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Jews In Weimar Germany
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Jews In Weimar Germany

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For an HON 105 presentation. We've been covering Weimar Germany, and I figured that my group's assessment of Weimar society would be incomplete without a touching on the whole anti-Semitism concept.

For an HON 105 presentation. We've been covering Weimar Germany, and I figured that my group's assessment of Weimar society would be incomplete without a touching on the whole anti-Semitism concept.

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  • The MAJOR THEMES.
  • Transcript

    • 1. JEWS
      in the Weimar Republic
    • 2. Outline of Topics
      -A history: the Jewish-Christian relationship
      -Shifting 20th Century Ideologies
      -Separatism and Freedom
    • 3. Christian
      Indoctrination
      Roots
      of Antisemitism
    • 4. Beliefs of the Church
      • Jews were cursed or abandoned by God
      • 5. failed to recognize Jesus as the Messiah
      • 6. were responsible for his crucifixion
      • 7. are consequently no longer the "chosen people”
      • 8. accusations of Church fathers have been handed down from generation to generation
    • Formation of a Jewish Archetype
      • Propagation of Jews as sinners, blasphemers, demons, outcasts, depraved
      • 9. Archetype bleeds into popular culture
      • 10. Ahavser: wandering Jew who mocked Jesus
      • 11. several symbols in the public’s consciousness assume the stylized features of an Ahasver
      • 12. vampire, goat-hoofed devil, Satan with a tail
    • Resulting Christian Feelings
      • Jews were regarded by Christians as "irksome [and] intolerable”
      • 13. Many described feeling a "completely irrational aversion”
      • 14. Antagonistic Christian-Jew relationship has been passed down for centuries and cultivated since birth
    • Anti-Semitism
      Diverging Thought
    • 15. Progression towards Equality
      • ironically, the more rights they obtained, the more Jews conformed to popular social identity
      • 16. the more Jews conformed, the more unrest anti-Semites felt
      • 17. "the Jew who is unrecognizable–that is the dangerous Jew"
    • Isolation of Jews
      • Motivations:
      • 18. counteract increasing equality
      • 19. strengthen anti-Semitic relationship
      • 20. Modernization processes and emphasis on rationality caused Churches to lose power
      • 21. Reactionary: economic setbacks, political instability, more aggressive nationalism
      • 22. Attempts to stigmatize Jews:
      • 23. Satirical songs, jokes, and verses teaching Germans how to recognize Jews by their names
    • The Secular Jew
      • Movement from Anti-Judaism to Anti-Semitism
      • 24. Emphasis on Jews as a race with specific traits, rather than a religion with specific beliefs
      • 25. Isolation ideologies thus catalyze “annihilation” ideologies
    • The Newish Jewish Archetype
      • New words used by theologians, politicians, literary people, and publicists in Germany to describe Jews
      • 26. Parasites, degenerate, poison, bacilli, trichinas, rats, blowflies
      • 27. Implied Jewish “racial characteristics”
      • 28. Live at cost of others
      • 29. Uses flattery and submissiveness to profit
      • 30. Unproductive and lazy
    • From their perspective
      Isolation
      Advantage or Disadvantage?
    • 31. Views of Jews in Weimar
      Separatism
      • Formation of more ethnic and cultural identities rather than religious ideologies
      • 32. Ethnic solidarity
      • 33. Freedom from general German public
      Acculturation
      • Benefit from urbanization
      • 34. Most Jews lived in urban areas, few in the country
      • 35. “Threatened” German livelihoods
    • Gemeinde
      • Means community in German
      • 36. -organization unique to central Europe
      • 37. focal point of Jewish life-centralized local Jewish activities
      • 38. empowered by government to organize local Jewish affairs
      • 39. ex: hired rabbis, religious functionaries, maintained and built synagogues, etc.
      • 40. youth movements
      • 41. Ex: Zionist groups, Jewish schools, fraternities, libraries, singing societies)
    • Common Careers
      • Jews were prohibited from many professions
      • 42. As a result, they concentrated in a small number of professions
      • 43. Usually found in urban areas
      • 44. Include: journalists, lawyers, doctors, or salesmen
      • 45. Some were industrial workers, artisans or peddlers;
      • 46. few Jews were unaffected by the mark's hyperinflation
    • Synopsis
      • Christian-Jewish relationship underlying cause of Jewish persecution
      • 47. Paradigm shift to anti-Semitism
      • 48. Isolation allowed for freedom
    • Questions?
      Feel free to raise your hand and speak up.