Texas Native American Wester Puebl n Gulf o Culture GroupsSoutheastern Plains
The WesternGulf Culture Area
The Western Gulf Culture Area Tribe Karankawa Location in Gulf Coastal Plains – Near present dayTexas Region Galveston South to Corpus Christi Bay Wigwams: circular huts, from bent Housing poles covered with animal skins Men: deer skin breed cloths or nothing Dress Women: skirts of deer skin or grass Painted themselves w/ bright colors Fished – sea turtles and collectedFood Source shell-fish Hunted – deer and small animals Unique Rubbed a ligahor fat and dirt on skin toCharacteristi keep insects away. Gave their children 2
The Western Gulf Culture Area Tribe Coachuiltecan Location in Gulf Coastal Plains - Southern TexasTexas Region Wigwams: circular huts, from bent poles Housing covered Men: little clothing Dress Women: grass or deerskin skirts Both: long hair down to waist Buffalo, deer, javelinas, fish, wildFood Source plants, eggs, lizards, snakes, spiders, and worms Unique Mitotes: all night relebrations ofCharacteristi fasting & dancing. Attacked by Apache.
The Southeastern Culture Area Tribe CaddoLocation in Eastern Texas Texas Region Covered wooden poles with grass. Some Housing may have plastered the outside with mud. Winter: clothing from animal skins Summer: men – deerskin breech cloth Dress Women – clothes made from grass and straw Crop rotation: beans, squash, sunflower Food seeds, & Source Wild plants, hunted buffalo and deer, fished
The Southeastern Culture Area Tribe Wichita Location in West of the Caddo along the redTexas - Region river Round, built of forked pole, Housing covered with dry grass Dress Painted with tattoos Beans, corn, melons, squash, Food Source buffalo, deer Unique 4 groups: Waco, Taovaya,Characteristic Tawakoni, Witchita s
The Southeastern Culture Area Tribe Atakapa Location in Between Caddo and the Gulf of Mexico Texas - Region Housing Huts made from brush Men: breech cloth Dress Women: skirts Tattooed their faces Corn, wild game, buffalo, alligators,Food Source fish, shellfish, berries, nuts, birds eggs Unique Killed by European diseaseCharacteristi
The Southeastern Culture Area CADDO• permanent villages • rich farmland• dwellings of wooden poles • farmed corn covered with grass • fished; hunted buffalo• farmed beans, corn, squash • men wore breechcloths• hunted buffalo, deer • made pottery• wore tattoos • wore tattoos • farmed corn WICHITA • hunted buffalo ATAKAPA • wore tattoos
The Pueblo Culture Area
The Pueblo Culture Area Tribe Jumano Location in Built village along the Rio GrandeTexas Region Housing Adobe bricks: dry clay mud Dress Clothing and shoes from hides Corn and other crops, wild plantsFood Source and buffalo Unique Killed by European diseaseCharacteristic s
The Pueblo Culture Area European Jumano had no immunity; diseases many died droughts in the less water for irrigation led to1600s and 1700s crop failure; plains grasses died, drove buffalo away Apache by mid-1700s, Jumano lost warfare control of much of their land
The Plains Culture Area
The Plains Culture Area Tribe Tonkawa Location in North central plains of TX and SE edgeTexas Region of the Edwards Plateau Tepees: animal hide stretched over long Housing poles Children: little or nothing Men: long hair Dress Women: long or short hair Painted their bodies Small animals – rabbits, rattle snakes,Food Source skunks, berries, fruits, nuts Unique Driven out of hunting grounds by Apache
The Plains Culture Area Tribe Mescalero Apache Location in West Texas Texas Region Housing Tepees DressFood Source Buffalo Unique Skilled at riding horsesCharacteristi cs
The Plains Culture Area Tribe Lipan Apache Location in West edge of Texas hill countryTexas Region to Rio Grande Housing Tepees Men: hair short on left side, long on right side. Feathers in Dress hair. Both earrings Women: Copper Bracelets Beans, corn, pumpkins,Food Source watermelons, buffalo
The Plains Culture Area Tribe Comanche Location inTexas Region Housing Tepees Dress Food Source Buffalo Unique Skilled buffalo hunters – helpedCharacteristics make them wealthy
The Plains Culture Area Tribe Kiowa Location inTexas Region Housing Tepees Men: hair long, over right ear, Dress shortFood Source Buffalo, berries, fruits, nuts Unique Skilled buffalo huntersCharacteristi Allied with the Comanche
The Plains Culture Area Effect of the Horse Tonkawa Apache Comanche• became Plains • came to Texas and Kiowa nomads between A.D. 1000 • became Plains• enhanced ability to and 1400 nomads hunt, follow buffalo • became Plains • migrated to Texas• in 1700s led to nomads • soon controlled loss of hunting • enhanced ability much of the grounds to Apache to hunt, follow Texas Plains buffalo, fight, raid (Comanchería) • in time, led to loss of hunting grounds to Comanche
The Western Gulf Culture AreaQuestion:What are somesimilarities anddifferences betweenthe Karankawa and theCoahuiltecan?
The Southeastern Culture AreaQuestion:What traits did theCaddo, Wichita, andAtakapa have incommon?
The Pueblo Culture AreaQuestion:What were some ofthe problems facedby the Jumano?
The Plains Culture AreaQuestion:How did the horsechange the lives of thePlains Indians?
Chapter Wrap-UpQuestion:Why were the lives of the Caddo similar to and different from those of the Jumano?
Chapter Wrap-UpQuestion:In what ways were Texas Plains Indian groups similar to one another?
Chapter Wrap-UpQuestion:How did new tools and technologies affect Native Americans?
It is NowProject Time
Indian NewsDirections:• Each group must make a news cast that is produced by Texas Indians for Texas Indians.• All stories must be important to Texas Indians as presented in chapter 4 of your textbook. Divide all work evenly within your group.
The telecast must have:• Studio reporter• live on the scene reporter• 2 news stories about Indians that cover issues important to Texas Indians – Who, what, where, when, and why must be covered• Indian commercials (at least 2)• weather report• at least 1 map used in a news story or commercial• All stories and commercials must be written so they can be read aloud during your live telecast. The group telecast should last approximately 5 minutes. Yes, you will present your telecast live to your classmates