Welcome Introduce yourself and any other team members Point out emergency exits and restrooms Thank group for being pro-active about preparedness Explain Disaster Ready Austin Volunteers or CERT and why we exist: DRA and CERT was developed to help people be prepared to care for themselves and their community during and after a disaster, and to take that information and teach others **There are several HANDOUTS, an Evaluation form and a sheet of paper for you to take notes in your packet. Click next slide
Read the Slide This is the Mission statement of the DRA volunteers This class is to help you understand how to manage emergencies Click next slide
Read Slide… Please take notes and hold all questions until the end of each segment. Okay lets begin.. Click next slide
There are several Types of Natural Disasters that occur in Central Texas that are Natural-weather related Click Next Slide
Some of these Natural weather related disasters include Extreme Heat, Tornadoes, lightning strikes, flooding, or extreme cold temperatures Click next slide
In Austin, this can really affect us. (click) Be aware that drinking caffeine and alcohol can lead to dehydration. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. Learn the symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Someone with Heat Exhaustion may be: Fatigued, Confused, Nauseated or Complain of a headache If this happens, move the victim to cool area and give them room-temperature water Heat Exhaustion is dangerous, it can lead to Heat Stroke. Heat stroke is life threatening and requires immediate medical attention With Heat Stroke, the person will have the symptoms of heat exhaustion, plus they will have dry red skin, but they will not be sweating. They may lose consciousness. If any of these symptoms are present call 911 and move the victim to a cool place. Never try to give fluids to someone who is unconscious.
Thunderstorms are prevalent in central Texas and can precede a tornado but the main threat from thunderstorms is lightning. More people are killed in the U.S. by lightning than by tornadoes. And if you see lightning and hear thunder within a few seconds. It means the lightning is very near you. Lightning can strike 10 miles from where it’s raining so if you are in the water or in a boat and hear thunder, get to land immediately. Optional: If you feel tingling or your hair stands on end, get into the lightening position. Crouch down on the balls of your feet, curl into a ball and cover your head. During lightening storms, Stay off the phone and out of the bath tub, unplug all electronic devices. When Thunder roars Go Indoors Click Next Slide
Flooding is the biggest weather hazard for Central Texas It is important that you know your risk for flooding. Please visit, www.floodsmart.gov, this will give you information about the potential for flooding where you live. Click Next Slide
Home insurance policies DO NOT cover you for flooding. (click) You must buy a separate flood insurance policy from the National Flood Insurance Program. It takes 30 days for your policy to become active. Get it before you need it. Optional: If your area is flooding, evacuate, taking your Go-Pack with you, Seek higher ground immediatley. If you wake up and you have water in your home, move to higher levels and wait for rescue. DO NOT walk or swim through flood waters. They may be contaminated, have boulders, fire ant balls, snakes or other things that may cause serious illness. Click Next slide
The majority of Flash flood deaths occur when people to drive through moving water and their car is swept away. It doesn’t take much water to float a car. If the water is up to the rim of your wheel, don’t drive through it. Click Next Slide
6 inches of water can float a small car. (Show 6 inch ruler, This much water makes your car one of these!) Two feet of water will carry away most vehicles. In addition, driving through a low water crossing can result in a Class B misdemeanor and $2000 fine. This is the same as a DWI you can be arrested and may face jail time. Turn Around, Don’t Drown!! Click Next Slide
Tornados and hurricanes, though more rare, can happen here. If you hear a news report of a tornado warning, go to the center room on the bottom floor or basement of a building: crouch down and cover your head. Stay away from windows. If you are outdoors find shelter, and never try to outrun a tornado. If you are in a car drive perpendicular to coming tornado. If it is too close (they move fast) get out and lay flat on the ground, cover you head. Most injuries are caused by flying debris. Your car may be thrown around by the tornado. Click Next Slide
A Winter Storm Watch means severe weather such as heavy snow or ice is possible in the next day or two. Winter Storm Warning means severe winter conditions have begun or will begin very soon. When a Winter Storm WARNING is issued Stay indoors during the storm. If you must go outside, several layers of lightweight clothing will keep you warmer than a single heavy coat. Gloves (or mittens) and a hat will prevent loss of body heat. Cover your mouth to protect your lungs. Walk carefully on snowy, icy, walkways. If the pipes freeze, remove any insulation or layers of newspapers and wrap pipes in rags. Completely open all faucets and pour hot water over the pipes, starting where they were most exposed to the cold (or where the cold was most likely to penetrate). One of the primary concerns is the winter weather's ability to knock out heat, power and communications services to your home or office, sometimes for days at a time. Click next slide
Man-made disasters consist of: Terrorism airline or major traffic accidents Click next slide
Technological- wide-spread power outage Down internet or phone lines Click next slide
Pandemic means it is a wide-spread illness, or an epidemic that impacts a large region Avian flu, Spanish Flu of early 1900’s The H1N1 (swine flu) threatened to become a pandemic disaster. Schools and businesses closed. All of Mexico City was shut down for days. Click Next Slide
The one thing almost all disasters have in common is they occur anytime, any place with or without warning. You have to act quickly to protect yourself and your family Everyone remembers where they were on Sept 11. Even if you didn’t work in a high-rise. You thought about how you would evacuate your building if there was a disaster - how you would get in touch with your family, to see that they were OK. This concludes the Local Disasters segment. Are there any questions? Click next slide
This segment discusses Home Safety….What you need to know to prepare your home. Click Next Slide
Utilities If you smell gas, hear a hissing or see the gas meter dial spinning you may have a gas leak. A build up of gas can cause an explosions or carbon monoxide poisoning. Know where your shut off valves and switches are, and when to use them. Click Next Slide Know how you will contact other members of your family. Have an out of area contact person. Share this plan with that person and other family members. Have a designated meeting area if you need to evacuate Did you know that FIRE is one of the biggest dangers in the home? Click next slide
Utilities If you turn off the gas, Texas Gas must turn it back on. Never turn gas back on yourself… Click Next Slide
Know what hazardous materials you have in your home. Some examples include bleach, paint thinner, fertilizer, ammonia, etc… Keep in original containers. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Some plants are poisonous, know what type of plants you have in our around your home. Dispose of hazardous material properly. Optional: When Bleach and ammonia are mixed it causes a chemical reaction that creates chlorine gas. Chlorine gas is so lethal that it was used by the Germans in WWI. Paint thinner contain Methylene Chloride which can cause brain damage, headaches, drowsiness, blurred vision, impaired motor response and is very corrosive if it gets on your skin. Most of the danger involved with using fertilizers is from improper usage and handling. Follow the instructions and Do not let children or pets on the lawn until the product has been watered in , preferably with a minimum of 1/4 inch of rain Austin has a location where you can drop off Hazardous material. This is for Households ONLY, NO Businesses They do accept fire extinguishers, fluorescent light bulbs, batteries, propane tanks. Click Next Steps Know how you will contact other members of your family. Have an out of area contact person. Share this plan with that person and other family members. Have a designated meeting area if you need to evacuate Did you know that FIRE is one of the biggest dangers in the home? Click next slide
Here are some recommendations for keeping your home and family safe from wildfires. Keep the 15-30 foot area around your home clear of brush and combustibles. This means no trees hanging over the roof, no clogged gutters, shrubs trimmed. Keep a 100 foot garden hose attached to the spigot. Keep your driveway accessible for emergency vehicles. Click Next Steps
Smoke Detectors Smoke detectors should be on every level and outside each bedroom, they should be placed high on the wall, or on the ceiling because Smoke rises. Test smoke detectors monthly and Change batteries twice a year (during Daylight saving time change). Although you cannot smell or see Carbon Monoxide. It is deadly If you have carbon Monoxide detectors, they should be in rooms with gas hot water tanks, furnace, space heaters and in bedrooms Place them low because Carbon Monoxide is heavier than air. Click Next Slide
Fire Extinguisher ABC best for home use A: Common materials such as paper, wood or most other combustibles B: Flammable liquids such as gasoline, paint remover, grease C: Electrical fires Keep near areas of possible fires-kitchen, garage. If pan on stove catches fire-slide the lid or wet towel over the pan, from the side. Never plop the lid on as it can cause the flames come out the sides Check dial yearly. Should be in green zone. Shake canister occasionally, when you change the batteries in your smoke detectors. The dry chemical can settle and compact Need 6 pound extinguisher for home use. Only give about 15-30 seconds of spray Get disposable extinguisher. Refillable ones are costly. Can buy at Home Depot, Lowe’s, etc. 3 pound is OK for boat. Only about 8- 15 seconds. Be sure to secure it, so it does not become a projectile in a crash or sudden stop. Click Next Steps
To use a fire extinguisher Optional: Show the extinguisher, Explain that it is a 3 lb, not the recommended 6 lb., Demo on pretend fire Pull pin Aim at base of fire Squeeze handle Sweep spray back and forth Click Next Slide
Use fire extinguisher if the fire is smaller than a trash can. If it’s bigger than a trash can, get out and call 911. NEVER try to put out a car fire!! Engine fires are very dangerous and can burst into flames or explode. Get far away and call 911 This concludes the Home Safety segment. Do you have any questions? Okay moving right along… Click Next Steps
Personal and Family preparedness starts with you… The last segment will teach you 4 simple steps on how to be prepared when disasters strike. These steps include How to make a plan, build a kit, stay informed and know your neighbors. Click Next Steps
Making a plan means knowing how to Get out!! Have a fire drill so you will have a Family escape plan (click) Know where your exits are. Have at least 2 ways out. Be sure to practice in the dark, you won’t be able to see in a fire.
Pick a spot where everyone will meet after you get out of the house. If you can’t get there, call your emergency contact so someone will know where you are. Fill out Family Communication Plan.
Always know where you are. Where are you? “Who knows the address here?” Get in the habit of locating 2 exit routes from home, work, school, church or anywhere you are. Always know the address of your location and where you are in the building. Building number, room number Be able to communicate your location to emergency services. Plan to get out alive. Click next Slide
In the event of a chemical spill or terrorist action you may be advised to Stay where you are. This is called “Shelter in place” To create a shelter in place: Bring family and animals inside. Lock doors and windows. Turn off air conditioning and heating. Close heat and air conditioning vents, and fireplace damper. Take your emergency supplies and go to interior room with as few windows as possible. Stay inside until an Emergency official tells you it is OK to leave. This is one of the reasons to have your emergency radio. Click Next Slide
You should have a Grad-n-Go kit ready in case you have to evacuate in a hurry. There are five top items everyone should have on hand. Flashlight Battery Operated Radio. Store batteries separately to prevent corrosion. Remember to mark emergency radio stations on your radio before you need it! First aid kit. 1 gallon of water/person/day x3 days or more Enough non perishable food for 3 days or more Recommended are MREs, protein bars, granola bars. Canned food is heavy and you need can opener and eating utensils. Don’t forget, you have to carry it! Add personal items, toiletries, . Eye glasses and medications. Keep your supplies where you can “Grab and Go” Check your supplies twice a year at time changes for expiration dates, corroded batteries, missing supplies
Here are some other things you should include in your Evacuation Plans. Be sure to bring any medications, wheelchairs, canes or other devices you or your family uses. Practice escape plans with special needs individuals Make copies of identification and prescriptions and pictures of your family keep in readily accessible area or store at someone else’s home, in safe deposit box, or fire safe Be sure pets are restrained-leash or carrier and do not pose a danger to other people. Make copies of vaccine records and pet’s picture.
First aid kits ready-made are the easiest . Just buy one! You can customize it for your family. Training Red Cross - American Heart Association's “CPR Anytime” - EMS-cost will vary Know how you will contact other members of your family. Have an out of area contact person. Share this plan with that person and other family members. Have a designated meeting area if you need to evacuate Did you know that FIRE is one of the biggest dangers in the home? Click next slide
Radios Keep a battery operated or crank radios. Write the Emergency stations, 590 AM, on radio with permanent marker or set the dial to 590 AM Phone Local area codes may be blocked, but out of area may work, so have your contact person be outside the area. Program ICE (In Case of Emergency) into yourcell phones. Emergency Service personnel are trained to check your cell phone for ICE. Give your contact information about medications or allergies that you may have. Can record emergency contact info on the back of your driver’s license. Use a fine, Sharpie type pen. If you don’t have a drivers license you can get a TX ID card from the DMV. There is a fee(~$15) HSEM has Reverse 911- will leave msg on land line phone. Register cell phone at the Code Red web site. 911-call for Emergency help 311-call for non-emergency help 211-social service information line. The Offficial State-wide information line for general public to get updates in an emergency. It has some translation service
In an emergency. The City of Austin Office Of Homeland Security and Emergency Management constantly updates Austin/Travis county residents by posting messages on its Disaster Ready Austin Facebook page. Please become our fan by clicking “like” on our page. Also visit.austinhsem.com for the latest updates and to learn more about how to be prepared.
Get to know your neighbors, because in an emergency you are more likely going to depend on them for help. Ways to get to know your neighbors includes: Attend National Night Out; Austin Travis county celebrates the first Tuesday, National in August Join your neighborhood Association Walk door to door Know the neighbor to left/right front and back, All around
Get a kit. Create your Grab-N—Go disaster kit with a 3 day supply of food and water, a first aid kit, radio flashlight and any personal items you would need to be away from home for three days. # Make a plan. Fill out your Family Emergency plan, have an out of area contact. Be sure your ICE number is programmed in your phone. # Stay informed..If you’re on Facebook, log in to Disaster Ready Austin. Bookmark “Austin HSEM”, Mark your radio with official disaster update stations, # Know your neighbors. Make a point of meeting your neighbors, join neighborhood watch programs, consider taking CERT trining to become a CERT member. Recommend this Safety presentation to other neighborhood organizations or school groups.
This concludes our training. If you would like more information on preparedness you can take more advanced training such as: Personal Emergency Preparedness (PEP) - 3hour class- offers more personal preparedness information and home safety tips Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) - 21hr class-comprehensive classes to prepare you to help yourself AND your community
Taking this class is your first step in being prepared. Any questions? Please fill out and turn in the evaluations form . These help us improve our presentations.
One hour preparedness
Personal Preparedness Training
Providing public education in emergency and disaster preparedness.
What to expect <ul><li>This training will cover: </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Local Disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Home Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Personal and Family Preparedness </li></ul>
Preparedness <ul><li>Get a kit </li></ul>Make a plan Stay informed Know your neighbors Recap
HSEM offers Info and Opportunities <ul><ul><li>One Hour Neighborhood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Safety and Preparedness Presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Train the Trainer in one hour presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austin Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) training to prepare you to help yourself and your community </li></ul></ul>Contact HSEM (512)974-0450