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Синтагматическая семасиология.

Синтагматическая семасиология.

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  • 1. СИНТАГМАТИЧЕСКАЯСЕМАСИОЛОГИЯД. Атемасова, Г. Запаренко741 гр.
  • 2. 3 ТИПА СООТНОШЕНИЯ ЗНАЧЕНИЙ:Фигурысовмещения(Figures ofCooccurance)Фигуры речи(Figures ofSpeech)Фигурытождества(Figures ofIdentity)Фигурынеравенства(Figures ofInequality)Фигурыпротивоположности(Figures of Contrast)СоотношениепротивоположныхзначенийСоотношениетождественныхзначенийСоотношениеразличающихсязначений
  • 3. ФИГУРЫ РЕЧИ (FIGURES OF SPEECH)Фигуры тождестваФигуры неравенстваФигурыпротивоположности
  • 4. ФИГУРЫ ТОЖДЕСТВА :(FIGURES OF IDENTITY) Сравнение Синонимы-заменители
  • 5. СРАВНЕНИЕ (SIMILE) My face looks like a wedding-cake left outin the rain. Good coffee is like friendship: rich andwarm and strong. She dealt with moral problems as a cleaverdeals with meat.
  • 6. СИНОНИМЫ-ЗАМЕНИТЕЛИ(SYNONYM REPLACEMENTS) He brought home numberless prizes. He toldhis mother countless stories every night abouthis school companions. She told his name to the trees. She whispered itto the flowers. She breathed it to the birds.
  • 7. ФИГУРЫ НЕРАВЕНСТВА:(FIGURES OF INEQUALITY) Синонимы-уточнители Нарастание Разрядка Каламбур Зевгма
  • 8. СИНОНИМЫ-УТОЧНИТЕЛИ(SPECIFYING OR CLARIFYING SYNONYMS) Relax? I cant relax! Nor can I yield, relent,or . . . Only two synonyms? Oh my! Imlosing my perspicacity! Miss Tox escorted a plump, rosy-cheeked,wholesome, apple-faced young woman.
  • 9. НАРАСТАНИЕ(GRADATION, CLIMAX) I am sorry, I am so very sorry, I am so extremelysorry. What difference if it rained, hailed, blew, snowed,cycloned? I am the way, the truth, and the life.
  • 10. РАЗРЯДКА (ANTICLIMAX) The holy passion of Friendship is of so sweet and steadyand loyal and enduring a nature that it will last through awhole lifetime, if not asked to lend money. The Grand Tour has been a tradition of newly richcountries ever since young British aristocrats took to theContinent in the eighteenth century, picking uplanguages, antiques, and venereal disease. Not only is there no God, but try getting a plumber onweekends.
  • 11. КАЛАМБУР (PUN) A boy answers the phone. The caller asks, "Whereare your parents?""They aint here!""Come on, son. Wheres your grammar?""My gramma aint here neither. Shes gone tochurch!“ Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana.
  • 12. ЗЕВГМА (ZEUGMA) She arrived in a taxi and a flaming rage. He carried a strobe light and the responsibility forthe lives of his men. She lowered her standards by raising her glass,her courage, her eyes and his hopes.
  • 13. ФИГУРЫ ПРОТИВОПОЛОЖНОСТИ:(FIGURES OF CONTRAST) Оксюморон Антитеза
  • 14. ОКСЮМОРОН(OXYMORON) oxymoronic expressions: act naturally, randomorder, original copy, criminal justice, old news, awfulgood, student teacher, deafening silence, definitepossibility, terribly pleased, ill health, loose tights,small crowd, clearly misunderstood. How is it possible to have a civil war? The best cure for insomnia is to get a lot of sleep. A yawn may be defined as a silent yell.
  • 15. АНТИТЕЗА (ANTITHESIS) Love is an ideal thing, marriage a real thing. We must learn to live together as brothers orperish together as fools.
  • 16.  The book has a power, so to speak, a veryexceptional power; in fact, one may saywithout exaggeration it is the most powerfulbook of the month. ‘Did you hit a woman with a child?’’No, sir! I hit her with a brick!’ We were partners, not soul mates, twoseparate people who happened to besharing a menu and a life.
  • 17.  The more acute the experience, the lessarticulate its expression. When he lifted me up in his arms I felt I hadleft all my troubles on the floor beneath melike gigantic concrete shoes. He has seen the ravages of war, he hasknown natural catastrophes, he has been tosingles bars. We have to believe in free will. We have nochoice.