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Chapter 31.1   local government
 

Chapter 31.1 local government

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    Chapter 31.1   local government Chapter 31.1 local government Presentation Transcript

    • Section 1- Local Government
      • Precincts – county subdivisions.
      • Commissioners’ Court – panel of elected commissioners that governs a county in Texas.
      • Mayor-Council Government – municipal government in which voters elect a mayor and a city council to directly run the government.
      • Council-Manager Government – municipal government in which voters elect a mayor and a city council that decide the city’s policies; council chooses a city manager to carry out the policies and handle day-to-day business.
      • Commission plan – plan of government in which a panel of elected commissioners is in charge of city services.
      • Home-rule charters – charters that allow Texas citizens of town of more than 5000 people to choose their form of government.
      • General-law cities – small towns or cities that operate under the general laws of the state of Texas
      • Special districts – type of local government that is formed for a special purpose, often handling services not provided by other local governments.
      • Local Governments provide:
        • Police protection
        • Roads
        • Water
      • State has 254 counties, each with a government
        • Counties are divided into 4 precincts
        • Each precinct elects a county commissioner
        • Each county elects a county judge
          • These make up the commissioners’ court and they serve 4 year terms.
      • Commissioners’ Court –
        • Prepare county budget
        • Address local issues
        • Sets county property tax rate
          • Property taxes are a major source of revenue for counties.
      • Do not handle legal cases.
      • Other County Officials
        • County Sheriff – runs the county jail
        • County attorney – advises officials and prosecutes misdemeanor criminal cases.
        • Justice of the Peace – hears minor criminal cases and civil cases.
        • County Clerk – keeps records of the commissioners’ court and keeps deed records of all land in the county.
      • Other County Officials
        • County Treasurer – receives and pays out of county funds
        • County Tax Assessor – makes sure taxes are collected and issue vehicle titles.
      • More than 85% of Texans live in urban areas run by municipal governments.
      • Mayor-council government
        • Voters elect a mayor and city council
      • Council-manager government
        • Voters elect a mayor and city council
        • City managers are chosen to carry out policies made by the elected officials and handle the city’s day-to-day business.
      • Commission Plan , known also as Galveston Plan, was developed in 1901.
        • Voters elect five to seven commissioners to serve as a city council. Each commissioner supervises a city department.
        • Over time, this plan did not work. There are no true commission governments in Texas today.
      • Two types of municipalities in Texas
        • Home-rule Charters - cities with populations of more than 5,000.
          • Cities draft and adopt charters within guidelines set by the state.
          • Pass ordinances, or local laws.
        • Most small cities are known as General-Law cities. They operate under general laws of the state.
      • City Government raise revenue from bonds and from property and sales tax.
      • Government uses this money to provide services such as police, fire, garbage collection, and utilities.
      • Many cities have parks, swimming pools, and sport leagues for recreation.
      • Special Districts – school districts are the most numerous form of local government in the state.
      • Districts are formed for a purpose.
        • Lower Colorado River Authority
        • Hospital Districts
        • Transportation Districts
      • Forms of Municipal Government
      • Council-Manager Mayor-Council Commission
      People People People Manager Council Mayor Mayor Municipal Departments Council Municipal Departments Council, chooses Mayor Each member is head of a Municipal Departments elects elects elects elects selects