JEWS<br />in the Weimar Republic<br />
Outline of Topics<br />-A history: the Jewish-Christian relationship<br />-Shifting 20th Century Ideologies<br />-Separati...
Christian <br />Indoctrination<br />Roots<br />of Antisemitism<br />
Beliefs of the Church<br /><ul><li>Jews were cursed or abandoned by God
failed to recognize Jesus as the Messiah
were responsible for his crucifixion
are consequently no longer the "chosen people”
accusations of Church fathers have been handed down from generation to generation </li></li></ul><li>Formation of a Jewish...
Archetype bleeds into popular culture
Ahavser: wandering Jew who mocked Jesus
several symbols in the public’s consciousness assume the stylized features of an Ahasver
vampire, goat-hoofed devil, Satan with a tail</li></li></ul><li>Resulting Christian Feelings<br /><ul><li>Jews were regard...
Many described feeling a "completely irrational aversion”
Antagonistic Christian-Jew relationship has been passed down for centuries and cultivated since birth </li></li></ul><li>A...
Progression towards Equality<br /><ul><li>ironically, the more rights they obtained, the more Jews conformed to popular so...
the more Jews conformed, the more unrest anti-Semites felt
"the Jew who is unrecognizable–that is the dangerous Jew"</li></li></ul><li>Isolation of Jews<br /><ul><li>Motivations:
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Jews In Weimar Germany

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For an HON 105 presentation. We've been covering Weimar Germany, and I figured that my group's assessment of Weimar society would be incomplete without a touching on the whole anti-Semitism concept.

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  • The MAJOR THEMES.
  • Jews In Weimar Germany

    1. 1. JEWS<br />in the Weimar Republic<br />
    2. 2. Outline of Topics<br />-A history: the Jewish-Christian relationship<br />-Shifting 20th Century Ideologies<br />-Separatism and Freedom<br />
    3. 3. Christian <br />Indoctrination<br />Roots<br />of Antisemitism<br />
    4. 4. Beliefs of the Church<br /><ul><li>Jews were cursed or abandoned by God
    5. 5. failed to recognize Jesus as the Messiah
    6. 6. were responsible for his crucifixion
    7. 7. are consequently no longer the "chosen people”
    8. 8. accusations of Church fathers have been handed down from generation to generation </li></li></ul><li>Formation of a Jewish Archetype<br /><ul><li>Propagation of Jews as sinners, blasphemers, demons, outcasts, depraved
    9. 9. Archetype bleeds into popular culture
    10. 10. Ahavser: wandering Jew who mocked Jesus
    11. 11. several symbols in the public’s consciousness assume the stylized features of an Ahasver
    12. 12. vampire, goat-hoofed devil, Satan with a tail</li></li></ul><li>Resulting Christian Feelings<br /><ul><li>Jews were regarded by Christians as "irksome [and] intolerable”
    13. 13. Many described feeling a "completely irrational aversion”
    14. 14. Antagonistic Christian-Jew relationship has been passed down for centuries and cultivated since birth </li></li></ul><li>Anti-Semitism<br />Diverging Thought<br />
    15. 15. Progression towards Equality<br /><ul><li>ironically, the more rights they obtained, the more Jews conformed to popular social identity
    16. 16. the more Jews conformed, the more unrest anti-Semites felt
    17. 17. "the Jew who is unrecognizable–that is the dangerous Jew"</li></li></ul><li>Isolation of Jews<br /><ul><li>Motivations:
    18. 18. counteract increasing equality
    19. 19. strengthen anti-Semitic relationship
    20. 20. Modernization processes and emphasis on rationality caused Churches to lose power
    21. 21. Reactionary: economic setbacks, political instability, more aggressive nationalism
    22. 22. Attempts to stigmatize Jews:
    23. 23. Satirical songs, jokes, and verses teaching Germans how to recognize Jews by their names</li></li></ul><li>The Secular Jew<br /><ul><li>Movement from Anti-Judaism to Anti-Semitism
    24. 24. Emphasis on Jews as a race with specific traits, rather than a religion with specific beliefs
    25. 25. Isolation ideologies thus catalyze “annihilation” ideologies</li></li></ul><li>The Newish Jewish Archetype<br /><ul><li>New words used by theologians, politicians, literary people, and publicists in Germany to describe Jews
    26. 26. Parasites, degenerate, poison, bacilli, trichinas, rats, blowflies
    27. 27. Implied Jewish “racial characteristics”
    28. 28. Live at cost of others
    29. 29. Uses flattery and submissiveness to profit
    30. 30. Unproductive and lazy</li></li></ul><li>From their perspective<br />Isolation<br />Advantage or Disadvantage?<br />
    31. 31. Views of Jews in Weimar<br />Separatism<br /><ul><li>Formation of more ethnic and cultural identities rather than religious ideologies
    32. 32. Ethnic solidarity
    33. 33. Freedom from general German public</li></ul>Acculturation<br /><ul><li>Benefit from urbanization
    34. 34. Most Jews lived in urban areas, few in the country
    35. 35. “Threatened” German livelihoods</li></li></ul><li>Gemeinde<br /><ul><li>Means community in German
    36. 36. -organization unique to central Europe
    37. 37. focal point of Jewish life-centralized local Jewish activities
    38. 38. empowered by government to organize local Jewish affairs
    39. 39. ex: hired rabbis, religious functionaries, maintained and built synagogues, etc.
    40. 40. youth movements
    41. 41. Ex: Zionist groups, Jewish schools, fraternities, libraries, singing societies)</li></li></ul><li>Common Careers<br /><ul><li>Jews were prohibited from many professions
    42. 42. As a result, they concentrated in a small number of professions
    43. 43. Usually found in urban areas
    44. 44. Include: journalists, lawyers, doctors, or salesmen
    45. 45. Some were industrial workers, artisans or peddlers;
    46. 46. few Jews were unaffected by the mark's hyperinflation</li></li></ul><li>Synopsis<br /><ul><li>Christian-Jewish relationship underlying cause of Jewish persecution
    47. 47. Paradigm shift to anti-Semitism
    48. 48. Isolation allowed for freedom</li></li></ul><li>Questions?<br />Feel free to raise your hand and speak up.<br />

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