Section 3 – Texas Executive
<ul><li>Civil law-  law relating to private rights or obligations. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal law –  law determining what ...
<ul><li>Appellate courts –  courts that review trials to determine if correct procedures were followed </li></ul><ul><li>J...
<ul><li>State’s Court System </li></ul><ul><li>2500 judges hear cases in some 3,000 Texas courts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mo...
<ul><li>Civil Law  </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Law  </li></ul><ul><li>Misdemeanors </li></ul><ul><li>Felonies  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Heard in a trial court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three level of trial courts –  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Justice...
<ul><li>Appellate Courts review trials to determine whether the correct procedures were followed.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C...
<ul><li>Both high courts have the power to judge the constitutionality of a law –  judicial review </li></ul><ul><li>Inter...
<ul><li>Two types of juries – grand and petit. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand decides whether a person is accused of a felony...
Would you enjoy being a judge? why or why not?   Would you welcome the opportunity to serve as a juror? Explain why or why...
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Chapter 30.4 texas judical

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Transcript of "Chapter 30.4 texas judical"

  1. 1. Section 3 – Texas Executive
  2. 2. <ul><li>Civil law- law relating to private rights or obligations. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal law – law determining what actions are illegal within a society </li></ul><ul><li>Misdemeanors – minor crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Felonies – major crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Trial courts – courts that hear new cases and give a verdict, or ruling </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Appellate courts – courts that review trials to determine if correct procedures were followed </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial review – courts’ power to determine if a law is constitutional. </li></ul><ul><li>Grand jury – jury that decides if a person accused of a felony should be indicted, or formally charged </li></ul><ul><li>Petit jury – jury that decides the verdict in a trial </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>State’s Court System </li></ul><ul><li>2500 judges hear cases in some 3,000 Texas courts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most are elected serving either 4 or 6 year terms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be a resident of the United States and Texas. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be removed if they break the law or cannot perform their duties. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislature can impeach a judge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislature can ask the governor to remove a judge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas Supreme Court can remove district judges </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Civil Law </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Law </li></ul><ul><li>Misdemeanors </li></ul><ul><li>Felonies </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Heard in a trial court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three level of trial courts – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Justice of the Peace/Municipal Courts – misdemeanor and civil cases between $200 and $5000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>County Courts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>District Courts – hear all civil cases involving sums greater than $5000, divorce cases, and some misdemeanor cases. Hear all felony cases – family, criminal and civil. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Appellate Courts review trials to determine whether the correct procedures were followed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can reorder a new trial or overturn a verdict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st level has 14 courts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court and Court of Criminal Appeals are the state’s highest courts. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly review criminal cases and ALL death penalty cases </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Both high courts have the power to judge the constitutionality of a law – judicial review </li></ul><ul><li>Interpret the Texas Constitution </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Two types of juries – grand and petit. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand decides whether a person is accused of a felony should be indicted (formal charge of a crime). Consists of 12 people (9 must vote in order to indict for a felony case to go to a trial). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petit decides the verdict in a trial </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All citizens must participate in the jury system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be qualified to vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read and write English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot have been convicted of a theft or felony. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Would you enjoy being a judge? why or why not?  Would you welcome the opportunity to serve as a juror? Explain why or why not.  Create a bumper sticker about the jury system's importance.
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