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Native americans
 

Native americans

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    Native americans Native americans Presentation Transcript

    • Texas NativeAmericans
    • Texas Native American Wester Puebl n Gulf o Culture GroupsSoutheastern Plains
    • The WesternGulf Culture Area
    • The Western Gulf Culture Area Tribe Karankawa Location in Gulf Coastal Plains – Near present dayTexas Region Galveston South to Corpus Christi Bay Wigwams: circular huts, from bent Housing poles covered with animal skins Men: deer skin breed cloths or nothing Dress Women: skirts of deer skin or grass Painted themselves w/ bright colors Fished – sea turtles and collectedFood Source shell-fish Hunted – deer and small animals Unique Rubbed a ligahor fat and dirt on skin toCharacteristi keep insects away. Gave their children 2
    • The Western Gulf Culture Area Tribe Coachuiltecan Location in Gulf Coastal Plains - Southern TexasTexas Region Wigwams: circular huts, from bent poles Housing covered Men: little clothing Dress Women: grass or deerskin skirts Both: long hair down to waist Buffalo, deer, javelinas, fish, wildFood Source plants, eggs, lizards, snakes, spiders, and worms Unique Mitotes: all night relebrations ofCharacteristi fasting & dancing. Attacked by Apache.
    • TheSoutheasternCulture Area
    • The Southeastern Culture Area Tribe CaddoLocation in Eastern Texas Texas Region Covered wooden poles with grass. Some Housing may have plastered the outside with mud. Winter: clothing from animal skins Summer: men – deerskin breech cloth Dress Women – clothes made from grass and straw Crop rotation: beans, squash, sunflower Food seeds, & Source Wild plants, hunted buffalo and deer, fished
    • The Southeastern Culture Area Tribe Wichita Location in West of the Caddo along the redTexas - Region river Round, built of forked pole, Housing covered with dry grass Dress Painted with tattoos Beans, corn, melons, squash, Food Source buffalo, deer Unique 4 groups: Waco, Taovaya,Characteristic Tawakoni, Witchita s
    • The Southeastern Culture Area Tribe Atakapa Location in Between Caddo and the Gulf of Mexico Texas - Region Housing Huts made from brush Men: breech cloth Dress Women: skirts Tattooed their faces Corn, wild game, buffalo, alligators,Food Source fish, shellfish, berries, nuts, birds eggs Unique Killed by European diseaseCharacteristi
    • The Southeastern Culture Area CADDO• permanent villages • rich farmland• dwellings of wooden poles • farmed corn covered with grass • fished; hunted buffalo• farmed beans, corn, squash • men wore breechcloths• hunted buffalo, deer • made pottery• wore tattoos • wore tattoos • farmed corn WICHITA • hunted buffalo ATAKAPA • wore tattoos
    • The Pueblo Culture Area
    • The Pueblo Culture Area Tribe Jumano Location in Built village along the Rio GrandeTexas Region Housing Adobe bricks: dry clay mud Dress Clothing and shoes from hides Corn and other crops, wild plantsFood Source and buffalo Unique Killed by European diseaseCharacteristic s
    • The Pueblo Culture Area European Jumano had no immunity; diseases many died droughts in the less water for irrigation led to1600s and 1700s crop failure; plains grasses died, drove buffalo away Apache by mid-1700s, Jumano lost warfare control of much of their land
    • The Plains Culture Area
    • The Plains Culture Area Tribe Tonkawa Location in North central plains of TX and SE edgeTexas Region of the Edwards Plateau Tepees: animal hide stretched over long Housing poles Children: little or nothing Men: long hair Dress Women: long or short hair Painted their bodies Small animals – rabbits, rattle snakes,Food Source skunks, berries, fruits, nuts Unique Driven out of hunting grounds by Apache
    • The Plains Culture Area Tribe Mescalero Apache Location in West Texas Texas Region Housing Tepees DressFood Source Buffalo Unique Skilled at riding horsesCharacteristi cs
    • The Plains Culture Area Tribe Lipan Apache Location in West edge of Texas hill countryTexas Region to Rio Grande Housing Tepees Men: hair short on left side, long on right side. Feathers in Dress hair. Both earrings Women: Copper Bracelets Beans, corn, pumpkins,Food Source watermelons, buffalo
    • The Plains Culture Area Tribe Comanche Location inTexas Region Housing Tepees Dress Food Source Buffalo Unique Skilled buffalo hunters – helpedCharacteristics make them wealthy
    • The Plains Culture Area Tribe Kiowa Location inTexas Region Housing Tepees Men: hair long, over right ear, Dress shortFood Source Buffalo, berries, fruits, nuts Unique Skilled buffalo huntersCharacteristi Allied with the Comanche
    • The Plains Culture Area Effect of the Horse Tonkawa Apache Comanche• became Plains • came to Texas and Kiowa nomads between A.D. 1000 • became Plains• enhanced ability to and 1400 nomads hunt, follow buffalo • became Plains • migrated to Texas• in 1700s led to nomads • soon controlled loss of hunting • enhanced ability much of the grounds to Apache to hunt, follow Texas Plains buffalo, fight, raid (Comanchería) • in time, led to loss of hunting grounds to Comanche
    • The Western Gulf Culture AreaQuestion:What are somesimilarities anddifferences betweenthe Karankawa and theCoahuiltecan?
    • The Southeastern Culture AreaQuestion:What traits did theCaddo, Wichita, andAtakapa have incommon?
    • The Pueblo Culture AreaQuestion:What were some ofthe problems facedby the Jumano?
    • The Plains Culture AreaQuestion:How did the horsechange the lives of thePlains Indians?
    • Chapter Wrap-UpQuestion:Why were the lives of the Caddo similar to and different from those of the Jumano?
    • Chapter Wrap-UpQuestion:In what ways were Texas Plains Indian groups similar to one another?
    • Chapter Wrap-UpQuestion:How did new tools and technologies affect Native Americans?
    • It is NowProject Time
    • Indian NewsDirections:• Each group must make a news cast that is produced by Texas Indians for Texas Indians.• All stories must be important to Texas Indians as presented in chapter 4 of your textbook. Divide all work evenly within your group.
    • The telecast must have:• Studio reporter• live on the scene reporter• 2 news stories about Indians that cover issues important to Texas Indians – Who, what, where, when, and why must be covered• Indian commercials (at least 2)• weather report• at least 1 map used in a news story or commercial• All stories and commercials must be written so they can be read aloud during your live telecast. The group telecast should last approximately 5 minutes. Yes, you will present your telecast live to your classmates