Chapter 30.1 – texas government
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Chapter 30.1 – texas government

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Chapter 30.1 – texas government Chapter 30.1 – texas government Presentation Transcript

  • Section 1 – Texas Constitution
    • Popular sovereignty – principle of government that all political power comes from the people
    • Republic – govt in which authority comes from the people and power is exercised by elected officials according to set laws.
    • Limited Government – principle of government in which power is limited by set laws, such as those in a constitution.
    • Separation of powers – principle of government in which powers are divided among the different government branches.
    • Legislative branch – branch of government that makes the laws
    • Executive branch – branch of government that enforces, or carries out the laws
    • Judicial branch – branch of government in which courts decide legal cases and interprets laws
    • Checks and balances – governmental arrangement by which each different branch has the power to check, or restrict, the power of other branches
    • Veto – power exercised by the executive branch of government to reject a law
    • Override – legislative power to reverse a veto of a bill
    • Federalism – system of government that balances power by distributing them between one central and many regional governments
    • Bill of rights – government document that outlines the civil liberties, or individual rights, that a government promises to protect
      • Texas Bill of Rights found in Article 1:
        • Freedom of speech
        • Freedom of the press
        • Freedom of religion
        • Trial by Jury
        • Concludes that the state can never take away these rights
    • Amendments – additions, changes, or corrections to a constitution
      • Texas Constitution has been the basic law of the state since 1876. It has been amended more than 400 times.
        • Member of legislature must bring about the amendment to be approved by 2/3 of each chamber to be finally voted on by the people.