Tx history-ch-20.4
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Tx history-ch-20.4 Tx history-ch-20.4 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 20: The Indian Wars Section 4: The Indian Wars End in Texas
  • Fighting on the Rio Grande
    • Mangas Coloradas, an Apache chief, was a mentor to Victorio
    • Mangas Coloradas killed by U.S. soldiers
    • Apache ordered to move to reservations in New Mexico
  • Fighting on the Rio Grande
    • Victorio —Apache leader who fled into Mexico & conducted raids across the Rio Grande
  • Fighting on the Rio Grande
    • More troops sent to Rio Grande area
    • Army chased Victorio for two years
    • Troops part of the 9 th & 10 th Cavalries and 24 th & 25 th Infantry Regiments
  • Fighting on the Rio Grande
    • Buffalo Soldiers —name that American Indians gave to African American troops
    Stamp commemorating the Buffalo Soldiers
  • Fighting on the Rio Grande
    • Henry O. Flipper —first black graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point who took part in raids against the Apache while stationed at Fort Davis
    Henry O. Flipper
  • Fighting on the Rio Grande
    • Troops trailed Apache for weeks at a time
    • Crossed back into Mexico
    • Raids stopped when Mexican troops became involved
    • Victorio died in 1880
  • Reservation Life
    • Forced to take up farming
    • Poor soil
    • Little experience raising crops
  • Reservation Life
    • Government did not supply food
    • 1883: Federal government banned many Indian religious practices
    • Forced to traditional ceremonies in secret
  • Reservation Life
    • 1875: Parker surrenders & moves to reservation
    • Worked to better relations between federal government & Indians
    • Went to Washington D.C. to negotiate
    Quanah Parker
  • Reservation Life
    • Indians on reservations shared the land they farmed
    • Some government officials believed Indians would be better off owning land
  • Reservation Life
    • Dawes General Allotment Act —U.S. law passed in 1887 that divided up reservation lands for American Indians and promised the citizenship
  • Reservation Life
    • Many Indians did not receive enough land to sustain themselves
    • Government sold remaining land after dividing land
    • Indians not granted citizenship until 1924
  • Reservation Life
    • By the 1880s most American Indians were gone from Texas
    • Opened vast amounts of land to farming, ranch, & settlement
  • Reservation Life Farming Traditional Culture Ownership of Land