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# Tx history-ch-1.2

## on May 25, 2011

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## Tx history-ch-1.2Presentation Transcript

• Texas History Chapter 1.2: Using Maps
• The Liberty Redhawks have made the playoffs and are playing the Hondo Owls. The game will be played in Hondo, Texas. How will you make and plan your travel to Hondo?
• Google Map showing location of Hondo, Texas
• Why are we studying this? Maps are essential tools for geographers and many other professionals.
• Map Grids
• Map —A graphic representation of a place or an area that illustrates the land, seas, and even space
• Map Grids
• Location
• Relative Location —where a place is place is in relation to other places
• Example: Plano is 20 miles south of Celina.
• Map Grids
• Location
• Absolute Location —the exact on earth
• Example: Fowler Middle School is on the corner of Coit Road and McDermott Road.
• Map Grids
• Grid System —map has lines running north/south & east/west. There are numbers and letters placed on the grid
• Latitude & Longitude
• Latitude and Longitude are used to determine an exact spot on earth. Imaginary lines circling the globe are measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds.
• Latitude & Longitude
• Latitude —imaginary lines that run east-west around the globe and measure distance north and south of the equator
Lines of Latitude
• Latitude & Longitude
• Longitude —Imaginary lines that run north-south around the globe and measure distance east and west of the prime meridian
Lines of Longitude
• Latitude & Longitude
• Latitude & longitude are used to determine absolute location.
• Latitude & Longitude
• Equator —an imaginary line circling the globe exactly half way between the North and South Poles
Red Line = Equator
• Latitude & Longitude
• Prime Meridian —imaginary line that runs around the globe from the North Pole, through Greenwich, England, and the South Pole
Yellow Line = Prime Meridian
• Parts of a Map
• Compass Rose —Points to all four cardinal directions
• Parts of a Map
• Scale —is the relationship between measurement on the map and the actual distance on the earth’s surface
• Parts of a Map
• Legend —key; explains the symbols on the map
• Types of Maps
• Reference Maps —maps used to find locations
Political Map Physical Map
• Types of Maps
• Thematic Map —shows a specific topic, theme, or spatial distribution of an activity
Thematic map depicting Farming
• Types of Maps
• Map Projections —means by which mapmakers create flat representations of the earth’s surface
• Describe how different map parts help decode a map Latitude & Longitude Lines Compass Rose Scale Legend