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Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
Chapter 30.4   texas judical
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Chapter 30.4 texas judical


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  • 1. Section 4 – Texas Judiciary
  • 2.
    • Civil law- law relating to private rights or obligations.
    • Criminal law – law determining what actions are illegal within a society
    • Misdemeanors – minor crimes
    • Felonies – major crimes
    • Trial courts – courts that hear new cases and give a verdict, or ruling
  • 3.
    • Appellate courts – courts that review trials to determine if correct procedures were followed
    • Judicial review – courts’ power to determine if a law is constitutional.
    • Grand jury – jury that decides if a person accused of a felony should be indicted, or formally charged
    • Petit jury – jury that decides the verdict in a trial
  • 4.
    • State’s Court System
    • 2500 judges hear cases in some 3,000 Texas courts.
      • Most are elected serving either 4 or 6 year terms.
      • Must be a resident of the United States and Texas.
    • Can be removed if they break the law or cannot perform their duties.
      • Legislature can impeach a judge
      • Legislature can ask the governor to remove a judge
      • Texas Supreme Court can remove district judges
  • 5.
    • Civil Law
    • Criminal Law
    • Misdemeanors
    • Felonies
  • 6.
    • Heard in a trial court
      • Three level of trial courts –
        • Justice of the Peace/Municipal Courts – misdemeanor and civil cases between $200 and $5000
        • County Courts
        • District Courts – hear all civil cases involving sums greater than $5000, divorce cases, and some misdemeanor cases. Hear all felony cases – family, criminal and civil.
  • 7.
    • Appellate Courts review trials to determine whether the correct procedures were followed.
      • Can reorder a new trial or overturn a verdict
        • 1 st level has 14 courts
        • Supreme Court and Court of Criminal Appeals are the state’s highest courts.
          • Mainly review criminal cases and ALL death penalty cases
  • 8.
    • Both high courts have the power to judge the constitutionality of a law – judicial review
    • Interpret the Texas Constitution
  • 9.
    • Two types of juries – grand and petit.
      • Grand decides whether a person is accused of a felony should be indicted (formal charge of a crime). Consists of 12 people (9 must vote in order to indict for a felony case to go to a trial).
      • Petit decides the verdict in a trial
    • All citizens must participate in the jury system
      • Must be qualified to vote
      • Read and write English
      • Cannot have been convicted of a theft or felony.
  • 10. Would you enjoy being a judge? why or why not?  Would you welcome the opportunity to serve as a juror? Explain why or why not.  Create a bumper sticker about the jury system's importance.