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Tx history-ch-20.3

Tx history-ch-20.3






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    Tx history-ch-20.3 Tx history-ch-20.3 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 20: The Indian Wars Section 3: The Red River War
    • The Battle of Adobe Walls
      • Spring 1874: Situation desperate for Plains Indians
      • Isatai calls for war to drive out buffalo hunters
      • June 1874: Plains Indians leaders, including Quanah Parker & Lone Wolf meet
      Quanah Parker
    • The Battle of Adobe Walls
      • Target trading post at Adobe Walls
      • Battle of Adobe Walls —where 700 Indians attacked a trading post and were defeated by fewer than 30 whites with buffalo guns
    • The caption on this illustration reads: "Glistening with war paint and decked in his battle raiment, every Indian believed that he galloped to certain victory." “ The Battle of Adobe Walls," Pearson's Magazine , January 1908.
    • The Battle of Adobe Walls
      • Four defenders died
      • 12 to 30 Indians died
      • Plains Indians launch attacks in CO, KS, NM, OK, & TX
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • Gen. William T. Sherman ordered to attack raiding Indians “wherever found…the Reservation lines should be no barrier.”
      • Gens. Sherman & Sheridan organize campaign to remove Indians
      General William T. Sherman
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • August 1874: army begins offensive known as “Red River War”
      • 3000 troops divided into 5 groups headed toward Indian villages along upper Red River
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • Texas Rangers participated
      • Col. Nelson Miles led force of 750 soldiers against 600 Cheyenne who escaped in late August
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • Maj. William Price defeated a band of Indians near Sweetwater Creek
      • Col. John Davidson & LTC George Buell’s forces destroyed many Indian villages and forced many Indians onto reservations
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie learned that Comanche, Kiowa, & Cheyenne are camping in Palo Duro Canyon
      Palo Duro Canyon
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • Sept. 28, 1874: Mackenzie & 500 troops enter canyon
      • Launch surprise attack against villages
      • Killed three Comanche
      Ranald Mackenzie
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • Mackenzie defeated the Comanche at Palo Duro Canyon by destroying their villages, horses & supplies
      • Flee out on the Plains
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • Leave behind supplies, including 1400 horses
      • Mackenzie ordered horses shot
      • Ordered men to burn villages
    • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
      • Battle of Palo Duro Canyon —battle which finally defeated the Texas Plains Indians by wiping out their horses, villages, & supplies
      • Indians left with no choice but to accept reservation life