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Tx history-ch-18.2
 

Tx history-ch-18.2

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    Tx history-ch-18.2 Tx history-ch-18.2 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 18: Texas & the Civil War Section 2: The Civil War Begins
    • Thinking QuestionWhat are theUnion’s options against the South?
    • A Call to Arms• April 1861: Confederate attack on Fort Sumter marked beginning of Civil War
    • Fort Sumter—April 4, 1861
    • Fort Sumter—April 1865
    • A Call to Arms• Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers• Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina secede• Thousands of Texans rushed to join Confederate forces.
    • A Call to Arms• End of 1861: 25,000 Texans in Confederate army• Regiments—units of about 1,000 soldiers
    • A Call to Arms Terry’s Texas Rangers B.F. Terry Hood’s Texas Brigade John Bell Hood Ross’s Texas Brigade Lawrence Sullivan Ross
    • A Call to Arms• John Reagan – Postmaster General, served in Jefferson Davis’ cabinet• Francis Lubbock – First Confederate General of Texas
    • A Call to Arms • Albert Sidney Johnston—Texan who was the second highest- ranking officer in the Confederate army until he was killed in battleAlbert Sidney Johnston
    • Texas Readies for War• Texas troop ill-equipped• Texas government seized federal property• Captured $1 million worth of supplies in San Antonio• State’s resources put to use
    • Resources & Strategies• Northern Advantages: – Larger population – Railroads – Factories – Established government
    • Resources & Strategies• Southern advantages: – Experienced military leaders – Experience in riding horses and using firearms
    • Resources & Strategies• Confederate strategy: – Defensive war – South’s greatest resource for trade with the world was cotton
    • Resources & Strategies• Union strategy: – Blockade of southern seaports – Take control of the Mississippi – Capture Richmond, Virginia— capital of Confederacy
    • Resources & Strategies• War in three theatres: – East: Washington D.C. & Richmond – Tennessee and Mississippi – West of the Mississippi River
    • The Major Battles of the Civil War• Major battles took place east of the Mississippi• First Battle of Bull Run (July 1861): – Union attempt to capture Richmond – Union forces drove out of Virginia
    • Home destroyed during First Battle of Bull Run—July 1861
    • The Major Battles of the Civil War• Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862): – Lee clashes with Union force in Maryland – Union victory – 12,000 Union casualties – 13,000 Confederate casualties – Bloodiest day in American History
    • President Lincoln and Gen. George B. McClellan in the generals tent
    • Allan Pinkerton, President Lincoln, and Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand
    • Battle of Antietam—September 17, 1862
    • Confederate Dead at Antietam
    • The Major Battles of the Civil War• Battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863) – Union victory – Lee on defensive for the rest of war – 23,000 Union casualties – 28,000 Confederate casualties
    • Soldiers at Gettysburg
    • Union and Confederate Dead at Gettysburg
    • The Major Battles of the Civil War• The struggle to control the Mississippi River Valley was costly and of major significance to the war.• Battle of Shiloh (April 1862): – Costly for both sides – Albert Sidney Johnston killed
    • The Major Battles of the Civil War• Siege of Vicksburg (July 1863): – Controlled traffic on Mississippi – Six week siege – Confederacy split in two
    • U.S.S. St. Louis (Ironclad)
    • Northern Strategy Southern Strategy Section 2: The Civil War Begins