Tx history-ch-15.3

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Tx history-ch-15.3

  1. 1. Chapter 15: Texas Joins the Union Section 3: Political and Economic Issues
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>What political parties can you name? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Political Parties <ul><li>Political Party —groups of people who help elect government officials and influence government policies </li></ul>
  4. 4. Political Parties <ul><li>Republican Party </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic Party </li></ul>
  5. 7. Political Parties <ul><li>Political parties did not exist in the Republic of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Texans join political parties organized in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Two-party system </li></ul>
  6. 8. Political Parties <ul><li>Democratic Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1840s-50s: most popular political party in Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Represented small business owners & farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most supported annexation </li></ul></ul>Donkey: Symbol of the Democratic Party
  7. 9. Political Parties <ul><li>Whig Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Favored banking and large business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Against annexation of Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided over slavery </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Political Parties <ul><li>Republican Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed by northern Whigs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep slavery out of territories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little support </li></ul></ul>Elephant: Symbol of the Republican Party
  9. 11. Political Parties <ul><li>Know-Nothings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proslavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Catholic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-immigrant </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Early Governors of Texas <ul><li>James Pinckney Henderson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First governor of Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led troops in war against Mexico </li></ul></ul>James Pinckney Henderson
  11. 13. Early Governors of Texas <ul><li>George T. Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected 1847 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frontier defense and border disputes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defeated in re-election bid </li></ul></ul>George T. Wood
  12. 14. Early Governors of Texas <ul><li>Peter H. Bell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Border disputes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-elected in 1851 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resigned before end of term </li></ul></ul>Peter Hansborough Bell
  13. 15. Early Governors of Texas <ul><li>J.W. Henderson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lt. Gov. under Bell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Served as governor for 28 days </li></ul></ul>James W. Henderson
  14. 16. Early Governors of Texas <ul><li>Elisha M. Pease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular governor first elected in 1853, who was a leader in education and helped eliminate state debt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-elected 1855 </li></ul></ul>Elisha M. Pease
  15. 17. Early Governors of Texas <ul><li>Hardin Runnels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected 1855 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defeated Sam Houston for governor in only election Houston ever lost </li></ul></ul>Hardin Runnels
  16. 18. Early Governors of Texas <ul><li>Sam Houston </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected 1859 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Served as army commander, president, senator, and governor </li></ul></ul>Sam Houston
  17. 19. Debts & Land Issues <ul><li>Governors responsible for paying debt and developing land policy </li></ul><ul><li>1845: Republic’s debt $10 million </li></ul><ul><li>Annexation resolution: Texas responsible for debt </li></ul><ul><li>1850: Debt at $12 million </li></ul>
  18. 21. Debts & Land Issues <ul><li>Texas gave up million of acres of land in what are now five other states in exchange for money to reduce its debt. </li></ul><ul><li>Debt paid off by 1855 </li></ul><ul><li>Texas still had million of acres of land </li></ul>
  19. 22. Debts & Land Issues <ul><li>Gave land to settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside for education and improvements </li></ul><ul><li>By 1898 there were no unclaimed public lands left in Texas. </li></ul>

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