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GHS presentation

  1. 1. An Overview of globally harmonized system(GHS)<br />TALON SAFETY, LLC<br />
  2. 2. Statement of Need(OSHA)<br />Multiple sets of requirements for labels and safety data sheets present a compliance burden for U.S. Manufacturers, distributors, and transporters.<br />Hazard information and worker safety will be enhanced, as the GHS will:<br /><ul><li>Provide consistent information and definitions for hazardous chemicals;
  3. 3. Address stakeholder concerns regarding the need for a standardized format for MSDS; and,
  4. 4. Increase understanding by using standardized pictograms and harmonized hazard statements.</li></ul>GHS will reduce confusion and thus reduce worker safety and health.<br />
  5. 5. Hazcom vs. GHS<br /> There are many differences in the Hazard Communication System (HCS/HAZCOM) and the Globally Harmonized System (GHS). <br /> It is recommended that you review the changes and the implementation as it specifically affects your organization. <br />
  6. 6. HAZCOM<br />Hazard Communication System<br />OSHA estimates:<br />7 million workplaces<br />100 million employees<br />945,000 hazardous chemical products<br />
  7. 7. GLOBALLY HARMONIZED SYSTEM<br />GHS –<br />Prepared and first implemented by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe in 2003<br />The third revision was published in July 2009<br />
  8. 8. GLOBALLY HARMONIZED SYSTEM<br />Implementation <br />Current status <br />NPRM Comment Period ended 12/29/2009<br />Hearing 03/31/2010<br />Post Hearing Comment period closed June 1, 2010<br />Estimated that a final rule will be issued within 18 months<br />Currently proposed 3 year implementation period to allow industry to change systems, labels, data sheets<br />
  9. 9. HAZCOM vs GHS<br />System differences<br />A revision to the criteria for the classification of chemical hazards<br />Changes in label requirements <br />Mandatory use of standardized signal words, pictograms, hazard statements & precautionary statements<br />A required format for Safety Data Sheets (SDS)<br />HAZCOM vs GHS<br />
  10. 10. HAZCOM vs GHS<br />New term definitions<br />Changes to employee training requirements<br />Additional OSHA standard modifications to be consistent with GHS<br />Flammable / Combustible liquids<br />Process Safety Management<br />Substance specific health standards<br />
  12. 12. HAZCOM vs. GHS <br />Chemical Identification - HCS<br />Manufacturers or importers must assess the hazard of chemicals they produce or import and provide information to their employees about the hazardous chemicals to which they are exposed.<br />Distributors must also transmit the required information to their employees.<br />Chemical Identification - GHS<br />In addition to the requirements of the HCS, GHS requires a harmonized criteria for classifying substances and mixtures according to their health, environmental and physical hazards.<br />Harmonized hazard communication elements, including requirements for labeling and safety data sheets<br />
  13. 13. HAZCOM vs. GHS<br />Chemical Identification - HCS<br />The HCS excludes certain hazardous materials covered by other regulatory statutes<br />Pesticides – FIFRA<br />Chemicals substances or mixtures covered by TSCA<br />Food, food additive, color additive, drug, cosmetic or medical / veterinary device covered by Federal Food, drug and Cosmetic Act or the Virus-Serum Toxin Act<br />Chemical Identification - GHS<br />The GHS covers all hazardous chemicals<br />Target audience includes consumers, workers, transport workers and emergency responders<br />There are no complete exemptions from the scope of the GHS for any particular product or chemical type.<br />
  14. 14. HAZCOM vs GHS<br />LABELING CHANGES<br />
  15. 15. HAZCOM vs GHS<br />Labeling System Changes<br />Hazardous materials are required to be labeled for transport, storage and usage within a facility<br />GHS calls for a harmonization in the labeling process to include standardized symbols and signal words<br />The changes are expected to be applied to the workplace and consumer products<br />Transport application changes are not expected to follow the GHS guidelines<br />The label format is being outlined so that information is in the same location on all labels.<br />
  16. 16. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Information from the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) /Purple Book<br />
  17. 17. HAZCOM vs GHS<br />Signal Words / Hazard Pictograms<br />danger<br />Warning<br />
  18. 18. HAZCOM vs GHS<br />Signal Words<br />The words “Danger” and “Warning” are being used as signal words to emphasize the hazard and indicate the relative level of the severity of the hazard as assigned by a GHS hazard class and category<br />Danger – For more “severe” hazards<br />Warning – For less “severe” hazards<br />
  19. 19. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Hazard Pictograms<br />Standardized pictograms are intended to convey the hazard through common pictures<br />The pictograms for non-transport will be red bordered with white backgrounds and black symbols<br />For transport, the pictograms will follow the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations and will have color as we currently recognize<br />If the transport pictogram is present, there is not a requirement to place the GHS Hazard Pictogram<br />Just like the current requirement for hazard communication on workplace bottles/containers, the GHS label should be affixed<br />
  20. 20. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Examples of GHS Pictograms<br />Information from the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) /Purple Book<br />
  21. 21. Hazcom vs. ghs<br />Examples of Transport Pictograms<br />Information from Globally Harmonized System (GHS) /Purple Book<br />
  22. 22. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Hazard & Precautionary <br />Statements<br />
  23. 23. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Hazard & Precautionary Statements<br />Hazard statements have been standardized and given phrases that describe the hazard(s) as found in the hazard classification<br />If there is more than one hazard, then the appropriate hazard statement should be included for all identified hazards<br />
  24. 24. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Pictograms, Signal Words and Hazard Statements<br />
  25. 25. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />
  26. 26. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />Under GHS, (Material) Safety Data Sheets (SDS) will be in a common format for all materials which require a SDS<br />The format is intended to provide an easier to read document and allow for quicker identification of hazards and dangers of a product<br />The SDS should contain 16 headings and is derived as a combination of document formats from<br />ISO – International Organization of Standardization<br />EU – European Union<br />ANSI – American National Standards Institute<br />
  27. 27. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />The minimum recommended information includes:<br />Section 1 – Identification of the substance or mixture and the supplier<br />GHS Product Identifier<br />Recommended uses<br />Supplier details (address, phone number)<br />Emergency phone numbers<br />Section 2 – Hazard identification<br />GHS classification of the substance/mixture<br />GHS label elements (precautionary statements, hazard symbols)<br />Other hazards not classified by GHS (ie dust explosion hazard)<br />
  28. 28. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />The minimum recommended information includes:<br />Section 3 – Composition / Ingredients<br />Chemical Identity – common name, synonyms, CAS number, impurities/stablizers, concentrations or concentration ranges<br />Section 4 – First Aid<br />First aid measures based on the different routes of exposure, most important symptoms/effects, indication of immediate medical attention if necessary<br />Section 5 – Firefighting<br />Suitable / unsuitable extinguishing media<br />Special protective equipment and precautions for firefighters<br />
  29. 29. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />The minimum recommended information includes:<br />Section 6 – Accidental Release<br />Personal precautions, environmental precautions and containment / cleanup materials and methods<br />Section 7 – Handling and Storage<br />Precautions for safe handling<br />Conditions for safe storage<br />Section 8 - Exposure controls<br />Control parameters, engineering controls and individual protective measures – PPE<br />
  30. 30. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />The minimum recommended information includes:<br />Section 9 – Physical / Chemical Properties<br />Properties about the material (e.g. state, appearance, odor, pH, flash point, vapor density, etc)<br />Section 10 – Stability / Reactivity<br />Chemical stability, reaction possibilities, conditions to avoid, incompatibilities, decomposition products<br />Section 11 – Toxicological Information<br />Likely routes of exposure<br />Symptoms associated with physical, chemical and toxicological characteristics<br />Numerical measures of toxicity<br />
  31. 31. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />The minimum recommended information includes:<br />Section 12 – Ecological Information<br />Aquatic / Soil Toxicity<br />Persistence and degradability<br />Bioaccumulation potential<br />Section 13 – Disposal<br />Recommended disposal methods<br />Section 14 – Transportation<br />UN Number, Proper Shipping Name, Hazard Class, Packing Group<br />Marine Pollutant (Yes/No)<br />Special Precautions<br />
  32. 32. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />The minimum recommended information includes:<br />Section 15 – Regulatory Information<br />Regulatory bodies that govern the chemical / mixtures (e.g. SARA, TCSC, FIFRA)<br />Section 16 – Other Information<br />Preparation and revisions on SDS should be in this section<br />
  33. 33. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Safety Data Sheets<br />With uniform data fields and common terminology, information can easily be found on the sheets<br />Worker understanding of the dangers will also be easier to define<br />
  34. 34. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Terms & Definitions<br />
  35. 35. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Terms / Definitions<br />Common terminology will require all systems (OSHA, EPA, EU, DOT, Canadian, etc) to adopt some changes in order to meet the harmonized goal of the GHS<br />Examples of changes / revisions on terminology for common reference<br />Gas – substance / mixture which at 50oC has a vapor pressure greater than 300kPa<br />Liquid – substance/mixture that is not a gas and has a melting point of 20oC or less at standard pressure<br />Solid – substance/mixture that does not meet the definitions of a liquid or a gas<br />
  36. 36. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Examples of changes in standards for consistency<br />Flammable / Combustible liquids<br />For the purpose of classifying liquids, under the GHS system any liquid that has a flashpoint of not more than 93oC (200oF) is considered a flammable liquid<br />Four categories will be used based on the flash point and boiling point of a liquid<br />1 = Flash point < 23oC (73.4oF) and initial boiling point < 35oC (95oF)<br />2 = Flash point < 23oC (73.4oF) and initial boiling point >35oC (95oF)<br />3 = Flash point > 23oC (73.4oF) and < 60oC (140oF)<br />4 = Flash point > 60oC (140oF) and < 93oC (200oF) – Current combustible liquid range<br />
  37. 37. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Examples of changes in standards for consistency<br />Process Safety Management<br />For consistency within the GHS program, OSHA is looking at modifications to the PSM program<br />Clear differentiation between the process tanks and storage tanks<br />Changes to the toxicity classifications under GHS will affect the PSM standards<br />
  38. 38. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Training<br />Under the current hazard communication system, employers are required to train employees on the hazard associated with products<br />Right-to-Know stations must be provided<br />GHS does not change this requirement and stresses the importance of training for employees<br />The GHS harmonization with labels / SDS /terminology is intended to make training easier for all<br />
  39. 39. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />What can you do to prepare?<br />Final regulatory approval appears to be forth coming with a several year implementation period<br />Companies can begin obtaining the warning labels that are part of the GHS system now for training and understanding<br />Implement usage of the new labels in a phased approach based on the current standards<br />Conduct training sessions with workforce in short “coffee break” times that will introduce the new system<br />
  40. 40. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />What can you do to prepare and create harmony?<br />If you prepare MSDS sheets (current term)<br />Begin referring to the document as a Safety Data Sheet (SDS)<br />Re-format your SDS to match the GHS format<br />Provide training on the new format to employees<br />For MSDS sheets you receive<br />Ask suppliers if they can provide in the new format<br />Right-to-Know Stations<br />Update stations with new SDS and advise employees<br />
  41. 41. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />What can you do to prepare and create harmony?<br />Display posters / sheets showing the new labeling in the workplace to begin familiarization by employees<br />Show the correlation between current systems and the new system<br />Provide information for employees to ask/answer questions<br />
  42. 42. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />GHS Reference<br />A Guide to The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)<br /><br />
  43. 43. HAZCOM vs GHS <br />Questions?<br />