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  • Add Picture to describe similaritiesChange picture if need to
  • Events surrounding cubism
  • Experimentation
  • Talk about specific influences
  • Ingres
  • Followed Picasso because of previous paintingTalk about cezanne
  • Dedication to Cezanne (refer to tabs)
  • Add Picture to describe similaritiesChange picture if need to
  • Apollinare (poet) and KahnweilerKaylaPut quote about mountineering, if it looks good,They did not put their signatures
  • Different Views between artists-Picasso believed in characteristics of humans-Braque saw (humans) as objects for compositionAlso talk about how they saw eachother everyday, oftentimes you could not tell the two artists’ paintings apart.
  • Picasso magnetized with attracting forces compelling elements of pictorial space to center of compositionBraque pulled apart and fragmentation
  • Refer to book: tabs on pages
  • High and low artCame from Analytical cubism-switched their views because analytical cubism was becoming too abstract, brought reality back into their paintings to assert that it is REALSIM Braque believed color and object were separate where Picasso did notOpposite of Analytical because it is more about the process of building the image up, instead of disecting the objectCollage and Papiercolles refer to notes about how people did not find it applicableBraque put a lot of emphasis on materials, and often mixed sand and other materials (sawdust ash tobacco) to create an interesting textureRejected photographic illusionism, put real life instead
  • First collageIm
  • First did paper sculptures to lead to papiercollesAddition of colorFirst papiercolle
  • AndreaNever believed in cubism hermeticism. (adherence to a belief)Believed he was a realist
  • More concrete (no longer experimentation)Talk about Metzinger and Gleize here , and how they first gained public acclaim for Cubism the movementThey were disciples of picasso and Braque…
  • Cubism most influential movement of 20th century

Cubism Presentation Cubism Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Cubism(1907-1914)By: Andrea Mathew, Angela Wang, Kayla Weber
  • Influenced by Previous Movements A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, Edouard Manet (Impressionism)
  • Influenced by Previous Movements The Joy of Life, Matisse (Fauvism)
  • Primitive ArtAfrican Mask Iberian stone carving
  • Paul Cézanne• “Treat nature in terms of the cylinder, the sphere and the cone.”• Avoiding depth• Multiple viewpoints• Different planes• Reducing forms
  • Mont Sainte-Victorie (1902)
  • Historical Contexts• “This strangeness was what we wanted to make people think about because we were quite aware that our world was becoming very strange and not exactly reassuring” – Picasso• Influence of WWI• Duration, Fourth Dimension, occult, alchemy, technological innovations
  • Characteristics• Emphasize the two dimensionality of the canvas• Untraditional perspective• Does not copy nature• Still Lifes• Type of realism• Overlapping planes
  • PabloPicasso(1881-1973)
  • Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907)
  • Trois Baigneuses Paul Cézanne
  • GeorgesBraque(1882-1963)
  • Houses atL’Estaque 1908
  • The Viaduct at LEstaque Road near LEstaque (1908) (1908)
  • Mont Sainte-Victorie (1902)
  • Partnership• Braque introduced to Picasso by Guillaume Apollinaire• Braque saw Les Demoiselles d’Avignon• Collaboration between 1908 and 1914• Visited each other’s studios and talked daily• Hard to tell some of their works apart
  • Man with Guitar (1911-1913)Pablo Picasso Georges Braque
  • Kahnweiler• Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler – German dealer and gallery owner• Key part in allowing Picasso and Braque to focus on their art Pablo Picasso Portrait of Monsieur Kahnweiler (1910)
  • Analytical Cubism• Varity in forms• Open angles• Center faded into background• Fragmentation• Various source of lighting• Few colors
  • TheMandolin Georges Braque 1909
  • Portrait ofAmbroise VollardPablo Picasso 1910
  • The Portuguese Georges Braque 1911
  • Synthetic Cubism• Incorporates everyday materials – Collage – Papiers collés• Reincorporates color• Built image up from new elements• Simple
  • Still-life with Chair-caning (1912) Pablo Picasso
  • Fruit Dish and Glass Georges Braque 1912
  • HarlequinPablo Picasso 1915
  • Breakup• Braque went to serve in WWI in 1914• Braque suffered head injury and was temporarily blind• Braque and Picasso never worked again
  • Juan Gris (1887-1927) Similarities to Founders• Worked with Kahnweiler• Used basic techniques of Cubism• Subject was still life• Went through all the stages of Cubism
  • Differences from Founders• Severe and Classical• More Theoretical• Light regains importance• Starting point of paintings were abstract compositions• Color had a descriptive role
  • A Pot ofGeraniums 1915
  • Salon Artists• Exhibited their works in the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d’ Automne• Fernand Léger, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Jean Metzinger, and Albert Gleizes• Du cubisme by Metzinger and Gleizes
  • Fernand Léger TheStairway 1913
  • Henri Le FauconnierThe Abundance 1910
  • Robert Delaunay The Eiffel Tower 1911
  • Jean MetzingerThe Blue Bird 1912-1913
  • Albert GleizesHarvest Threshing (1912)
  • AbstractionPiet Mondrian Broadway Boogie Woogie 1942-43
  • ExpressionismErnst Ludwig KirchnerStreet, Berlin 1913
  • Futurism Umberto BoccioniDynamism of a Human Body (1913)
  • Constructivism Vladimir TatlinMonument to theThird International 1919-20
  • Dada MarcelDuchampFountain 1917
  • Surrealism Salvador DalíThe Persistence of Memory (1931)
  • Precisionsim Charles Sheeler Water (1945)