Tx ch-12.3


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Tx ch-12.3

  1. 1. Chapter 12: A New Nation Section 3: Lamar’s Presidency
  2. 2. Thinking Question <ul><li>What was Sam Houston’s American Indian policy? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lamar in Office <ul><li>Mirabeau B. Lamar : elected second president of Texas in 1838 </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President: David G. Burnet </li></ul>Mirabeau B. Lamar
  4. 4. Lamar in Office <ul><li>Made public education a priority </li></ul><ul><li>Granted counties 17,712 acres of lands to support public schools </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside 231,400 acres for starting two public universities </li></ul>
  5. 5. Lamar in Office <ul><li>1840: Rusterville College opens </li></ul><ul><li>Republic never established a public school system or universities </li></ul><ul><li>Low land values </li></ul>Rusterville College
  6. 6. A New Capital <ul><li>Houston too far east </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to move capital to edge of Texas settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen Republic's control of region </li></ul>
  7. 7. A New Capital <ul><li>1839: Congress appoints a group to select new capital </li></ul><ul><li>Waterloo, a village on Colorado River, selected </li></ul><ul><li>Renamed Austin in honor of SFA </li></ul>
  8. 8. A New Capital <ul><li>Edwin Waller —laid out a new capital for Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Capitol, government offices, streets, & homes built </li></ul>Judge Edwin Waller
  9. 9. A New Capital <ul><li>Some Texans disliked new capital: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too isolated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerable to attack by Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comanche territory </li></ul></ul>Texas Capitol 1839-1853
  10. 10. Land & Economic Policies <ul><li>Homestead Law —law passed in 1839 to protect a family’s home and up to 50 acres of land from seizure for debts </li></ul><ul><li>Important as financial situation worsened </li></ul>
  11. 11. Land & Economic Policies <ul><li>Public debt increased </li></ul><ul><li>Red backs —paper money issued by they Republic of Texas during Lamar's administrating to help stop an economic crisis </li></ul>Republic of Texas Currency
  12. 12. Land & Economic Policies <ul><li>Became worthless within three years </li></ul><ul><li>Republic spent more than it collected in revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Military spending rose form $881,000 under Houston to more than $1.5 under Lamar </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lamar’s American Indian Policy <ul><li>Lamar disliked Indians and wanted them removed from Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Believed Indians did not have a right to their lands </li></ul><ul><li>1839: Lamar orders Cherokee to leave Texas </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lamar’s American Indian Policy <ul><li>Cherokee refuse </li></ul><ul><li>Lamar sends 500 soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting breaks out— Battle of Neches </li></ul>
  15. 15. Lamar’s American Indian Policy <ul><li>Battle of Neches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 Cherokee killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief Bowles killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surviving Cherokee pursued north to Indian Territory </li></ul></ul>Chief Bowles
  16. 16. Lamar’s American Indian Policy <ul><li>Conflict between Texan settlers and Comanche worsens </li></ul><ul><li>Lamar orders attacks on Comanche </li></ul><ul><li>Comanche agree to peace talks </li></ul>
  17. 17. Lamar’s American Indian Policy <ul><li>Texans order Comanche to bring all captives </li></ul><ul><li>March 19, 1840: 65 Comanche arrive in San Antonio for peace talks </li></ul><ul><li>Bring only a few captives </li></ul>
  18. 18. Lamar’s American Indian Policy <ul><li>Texans demand release of captives </li></ul><ul><li>Comanche peace chief says he can not release captives </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting breaks out </li></ul>
  19. 19. Lamar’s American Indian Policy <ul><li>Council House Fight —battle in 1840 between Texas and Comanche after the Comanche did not release all their captives </li></ul><ul><li>35 Comanche dead </li></ul><ul><li>Comanche execute Texas captives </li></ul>
  20. 20. Lamar’s American Indian Policy <ul><li>Launch attacks against settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Texans seek out Comanche </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Plum Creek: more than 130 Comanche killed </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Results of Lamar’s Policies <ul><li>Removed Cherokee from East Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Comanche pushed farther north and west </li></ul><ul><li>Land opened up for settlement </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Results of Lamar’s Policies <ul><li>Indians devastated </li></ul><ul><li>Warfare cost Republic $2.5 million </li></ul><ul><li>Lives lost </li></ul><ul><li>National debt: increased from $3.3 million to more than $8 million </li></ul>
  23. 23. Education Economy Land Policy Indians Action Result Action Result Action Result Action Result