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Tx history-ch-11.1

Tx history-ch-11.1






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    Tx history-ch-11.1 Tx history-ch-11.1 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 11: The Texas Revolution Section 1: The War Begins
    • Thinking Question
      • What events caused a build up in tensions between Texans and the Mexican government?
    • The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad
      • Santa Anna —president of Texas in the 1830s
      • Texans angry Santa Anna would not follow the Constitution of 1824
      Antonio L ópez de Santa Anna
    • The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad
      • Mexican officials demand that U.S. settlers at Gonzales turn over a cannon
      • Refused to hand over cannon
      Gonzales Cannon
    • The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad
      • Bury the cannon in an orchard
      • Seek reinforcements
      • Removed a ferry crossing the Guadalupe River
    • The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad
      • “ Come and Take It”
      • October 2, 1835: Texans attack Mexican force
      • One Mexican killed, no Texans killed
    • The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad
      • Mexicans retreat to San Antonio
      • General Mart ín Perfecto de Cos orders 300 more troops to Texas
      General Martín Perfecto de Cos
    • The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad
      • After Gonzales, the Texans attacked and defeated an army at Goliad
      • George Collinsworth and Ben Milam commanded a Texas force of about 50 settlers
    • The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad
      • Outnumbered, the Mexicans at Goliad surrender
      • Texas had cut off the Mexican army’s supply route
      • Rebel army sets sights on San Antonio
    • The March on San Antonio
      • Volunteers at Gonzales begin to organize and attack on San Antonio
      • Stephen F. Austin elected general
    • The March on San Antonio
      • October 1835: Austin sets up camp outside of San Antonio
      • Received aid from Tejanos who had suffered after the arrival of Cos
    • The March on San Antonio
      • Texas Army ill trained and equipped
      • Infantry —foot soldiers
      • Cavalry —group of soldiers on horseback
    • The March on San Antonio
      • 90 men sent out to search for a good defensive position
      • Search Party attacked by a force of 400 Mexican soldiers
      Jim Bowie James Fannin Andrew Briscoe
    • Jim Bowie
      • Born 1796 in Kentucky
      • Spent most of his life in Louisiana
      • Caught & rode wild horses, rode alligators, & trapped bears
    • Jim Bowie
      • Signed up to fight in the War of 1812
      • Engaged in illegal slave trading with Jean Lafitte
      • Had a fiery temper and got in many fights
    • Bowie Knife
      • Designed by Jim’s brother, Rezin Bowie, Jeff Cleft created the first knife
      • Given to Jim for protection
      • Gained fame after the “Sandbar Fight”
    • The March on San Antonio
      • Texans had a good defensive position
      • Texans possessed more accurate rifles
      • Texan troops won
      • Stephen F. Austin waits for reinforcements
    • The Grass Fight
      • Austin & troops lay siege to San Antonio
      • Austin chosen as a commissioner to the U.S.
      • Col. Edward Burleson takes command
      Col. Edward Burleson
    • The Grass Fight
      • “ Deaf” Smith, a scout, reports of approaching Mexican soldiers
      • Rumors spreads that soldiers are carrying silver
      Erastus “Deaf” Smith
    • The Grass Fight
      • Texas troops attack
      • Find out Mexicans are carrying straw
      • Realize siege is effective
    • The Capture of San Antonio
      • Dec 4, 1835: Col Burleson orders a withdrawal from San Antonio
      • Captured Mexican officer says that the Mexican camp is weak and disorganized
      • “ Who will go with old Ben Milam into San Antonio?”
    • The Capture of San Antonio
      • 300 rebels under the command of Milam and Francis Johnson attack San Antonio
      • Dec 5, 1835: Fighting begins
      • House-to-house fighting
      Ben Milam
    • The Capture of San Antonio
      • Milam killed on third day of fighting
      • December 10: Cos surrenders
      • Cos allowed to lead his troops out of Texas
    • The Capture of San Antonio
      • By December of 1835, Texans had driven nearly all the Mexican soldiers out of Texas
      • Most Texans thought the conflict was over
    • “ First Battle of the Alamo”
      • Cos used the Alamo as his headquarters
      • Made improvements to the Alamo
      • Surrendered at the Alamo