Tx history-ch-18.3
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Tx history-ch-18.3






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Tx history-ch-18.3 Tx history-ch-18.3 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 18: Texas & the Civil WarSection 3: Campaigns in Texas & the Southwest
  • Thinking QuestionWhy might the Union want tocontrol parts of Texas?
  • The New Mexico Campaign• After the war began, Texas forces marched into New Mexico and claimed the territory• Fall 1861: three regiments sent to seize the Southwest
  • The New Mexico Campaign • Henry H. Sibley— Confederate general who attempted to seize control of the Southwest in 1861Henry H. Sibley
  • The New Mexico Campaign• Sibley and his 2,000 troops defeat 2,500 Union troops at Valverde, NM• Texans seize Albuquerque & Santa Fe• Disease & lack of food
  • The New Mexico Campaign• March 28, 1862: Sibley’s forces encounter Union forces at Glorieta Pass• Forced to retreat• Union retains control of Southwest
  • Fighting at Galveston Island• Union Navy blockaded Texas ports• Oct. 1862: Confederate forces retreated Galveston Harbor• Tom Green – Confederate General, assisted in the recapture of Galveston• John Magruder – Confederate General, fought in Battle of Galveston• Galveston an important port
  • Fighting at Galveston Island • Plans made to recapture Galveston • Two steamboats converted to gunboats by lining sides with Cotton Bale cotton bales
  • Fighting at Galveston Island• Jan.1, 1863: “Cottonclads” attack Galveston• Union ships retreat• Union troops captured
  • The Battle of Sabine Pass• Union planned to retake Galveston• September 1863: Union troops set sail from New Orleans with 4,000 troops• Union plan: invade Texas at Sabine Pass, march to Houston, and capture Galveston
  • The Battle of Sabine Pass• Richard Dowling— commander of the Confederate artillery at the Battle of Sabine Pass Lt. Richard Dowling
  • The Battle of Sabine Pass• Based at Ft. Griffin• Sept 8, 1863: Union forces attempt to overtake Sabine pass
  • The Battle of Sabine Pass• Confederate gunners cripple two Union gunboats• Capture 300 Union soldiers
  • The Coast & South Texas• Union troops wanted to take Brownsville and stop trade between Texas and Mexico• Cotton shipped overseas from Mexico• November 1863: Union forces capture Brownsville
  • The Coast & South Texas• Union Gen. Nathaniel Banks splits forces• Union troops under command of Col. E.J. Davis attack Laredo• Attack fails
  • The Coast & South Texas • Santos Benavides— commander who successfully defended Laredo fromSantos Benavides Union forces
  • The Coast & South Texas• Union forces called out of Brownsville• Brownsville recaptured by the Confederates
  • The Red River Campaign• Union troops left Brownsville to take part in Red River Campaign• Union wanted to invade Texas from the NE• General Banks & 27,000 soldiers hoped to meet a group of Union soldiers from Arkansas
  • The Red River Campaign• April 8, 1864: Banks intercepted by Confederate Gen. Richard Taylor at Sabine Crossroads• A Confederate force of only 9,000 force Union troops to turn back
  • The Red River Campaign• April 18, 1864: Confederate forces intercept Union army moving south from Arkansas• Union forces defeated at Poison Spring, Arkansas• Confederate troops turn back Union attacks on Texas