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Standardization in China
 

Standardization in China

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    Standardization in China Standardization in China Presentation Transcript

    • Standardization in China Mr. SHI Baoquan Vice Administrator Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China
    • Contents
      • I. Overview of Chinese Standardization
      • II. International Standardization Activities
      • III. Alignment with International Standards
    • I. Overview of Chinese Standardization
      • 1. Chinese National Standards Body
      • 2. Standardization Management in China
      • 3. Overview of Chinese Standardization
    • 1. Chinese National Standards Body
      • Authorized by the State council, the Standardization Administration of China (SAC) exercises the unified management of standardization work in China, and represents China in ISO, IEC and other international and regional standardization organizations
      • SAC’s main responsibilities:
      • - to be responsible for the drafting, revision, implementation and organizing work of the standardization laws and regulations.
      • - to be responsible for formulating the development programs on standardization work in China ; to be responsible for organizing, coordinating and formulating the programs on development and revision of national standards.
      • - to be responsible for organizing the development and revision of national standards; to be responsible for the examination, approval, numbering and publication of national standards.
      1. Chinese National Standards Body
      • - to be responsible for managing and guiding the scientific& technical work related to standardization as well as the dissemination, education and training concerned.
      • - to be responsible for coordinating and administering national technical committees of standardization concerned.
      • - to be responsible for coordinating and administering sector and local standardization work; to be responsible for registration of sector and local standards.
      • - to administer the work of national systems of organizational entity codes and commodity bar codes
      • - to be responsible for dissemination, implementation and popularization of national standards; to supervise the implementation of national standards.
      • - to administer national information work on standardization.
      • - to carry out the notification and inquiry work of standards stipulated by WTO/TBT Agreement.
      1. Chinese National Standards Body
      • SAC represents China to join the ISO, IEC and other international and regional standardization organizations; to be responsible for organizing the activities of Chinese National Committees for ISO and IEC; to be responsible for organizing domestic sectors and local areas to participate in the activities of international and regional standardization ; to be responsible for signing and implementing the international cooperation agreement on standardization; to be responsible for the examination and approval of the participation of international activities related to standardization.
      1. Chinese National Standards Body
    • 2 、 Standardization Management in China Standardization Administration of China SAC Ministries and Industries Provinces and Local regions CNIS NACAO Chinese National Technical Committees of Standardization CAS ANCC
      • Local and government departments are responsible for the standardization work of their own regions and industries
        • Quality and technical supervision bureaus of each province, self-administrative region and municipality directly under the administration of central government are responsible for the planning, approval, numbering, promulgation and registration of local and enterprise standards in their own regions;
        • Relevant government departments are responsible for the planning, approval, numbering and promulgation of industrial standards in their own fields.
      2 、 Standardization Management in China
    • 3. Overview of Chinese Standardization
      • Up to the end of 2010, there are 26,940 national standards, 497 TCs, 675 SCs, 7 WGs, and 40,000 experts participating in the development and revision work of national standards.
      • Since the establishment of SAC in 2001, Chinese
      • standardization work has got great development:
      • The standardization work is supported by government, led by market, coordinated by industries, colleges, and institutes, and participated by market sectors and all related stakeholders.
      • National standards system is basically formed, and a series of important standards in the areas of food safety, consumer products safety, industrial adjustment and revitalization, high-new technology, resources and energy saving, environmental protection are developed.
      3. Overview of Chinese Standardization
    • II International Standardization Activities
      • International Standardization Activities
      • Main measures to promote the participation in international standardization activities
      • Pay High Importance to the Standardization Cooperation and Communication with Europe
      • SAC represents China in 12 international and
      • regional standardization organizations.
      • - rejoined ISO in 1978 as P member
      • - joined IEC in 1957 as P member
      II International Standardization Activities
      • ISO activities : ISO Council Member
      • ISO TMB Member
      • ISO-P member: 636 TCs & SCs
      • -O member: 70 TCs & SCs
      • ISO/TC/SC secretariats: 50
      • Chairmen & Vice-chairmen: 27
      II International Standardization Activities
      • IEC activities : IEC CB member
      • IEC SMB member
      • IEC-P member: 175 TCs & SCs(100%)
      • IEC/TC/SC secretariats: 5
      • Chairmen & Vice-chairmen: 4
      II International Standardization Activities
      • ISO General Assembly approved China as the Group 1
      • Council member on Oct. 16 th 2008.
      • IEC Council approved China as Group A member on
      • Oct. 28 th 2011.
      1. International Standardization Activities
      • Number of Chinese technical experts registered in
      • ISO/IEC is increasing. Up to now, there are over
      • 1300 Chinese experts registered in ISO/IEC.
      • China organized the international technical
      • meetings very actively. During 2010, China held
      • 21 ISO/IEC technical meetings.
      1. International Standardization Activities
    • ISO/TC meetings held in China in 2010 ISO/TC178 ISO/TC137 ISO/TC197 ISOTC59/SC8 ISO/TC156 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC38 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC32 ISOTC249 IECTC57 ISO/TC133 ISO/TC247 ISO/PC242 ISO/TC93 ISO/TC198 ISO/TC26 ISOTC91 ISO/TC54
      • Carry out mutual senior visits to key regions and countries, sign cooperation agreements
      • Up to now, SAC has signed 44 cooperation agreements with 25 countries and regions including the UK, the US, Germany, France, Austria, Japan, South Korea, Switzerland and Sweden, launched the standards information platforms with 7 regions and countries including the US, the UK, Germany, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea and the EU. Set up annual regular communication and cooperation mechanism with the UK and Germany.
      1. International Standardization Activities
    • 2. Main measures to promote the participation in international standardization activities
      • (1)Strengthen the training of international standardization experts
      • further strengthen the training of international standardization
      • experts, revise to improve the training materials, organize senior
      • training seminars on international standardization knowledge and
      • English learning, implement the joint training plans with ISO experts.
      • For instance: during the ISO/GA on September of 2011, SAC and ISO signed
      • the cooperation agreement on the international standardization training from
      • 2012 to 2015. According to the agreement, in future 4 years, ISO will help to
      • train our experts who are the management personnel in ISO technical
      • organizations, the experts who have the potential to represent China in
      • medium-high level management bodies in ISO, medium-high level
      • management experts in Chinese standardization work, and also the trainers
      • on international standardization education.
      • (2) strengthen the enthusiasm of the sectors and local governments, improve the participation of all stakeholders.
      • Encourage the sectors and local governments to actively participate in international standardization activities, integrate and make full use of the standardization resources, and explore the new models of participating in international activities.
      • For instance: Shanghai Municipal City Coordination Platform for International Standardization ; IEC/MSB Chinese Experts Committee
      2. Main measures to promote the participation in international standardization activities
      • (3) Strengthen the publicity, promote the awareness of the public to participate in international standardization activities.
      • Further conduct the activities to promote the awareness of the whole society to concern, support and participate in standardization activities.
      • For instance: cooperated with ISO, China carried out the research on the economic benefits assessment of international standards, so as to improve the participation of all stakeholders in international standardization activities.
      2. Main measures to promote the participation in international standardization activities
    • 3. Pay High Importance to the Standardization Cooperation and Communication with Europe
      • China-Europe Standardization WG
      • Cooperation with three European Standardization Organizations
      • China-Europe Standards Information Platform
      • China-Europe Standardization Training Program
    • (1) China-Europe Standardization WG
      • In 2002, AQSIQ and the Directorate General Enterprise and Industry. of the European Commission set up “China-Europe Cooperation Mechanism of Industrial Products Safety and WTO/TBT Negotiation”. Under the mechanism, there are 11 WGs in different areas including the toys, cosmetics, and standardization. The participating organizations from Europe include the Directorate General Enterprise and Industry of the E.C., the European Free Trade Association, three European Standardization Organizations (CEN, CENELEC and ETSI).
    • (2) Cooperation with three European Standardization Organizations
      • SAC has very good cooperation with three European Standardization Organizations including CEN, CENELEC and ETSI. On June 25 th 2009, we signed the Framework Cooperation Agreement between CEN, CENELEC, ETSI and SAC.
    • (3) China-Europe Standards Information Platform
      • During the China-Europe Standardization WG meeting in 2006, SAC discussed about the establishment of the China-Europe Standards Information Platform with the Directorate General Enterprise and Industry. After that, 4 meetings were arranged to discuss about this event. During the WG meeting in 2009, both sides agreed to change the name of China-Europe Standards Information Platform to China-EU/EFTA Standardization Information Platform, and decide to sign the agreement. On January 20, 2010, we signed the China-EU/EFTA Standardization Information Platform MoU.
    • (4) China-Europe Standardization Training Program
      • In 2007, China and Europe launched the program on standardization training. This program is to train the Chinese experts to participate in international standardization activities. The program is divided into several stages. The first training seminar has been finished in 2010, and 41 Chinese experts received training. The second one was held on October 2011.
      • From 24 th to 28 th October 2011, SAC and Directorate General Enterprise and Industry held the EU-China Training on International in Beijing. The EU sent two standardization experts to make introduction for Chinese standardizers about how to participate in the international standardization activates. Besides, they simulated the technical meetings and make guidance for our experts to actively attend the meetings, so that they could learn more about the technical meetings and how to participate in them. 44 trainees from SAC, key enterprises and ISO/IEC TC/SC secretariats attend the seminar.
      (4) China-Europe Standardization Training Program
    • III. Alignment with International Standards
      • 1. Measures
      • 2. Achievements
      • 3. Problems
      • 4. Future Work
      • Chinese government pays high importance to the adoption with international standards. We put it as a very important technical and economic polity to promote the adoption of international standards.
      III. Alignment with International Standards
      • The Standardization Management Rule of China developed in 1979 points out that we should carefully study the international standards and make active adoption.
      • The Management Rule on International Standards Adoption developed in 1984 points out that it is our important technical and economic policy to adopt national standards, and it is an important part of technology introduction.
      • The Standardization Law of China issued in 1988 pints out that we encourage the active adoption of international standards.
      • The Implementing Rules on Standardization Law of China developed in 1990 points out that we encourage the adoption of international standards and the active participation in the development of international standards.
      • The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) revised the Management Rule on International Standards Adoption in 2001.
    • 1. Measures
      • (1) When the Chinese TCs plan to develop national standards, they should consider the possibility to adopt the international standards, and make related planning.
      • (2) When the national standards proposals is submitted to SAC, we will give priority to approve those adopted from international standards.
      • (3) Those researching programs on the standards comparison and analysis related to the international adoption will be given financial support.
      • (4) Follow the international standardization activities. When the international standards are revised, we will update those national standards which are adopted from the related international standards.
    • 2. Achievement
      • Since 1970s, Chinese government pays high importance to the international adoption and actively promote this work. It has improved the products quality, enhanced the production process, and played very important role in ensuring the human health, personal safety and safety of property, protecting animal and plants life and health, as well as protecting environment. It will help Chinese products to avoid the unnecessary technical barriers to international trade.
    • 2. Achievement
      • The adoption rate exceeds 80% in the areas of iron and steel, electromechanical equipment, shipping, instruments and meters.
      • The adoption rate reaches 98.5% in 12 areas including the electrical wire and cable, capacitive component, measuring devices.
    • 3. Problems
      • (1) The participation in international standardization activities is not so active, which influences the alignment with international standards.
      • Since the ability of our experts participating in international standardization is not so strong, and our participation is not so active, we cannot follow the updated development of international standards. This has influenced our adoption of international standards in time.
      • (2) There are no international standards in some products and technical areas of Chinese characteristics.
      • China has a lot of special standardization technical areas, and there are no international standards in these areas. As a result, there are no international standards for us to adopt.
    • 4. Future Work
      • Continue to make the adoption of international standards as our important technical and economic policy. Further improve this work and promote the alignment with the international standards.
      • Actively participate in international standardization activities, so that we could follow the updated development of international standards. This will help us to adopt international standards in time.
    • 4. Future Work
      • (3) Strengthen the cooperation and communication with international and European standardization organizations, explore the models to encourage Chinese experts to participate in European standardization activities.
      • Due to the influence of European countries in the development and revision of international standards, Chinese experts are quite willing to participate in European standardization activities, so as to get the updated information about the European standards and also the international standards, and finally promote the alignment between the national and international standards.
      • Thanks !