh life—dirt floors and open windows </li></ul><ul><li>Food often scarce in East Texas Missions—Indians would help during hard times </li></ul>
  10. 11. Life in the Spanish Missions <ul><li>San Antonio and El Paso missions had the best conditions </li></ul>Mission San Jose
  11. 12. Life in the Presidios <ul><li>Missions more likely to succeed with a presidio nearby </li></ul>Presidio de Nuestra Senora de Loreto de la Bahia ,
  12. 13. Life in the Presidios <ul><li>Built of adobe, stone, and timber </li></ul><ul><li>Had a chapel, barracks, storage rooms, and headquarters </li></ul>Artist’s conception of a Spanish presidio
  13. 14. Life in the Presidios <ul><li>Duties: Guarded missions and supervised Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Risky work </li></ul><ul><li>Low pay and poor equipment </li></ul>Spanish frontier soldier
  14. 15. Life in the Presidios <ul><li>Some soldiers in presidios brought their families with them </li></ul><ul><li>Often disagree with missionaries over treatment of Indians and who had the higher authority </li></ul>
  15. 16. Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Diverse population of Spaniards, Indians, and African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Most African Americans brought to Texas as slaves </li></ul>
  16. 17. Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Towns had streets, bakeries, stores </li></ul><ul><li>Largest town was San Antonio </li></ul>
  17. 18. Life in the Settlements <ul><li>San Antonio—first town to let people participate in the government </li></ul><ul><li>Ayuntamiento —governing council of a Spanish settlement in Texas </li></ul>
  18. 19. Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Alcalde —Spanish official who served as mayor, sheriff, and judge of a Spanish settlement in Texas </li></ul>
  19. 20. Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Farming and ranching important to economy </li></ul><ul><li>Vaqueros —Spanish cowboys </li></ul>
  20. 21. Life in the Settlements <ul><li>Horse riding used to provide entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Social activities focused around the family and church </li></ul>
  21. 22. Life in the Settlements <ul><li>The Spanish strongly influenced Texas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missions serve as churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First roads </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Life in the Settlements <ul><ul><li>Place names </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced Cattle & horses to America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art, architecture, food, language, & music </li></ul></ul>
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