3. Anthropology . a. any of the traditional divisions of humankind, the commonest being the Caucasian, Mongoloid, and Negro, characterized by supposedly distinctive and universal physical characteristics: no longer in technical use.
b. an arbitrary classification of modern humans, sometimes, esp. formerly, based on any or a combination of various physical characteristics, as skin color, facial form, or eye shape, and now frequently based on such genetic markers as blood groups.
c. a human population partially isolated reproductively from other populations, whose members share a greater degree of physical and genetic similarity with one another than with other humans.
4. a group of tribes or peoples forming an ethnic stock: the Slavic race.
5. any people united by common history, language, cultural traits, etc</li></li></ul><li>History <br />American people are mostly multi-ethnic descendents of various culturally distinct immigrant nationalities.<br />We are a country of “mutts”<br />
History<br />http://www.understandingrace.com/history/index.html<br />http://www.understandingrace.com/lived/game/index.html<br />Although we can celebrate the many victories that have faced our fight against discrimination, we still live in cities towns , communities and neighborhoods that are segregated by race. <br />What is race? <br />
Race<br />Race does not exist in nature.<br />Race is constructed by society.<br />Race is an indicator of differences, but there are no biological differences between us.<br />The primary indicator of race has primarily been skin color. “Whiteness gives us status.”<br />During the 1920’s not even the color of skin guaranteed whiteness – Japanese and Irish – “not white”. <br />
Reasons for Diversity<br />Immigration patterns<br />Interracial marriages increasing<br />US military presence in Asia<br />Most importantly Loving vs Virginia <br />
Loving vs Virginia<br />Mildred Jeter and Richard Loving were married in the District of Columbia.<br />They moved to Virginia and were charged for violating Virginia’s ban on interracial marriage.<br />The judge sentenced them to one year or suspended sentence if they left the state. He said, “ Almighty God created the races, white black, yellow , malay and red and he placed them on separate continents…the fact that He separated the races means He did not intend for them to mix.”<br />Supreme Court overturned the decision in 1967<br />
Thurgood Marshall<br />In 1967 Thurgood Marshall was only months away from appointment to the Supreme court when he suffered an indignity which today seems outrageous. He and his wife could not live in Virginia because he was black and she was Asian.<br />The supreme court struck down the anti-interracial laws in Virginia and 18 other states.<br />In 1967 these laws were not leftover scraps from an extinct era. A Gallop poll done in 1965 showed that 72 percent of Southern whites and 42 percent of Northern whites wanted to ban interracial marriages.<br />
Eldrick Woods and wife Kultida<br />Fast forward to more recent times and another black and Asian couple – <br />Their son is Tiger Woods.<br />He is black and Asian , but also Chinese, white and American Indian.<br />Tiger has refused to be labeled and has embraced his multiracial heritage.<br />
Census<br />The 2000 census over 6.8 million Americans marked an identification with two or more races.<br />The 2000 census was the first census to allow respondents to choose more than one race.<br />
2.4 percent of the United States is multiracial<br />Hawaii has the largest multiracial population. – 24.1 percent of its population.<br />Alaska is second with 5.4 percent.<br />The five least multiracial states are Mississippi, West Virginia, Maine, Alabama, and South Carolina. <br />All have multiracial populations less than 1 percent<br />
Barak Obama<br />Mother: English, German, Irish<br />Father: African<br />President of United States<br />
Hypodescent – or the one drop rule<br />In the past Americans uncomfortable with the idea that you can be more than one thing.<br />One drop rule was deeply ingrained in our society.<br />Obama has led to some frank discussions about race (see below)<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ehhxGC0cd4E<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BtWgl1qF3Y0<br />
Future projections<br />It is expected by 2050, the majority of the US population, nearly 75 million, will identify with more than one race.<br />Thirty years ago it was 1-100, today it is 1-20.<br />
What does it mean?<br />The multiracial individual is a visible indication of our country’s move towards acceptance not just tolerance.<br /> As we become more integrated as a society, discussions of race may become unnecessary. <br />Diversity is not only about race but experiencing various perspectives, values and the thoughts they bring with them.<br />
Ways to combat racism.<br />Face our reluctance to discuss race.<br />Realize that sometimes it isn’t what we say it is what we do not say. <br />Let children lead the way.<br />Confront stereotyping when it occurs.<br />Don’t wait for Heritage Days and History months.<br />Beyond Tolerance: Expecting Acceptance.<br />
When they asked –Arnold Arnaff<br />When they asked<br />If <br />I was Black or White<br />or what.<br />I said:<br />I was Black and White<br />and what<br />difference<br />did it make to them.<br />and they said:<br />did I have the answers<br /> to the math problems? <br />and I had the answers. <br />