Chapter 6:  The Spanish Missions Section 2:  The French Challenge
La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>Spain no longer the only European power in North America </li></ul><ul><li>French & British ...
La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>1682:  Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle expanded the French Empire </li></ul>
La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>Claimed all  land drained by the Mississippi River for France </li></ul>
La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>La Salle returns to France  </li></ul><ul><li>Asks for permission to establish a colony at t...
La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>King Louis of France  supported the La Salle expedition </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to build a se...
La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>Summer 1684:  La Salle leaves France with four ships and 300 solders and settlers </li></ul>...
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Fort St. Louis —settlement built by members of the La Salle Expedition </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement...
Cannons excavated at site of Fort St. Louis
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>La Salle leads and expedition westward towards the Rio Grande </li></ul><ul><li>Gone from October 1...
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Hunger and disease kill colonists </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks by Karankawa Indians </li></ul><ul><li>...
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>La Salle returns to find desperate conditions </li></ul><ul><li>La Salle leads 17 men toward Canada...
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Headed east towards the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Journey through wilderness was difficul...
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>La Salle killed by his own men </li></ul><ul><li>6 men make it to Canada </li></ul>
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Fewer than 30 people left at Fort St. Louis </li></ul><ul><li>Late 1688/Early 1689:  Karankawa Indi...
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>France’s claim to Louisiana  was made possible by La Salle’s exploration of the Mississippi </li></ul>
The Spanish Search for La Salle <ul><li>Spanish send expeditions to search for Fort St. Louis </li></ul><ul><li>Will find ...
Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Tejas —name the Spanish used for the Hasinai Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Hasinai word for friend </li...
Spanish Missions in Texas <ul><li>Spain worries French might gain control if there is no Spanish settlement </li></ul><ul>...
Spanish Missions in Texas <ul><li>Domingo Teran de los Rios —first Spanish governor of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes </...
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Tx history-ch-6.2

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Tx history-ch-6.2

  1. 1. Chapter 6: The Spanish Missions Section 2: The French Challenge
  2. 2. La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>Spain no longer the only European power in North America </li></ul><ul><li>French & British had a presence </li></ul>
  3. 3. La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>1682: Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle expanded the French Empire </li></ul>
  4. 4. La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>Claimed all land drained by the Mississippi River for France </li></ul>
  5. 5. La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>La Salle returns to France </li></ul><ul><li>Asks for permission to establish a colony at the mouth of the Mississippi River </li></ul>
  6. 6. La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>King Louis of France supported the La Salle expedition </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to build a settlement had to be kept a secret from the Spanish who would be angered at a French site so near Texas </li></ul>
  7. 7. La Salle’s Expedition <ul><li>Summer 1684: La Salle leaves France with four ships and 300 solders and settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Troubles along the way </li></ul><ul><li>February 1685: missed the mouth of the Mississippi and lands at Matagorda Bay </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Fort St. Louis —settlement built by members of the La Salle Expedition </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement consisted of several simple houses and a five room fort; eight cannons placed around walls for protection </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cannons excavated at site of Fort St. Louis
  10. 10. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>La Salle leads and expedition westward towards the Rio Grande </li></ul><ul><li>Gone from October 1685 to March 1686 </li></ul><ul><li>Colony falls into crisis </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Hunger and disease kill colonists </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks by Karankawa Indians </li></ul><ul><li>July 1685: Over ½ of the colonists are dead </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>La Salle returns to find desperate conditions </li></ul><ul><li>La Salle leads 17 men toward Canada for help </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Headed east towards the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Journey through wilderness was difficult </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>La Salle killed by his own men </li></ul><ul><li>6 men make it to Canada </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Fewer than 30 people left at Fort St. Louis </li></ul><ul><li>Late 1688/Early 1689: Karankawa Indians attack and destroy the fort </li></ul><ul><li>All adults were killed; five children were taken captive </li></ul>
  16. 16. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>France’s claim to Louisiana was made possible by La Salle’s exploration of the Mississippi </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Spanish Search for La Salle <ul><li>Spanish send expeditions to search for Fort St. Louis </li></ul><ul><li>Will find colony abandoned </li></ul><ul><li>Encounter Hasinai Indians </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fort St. Louis <ul><li>Tejas —name the Spanish used for the Hasinai Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Hasinai word for friend </li></ul>
  19. 19. Spanish Missions in Texas <ul><li>Spain worries French might gain control if there is no Spanish settlement </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco de los Tejas —mission built by the Spanish in East Texas that ended in failure </li></ul>
  20. 20. Spanish Missions in Texas <ul><li>Domingo Teran de los Rios —first Spanish governor of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts/Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Indians uncooperative </li></ul>

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