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Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
Tx ch-12.3
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Tx ch-12.3


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  • 1. Chapter 12: A New Nation Section 3: Lamar’s Presidency
  • 2. Thinking Question
    • What was Sam Houston’s American Indian policy?
  • 3. Lamar in Office
    • Mirabeau B. Lamar : elected second president of Texas in 1838
    • Vice President: David G. Burnet
    Mirabeau B. Lamar
  • 4. Lamar in Office
    • Made public education a priority
    • Granted counties 17,712 acres of lands to support public schools
    • Set aside 231,400 acres for starting two public universities
  • 5. Lamar in Office
    • 1840: Rusterville College opens
    • Republic never established a public school system or universities
    • Low land values
    Rusterville College
  • 6. A New Capital
    • Houston too far east
    • Wanted to move capital to edge of Texas settlement
    • Strengthen Republic's control of region
  • 7. A New Capital
    • 1839: Congress appoints a group to select new capital
    • Waterloo, a village on Colorado River, selected
    • Renamed Austin in honor of SFA
  • 8. A New Capital
    • Edwin Waller —laid out a new capital for Texas
    • Capitol, government offices, streets, & homes built
    Judge Edwin Waller
  • 9. A New Capital
    • Some Texans disliked new capital:
      • Too isolated
      • Vulnerable to attack by Mexico
      • Comanche territory
    Texas Capitol 1839-1853
  • 10. Land & Economic Policies
    • Homestead Law —law passed in 1839 to protect a family’s home and up to 50 acres of land from seizure for debts
    • Important as financial situation worsened
  • 11. Land & Economic Policies
    • Public debt increased
    • Red backs —paper money issued by they Republic of Texas during Lamar's administrating to help stop an economic crisis
    Republic of Texas Currency
  • 12. Land & Economic Policies
    • Became worthless within three years
    • Republic spent more than it collected in revenue
    • Military spending rose form $881,000 under Houston to more than $1.5 under Lamar
  • 13. Lamar’s American Indian Policy
    • Lamar disliked Indians and wanted them removed from Texas
    • Believed Indians did not have a right to their lands
    • 1839: Lamar orders Cherokee to leave Texas
  • 14. Lamar’s American Indian Policy
    • Cherokee refuse
    • Lamar sends 500 soldiers
    • Fighting breaks out— Battle of Neches
  • 15. Lamar’s American Indian Policy
    • Battle of Neches
      • 100 Cherokee killed
      • Chief Bowles killed
      • Surviving Cherokee pursued north to Indian Territory
    Chief Bowles
  • 16. Lamar’s American Indian Policy
    • Conflict between Texan settlers and Comanche worsens
    • Lamar orders attacks on Comanche
    • Comanche agree to peace talks
  • 17. Lamar’s American Indian Policy
    • Texans order Comanche to bring all captives
    • March 19, 1840: 65 Comanche arrive in San Antonio for peace talks
    • Bring only a few captives
  • 18. Lamar’s American Indian Policy
    • Texans demand release of captives
    • Comanche peace chief says he can not release captives
    • Fighting breaks out
  • 19. Lamar’s American Indian Policy
    • Council House Fight —battle in 1840 between Texas and Comanche after the Comanche did not release all their captives
    • 35 Comanche dead
    • Comanche execute Texas captives
  • 20. Lamar’s American Indian Policy
    • Launch attacks against settlements
    • Texans seek out Comanche
    • Battle of Plum Creek: more than 130 Comanche killed
  • 21. The Results of Lamar’s Policies
    • Removed Cherokee from East Texas
    • Comanche pushed farther north and west
    • Land opened up for settlement
  • 22. The Results of Lamar’s Policies
    • Indians devastated
    • Warfare cost Republic $2.5 million
    • Lives lost
    • National debt: increased from $3.3 million to more than $8 million
  • 23. Education Economy Land Policy Indians Action Result Action Result Action Result Action Result