Tx history-ch-11.5


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Tx history-ch-11.5

  1. 1. Chapter 11: The Texas Revolution Section 5: Independence is Won
  2. 2. Thinking Question <ul><li>How did the fall of the Alamo affect Texas soldiers? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Runaway Scrape <ul><li>Houston given command of regular and volunteer army </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short of troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had to train and organize soldiers </li></ul></ul>General Sam Houston
  4. 4. The Runaway Scrape <ul><li>March 6: leaves Washington-on-the-Brazos </li></ul><ul><li>March 11: arrives at Gonzales and greeted with rumors of defeat at Alamo </li></ul>Sam Houston statue in Huntsville, Texas
  5. 5. The Runaway Scrape <ul><li>Sends scouts to investigate </li></ul><ul><li>Scouts come back with survivors </li></ul><ul><li>Learns Santa Anna is heading to Gonzales: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Houston: 400 men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Santa Anna: 700 men </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Runaway Scrape <ul><li>Houston orders a retreat </li></ul><ul><li>Civilians flee </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered the town of Gonzales burned </li></ul>Gonzales burned to keep the Mexicans from attaining supplies
  7. 7. The Runaway Scrape <ul><li>Fearing for their lives, many Texans flee eastward </li></ul><ul><li>“ Runaway Scrape” </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy rains, flooding, disease </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>General Jos é de Urrea enters Texas with 550 troops </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 27, 1836: defeats 34 Texans at San Patricio </li></ul><ul><li>March 2, 1836: defeats 26 Texans at Agua Dulce Creek </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>March 14, 1836: defeats Texans at Refugio </li></ul><ul><li>Had been sent by Col. James Fannin to evacuate the colony </li></ul><ul><li>Next target--Goliad </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>James Fannin —colonel commanding Texas troops at Goliad </li></ul><ul><li>March 14: Received orders from Houston to withdraw </li></ul>Col. James Fannin
  11. 11. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>Fannin waits on his men to return from Refugio </li></ul><ul><li>General Urrea continues his advance </li></ul><ul><li>March 18: Urrea’s forces met Fannin’s troops in a series of brief fights </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>Fannin decides to leave fort and head towards Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>March 19: Texans stop to rest animals and are surrounded </li></ul><ul><li>Texans: 300 troops </li></ul><ul><li>Mexicans: 300-500 troops </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>Battle of Coleto Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Texans pinned down </li></ul><ul><li>Urrea receives reinforcements </li></ul>
  14. 15. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>Fannin surrenders </li></ul><ul><li>Rebels are marched back to Goliad </li></ul><ul><li>Urrea writes to Santa Anna asking permission to hold rebels as POWs </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Anna orders execution of rebels </li></ul>
  15. 25. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>More than 400 Texas soldiers executed outside of Goliad </li></ul><ul><li>Some men escaped and survived </li></ul>
  16. 27. Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad <ul><li>Francita Alavez —the Angel of Goliad </li></ul>Bust of Francita Alavez
  17. 28. Houston Prepares the Troops <ul><li>Angry Texans demand an attack on the Mexicans </li></ul><ul><li>Texas army grown to 1200 soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Houston believed army was too small and untrained to take on Mexicans </li></ul>
  18. 29. Houston Prepares the Troops <ul><li>Retreats eastward toward the Brazos River </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Anna pursues </li></ul>
  19. 30. Houston Prepares the Troops <ul><li>Troops openly criticized Houston for retreating </li></ul><ul><li>President Burnet: “The enemy are laughing you to scorn.” </li></ul>
  20. 31. Houston Prepares the Troops <ul><li>Set up camp at Groce’s Landing </li></ul><ul><li>Trained & drilled troops </li></ul><ul><li>Received supplies and ammunition </li></ul>Replica of one of the “Twin Sisters”
  21. 32. Houston Prepares the Troops <ul><li>April 12: Houston leaves Groce’s Landing </li></ul><ul><li>April 18: Arrives at Harrisburg </li></ul><ul><li>Scouts report that Santa Anna is camped nearby </li></ul><ul><li>Makes decision to attack </li></ul>
  22. 33. The Battle of San Jacinto <ul><li>April 20: Texans set up camp in a grove of trees </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Anna set up camp at the junction of the San Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable spot </li></ul>
  23. 34. The Battle of San Jacinto <ul><li>April 20: one or two small clashes </li></ul><ul><li>Mirabeau B. Lamar saved the lives to two Texans </li></ul><ul><li>Mexicans held ground </li></ul>Mirabeau B. Lamar
  24. 35. The Battle of San Jacinto <ul><li>April 21, noon—holds a meeting with officers </li></ul><ul><li>Decide to attack, rather than wait </li></ul><ul><li>Houston assembles 900 troops </li></ul>San Jacinto Battle Flag
  25. 39. The Battle of San Jacinto <ul><li>3:00 PM: Texans moved from the woods onto the prairie </li></ul><ul><li>Many Mexican soldiers sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Awakened by bullets and cries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Remember the Alamo!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Remember Goliad!” </li></ul></ul>
  26. 41. The Battle of San Jacinto <ul><li>18 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Many surprised Mexicans fled or tried to surrender </li></ul><ul><li>600 Mexicans killed </li></ul><ul><li>9 Texans killed </li></ul>Houston Leading Troops at San Jacinto
  27. 42. The Battle of San Jacinto <ul><li>Sam Houston wounded during the battle </li></ul>
  28. 43. The Battle of San Jacinto <ul><li>Santa Anna disappeared during the battle </li></ul><ul><li>Hid in marsh, discovered the following day </li></ul><ul><li>Houston would not allow execution </li></ul>Santa Anna Surrendering to Houston
  29. 44. “ My motive in sparing the life of Santa Anna was to relieve the country of all hostile enemies without further bloodshed, and to secure his acknowledgement of our independence” — Sam Houston