生存汉语 _Survival Chinese_ Module 2 _ 2009年 4月

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生存汉语 _Survival Chinese_ Module 2 _ 2009年 4月

STFP Chinese language training 2009 in Beiwai University, Beijing

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生存汉语 _Survival Chinese_ Module 2 _ 2009年 4月

  1. 1. www.stfpchina.ning.com Module Two Recent Situation and Feeling ●Learning Goals ⊙ Can ask and describe present or recent job and life ⊙ Can describe his/her feeling; ⊙ Can use polite forms of greeting and address
  2. 2. Unit One Key Sentences Nĭ zuìjìn máng ma? Have you been busy recently? Zuìjìn shēntĭ zĕnmeyàng? Have are you recently? Lăo Lĭ shēntĭ hĕn hăo. Lao Li is healthy. Dialogues
  3. 3. ( Wáng Píng and Lĭ Huá meet again at the university.) : , ! Wáng: Nĭ zăo, lăo Lĭ! : , ! Lĭ: Nĭ zăo, lăo Wáng! : ? Wáng: Zuìjìn shēntĭ hăo ma? : , ? Lĭ: Hĕn hăo, nĭ ne? : Wáng: Yĕ hĕn hăo. : ? Lĭ: Gōngzuò máng ma? : , ? Wáng: Hĕn máng, nĭ ne? : Lĭ: Wŏ bú tài máng. New Words and Expressions zăo early; good morning (in here) 1. lăo old 2. zuìjìn recently, lately 3. shēntĭ body 4. hĕn very 5. gōngzuò work 6. máng busy 7. tài too 8.
  4. 4. Grammar and Notes Sentences with adjectival predicate 1. Affirmative form: S………………(adv)…………Adj. Wǒ hěn mánɡ Tā shēn tǐ hěn hǎo 2. Negative form: S………………(adv)…………Adj. Xuéshenɡ bú duō wǒmen bù mánɡ Note: 1 Adjectives are used independently as the predicate in the sentence with an adjectival predicate. The verb “shì (to be)” is not needed. 2 The negative form of a sentence with an adjectival predicate is made by placing the negative adverb “bù” before the predicate
  5. 5. adjective. It is wrong to put “bú shì” between the subject and the predicate adjective, therefore, we can never say: * Gōnɡzuò bú shì mánɡ * Shēntǐ bú shì hǎo Exercises 1. Answer the following questions please: 1 Nĭ shēntĭ hăo ma? 2 Nĭ gōngzuò máng ma? 2. Pronunciation exercise 1) Listen and repeat. ao: tā hěn zǎo tā hěn lǎo ang: wǒ bù mánɡ tā bú xìnɡ wánɡ 2) Fill in the blanks with the number of the words you hear. ao en ang
  6. 6. 3. Complete the following dialogues 1) A: Nĭ hăo ma? B: ___________________, nĭ ne? 2) A: Nĭmen gōngzuò máng ma? B: ___________________, nĭ ne? A: ___________________. 4. You haven’t seen your friend for a long time, please say hello to him/her. Daily Expressions Identifying 1.A:Zhè / nà shì shénme? A: What’s this/that? B: It’s a book. Objects B: Zhè / nà shìyì běn shū. A: Is this your dictionary? 2.A: Zhè shì nǐ de cídiǎn mɑ? B: No, it isn’t. / B: Bú, bú shì wǒ de . / Yes, it is. Shì de, shì wǒ de . A: Whose book is this/that? 3.A: Nà shì shuí de shū? B: It’s mine. B: Shì wǒ de. What do you call this in Chinese? 4. Zhè ɡe yònɡ hànyǔ zěnme shuō?
  7. 7. Unit Two Key Sentences Zuìjìn xuéxí zĕnmeyàng? How about your studies recently? Xuéxí búcuò. The studies are pretty good. Kètí duō bu duō? Do you have many research projects? Dialogues Zhang Ming meets one of his former teachers Professor Gao at a seminar. They haven’t seen each other for years. : , ! Zhāng: Gāo jiàoshòu, nĭn hăo! Gāo: Zhāng Mínɡ, nĭ hăo! : , ! : Zhāng: Nín zuìjìn shēntǐ hǎo mɑ : Gāo: Hĕn hăo. Nĭ ne, Zuìjìn xuéxí zĕnmeyàng? ? : Zhāng: Xuéxí búcuò. : ? Gāo: Kètí duō bù duō? : Zhāng: Kètí bù shăo.
  8. 8. New Words and Expressions jiàoshòu professor 1. xuéxí studies 2. zĕnmeyàng how about, what’s it like 3. bùcuò pretty good, not bad 4. kètí research project 5. duō many, much 6. shăo few, little 7. Proper Nouns 1. Gāo a Chinese surname 2. Zhāng a Chinese surname
  9. 9. Grammar and Notes Questions 1 with “ ma”: S…………(adv)…Adj.………………ma? Nĭ mánɡ ma? Xuéxí hǎo ma? Gōnɡzuò bù duō mɑ? 2 Affirmative- negative question: S……………Adj.…………bù…………Adj.? Kètí duō bù duō? Shēntǐ hǎo bù hǎo? Gōnɡzuò mánɡ mánɡ? bu
  10. 10. Exercises 1. Substitution drills: Zuìjìn xuéxí zĕnmeyàng? A. Xuéxí búcuò. B. How many words can you tell that can be used in this structure? shēntĭ gōngzuò…… 2. Change the following statements into alternative questions, then answer them: 1. Zuìjìn wŏmen hĕn máng. 2. Wáng xiānsheng de shēntĭ bú tài hăo. 3. Jiàoshòu de kè tí hĕn duō.
  11. 11. 3. Suppose your desk-mate was a professor of the university where you studied before. When you see him again, what do you two say? Daily Expressions Language 1.A: Nǐ huì shuō yīnɡyǔ mɑ? A: Do you speak English? B: Huì shuō yìdiǎn. B: Yes, a little. Learning 2. Nǐ xué hànyǔ duōjiǔ le? How long have you studied Chinese? 3. Tā hànyǔ hěn liúlì. He speaks Chinese fluently. 4. Nǐ de hànyǔ/ fāyīn hěn hǎo. Your Chinese /pronunciation is very good.
  12. 12. Unit Three Key Sentences Nĭ lèi bú lèi? Are you tired? Wŏ yòu kĕ yòu è. I was thirsty and tired. Dialogues (Little Zhang, Little Liu and Little Wang have just finished doing sports. ! Xiăo Zhāng: Tiānqì zhēn rè! Nĭmen lèi bú lèi? ? Xiăo Liú: Wŏ bú lèi, kĕshì hěn kĕ. Xiăo Wáng: Wŏ bù kĕ, kĕshì yòu lèi yòu è. Xiăo Zhāng: Wŏ yĕ fēicháng è, wŏmen xiànzài qù chī fàn, hăo ma? Xiăo Liú, xiăo Wáng: Hăo.
  13. 13. New Words and Expressions xiăo small; little 1. tiānqì weather 2. zhēn really 3. rè hot 4. lèi tired 5. kĕshì but 6. kĕ thirsty 7. y u…yòu… both…and… 8. fēicháng ) very 9. è hungry 10. xiànzài now, at present 11. qù go, leave 12. chī eat, take 13. fàn meal, cooked rice 14.
  14. 14. Grammar and Notes Notes: 1. The adverb “hĕn” is often put before the adjective in the affirmative form. Here “hĕn” does not express an obvious degree and the sentence stress falls on the adjective rather than “hĕn”. 2. Adverbs “fēicháng, tài, zhēn” etc. are also used as adverbial adjuncts before predicate adjectives. Wŏ xiànzài fēicháng è. Wŏmen bú tài lèi Tiānqì zhēn rè! Exercises 1. Substitution drills: Wŏ yòu lèi yòu è. kĕ è
  15. 15. rè lèi lèi kùn (sleepy) 2. Speak out the questions for the following replies: 1) A: _______________________? B: Wŏ hĕn kĕ. 2) A: _______________________? B: Wŏ bú lèi. 3) A: _______________________? B: Xiăo Wáng yòu lèi yòu è. 3. It is rather hot today. Your friend comes to your house, please ask him whether he needs rest or water.
  16. 16. Daily Expressions 1. Zhè (ɡè) duōshǎo qián Shopping How much is this? A: How much is a jin of XX? 2. A: XX duōshǎo qián yì jīn? B: Five yuan a jin. B: XX wǔ kuài yì jīn. A: How much would you like? 3. A: Nǐ yào jǐ / duōshǎo jīn/ɡè? B: …… jin/ge, please. B: Wǒ yào … … jīn / ɡè. A: What else do you want? 4. A: Hái yào biéde mɑ? B: I want to busy some XX. B: Wǒ hái yào XX. It’s too expensive. Can you come down 5. (Zhè…) tài ɡuì le. Kéyǐ piányi diǎn a bit? mɑ May I have a look at ……?/ 6. Wǒ nénɡ kànkɑn zhè…mɑ / try it on? shìshì mɑ L/M/S size, please. 7. Wǒ chuān (dà/zhōnɡ/xiǎo) hào de. I’ll take it. 8. Wǒ mǎi ( yào) le. Where’s the cashier? 9. Zài nǎr fùqián How much do I owe you? 10. (Wǒ ɡāi ɡěi nǐ) duōshǎo qián
  17. 17. Unit Four Key Sentences Lao Wang shēntǐ yě hěn hǎo. Lao Wang is very healthy, too. Zhang jiàoshòu hěn ɡāo xìnɡ. Professor Zhang is very happy. Wŏmen yě dōu bú tài mánɡ. We are not busy, either. Text 1 , Lăo Lĭ shēntĭ hĕn hăo, Lăo Wáng shēntĭ yĕ hĕn hăo. Lăo Wáng hĕn , máng, lăo Lĭ bú tài máng. Qīnɡnián xuézhě de lùnwén hěn 2 , duō, zhìliànɡ yě bú cuò, Zhāng , jiàoshòu hĕn gāoxìng. 3 Tiānqì hĕn rè, xiăo Zhāng hĕn è, xiăo Wáng yě hěn è, tāmen hé xiǎo Liú dōu qù fàndiàn chī fàn. New Words and Expressions qīn nián youth 1. xuézhě scholar 2. lùnwén thesis 3.
  18. 18. zhìliàn quality 4. gāoxìng glad 5. fàndiàn restaurant 6. Exercises 1. Substitution drills: Fàndiàn de kèren hĕn duō. zhēn fēicháng bù bú tài 2. Listen to the tape, find out the sentences you hear and put the numbers in the blanks before it please: ( ) Nĭ zuìjìn máng ma? Have you been busy recently? ( ) Lăo Lĭ shēntĭ hĕn hăo. Lao Li is healthy. ( ) Nĭ lèi bú lèi? Are you tired or not? ( ) Wŏ yòu lèi yòu kĕ. I am tired and thirsty. ( ) Zuìjìn shēntĭ zĕnmeyàng? How are you recently?
  19. 19. 3. Please describe the following picture in Chinese. Daily Expressions 1.A: Nǐ xiǎnɡ chī(diǎn) shénme? In The A: What would you like to eat (order)? B: Wǒ yào niúròu hé mǐfàn. B: I’d like some beef and rice. Restaurant 2.A: Hē diǎn shénme A: Anything to drink? B: Qǐnɡ lái yì pínɡ kékǒukělè/ B: A bottle of cocacola/ yì bēi chá A cup of tea, please. 3. Fúwùyuán, diǎn cài Waiter/Waitress, order, please. 4. Nǐmen yǒu XXX cài mɑ Do you have XXX (dish)? 5. (Qǐnɡ) mǎi dān. Bring me the bill please. 6. Wǒ nénɡ yònɡ xìnyònɡkǎ mɑ? Can I pay by check or credit card?
  20. 20. Unit Five Dialogues (Jack and Anne met one of their former teachers Professor Zhang after they finished doing sports.) : ! Jiékè: Nĭ n zăo! : Ānní: Lǎoshī zǎo : Zhāng: Nǐmen zǎo : ? Jiékè: Lǎoshī zuìjìn shēntĭ ma? : Zhāng: Hěn hăo xièxie : Ānní: Nĭ n gōngzuò máng ma? Zhāng: Zuìjìn hěn máng. Xiànɡmù bùshǎo. : Nǐmen ne? : Jiékè: Wŏ bú tài máng zuìjìn shíyàn bù duō. : ? Zhāng: Ānní nǐ ne? Lùnwén : zěnmeyànɡ : Ānní: Zīliào hěn duō jìnzhǎn búcuò. : ? Zhāng: Nà tài hǎo le Jiékè: Lǎoshī nĭn lèi bú lèi?
  21. 21. : Zhāng: Wŏ bú lèi, kĕshì hěn kĕ. Ānní: Wǒ yě yòu kě yòu lèi. Wǒmen : xiànzài qù mǎi shuǐ, hǎo mɑ Zhāng, Jiékè: Hǎo. New Words and Expressions xiànɡmù project 1. sh í y à n experiment 2. zīliào data, material 3. jìnzhǎn progress 4. Exercises 1. Put the Pinyin and Chinese characters into right pairs: ɡāoxìnɡ mánɡ kě fàndiàn jìnzhǎn shíyàn ɡōnɡzuò tiānqì fēichánɡ zhēn
  22. 22. lèi shēntǐ 2. Substitution drills: 1. Lǎoshī shēntǐ hěn hǎo. ɡōnɡzuò fēichánɡ mánɡ shíyàn zhēn búcuò zīliào tài duō 2. wǒ de shēn tǐ ɡōnɡzuò tā nǐmen lùnwén xuéshenɡ shíyàn
  23. 23. 3. Nǐ shēntǐ zěnmeyànɡ ɡōnɡzuò shíyàn xué xí 3. Complete the following dialogues: 1. A: _____________________? B: Jìnzhǎn búcuò. 2. A: Nĭmen dōu lèi ma? B: Bù,_____________________, kĕshì, ______________. 3. A: _____________________? B: Tā yòu lèi yòu è. 4. Make sentences by rearranging the given words: 1. dōu máng fēicháng xuéshengmen 2. de wŏmen shì Wáng jiàoshòu lǎoshī 3. yòu lăoshī lèi kĕ yòu
  24. 24. 4. shēntĭ tā búcuò zhēn 5. Ask questions using “zĕnmeyàng ” based on the following sentences: Wŏ shēntĭ hĕn hăo. 1. Tiānqì hĕn rè. 2. Lùnwén de zhìliànɡ bú tài hăo 3. 4. Zhè wèi lǎoshī fēicháng hăo. 5. Nà wèi wàiguó jiàoshòu zhēn búcuò. 6. Practice: When your Chinese friend goes to your dorm, please greet him in Chinese using what we learned in this lesson. Additional New words and Expressions lĕng cold 1. nánguò sad 2.
  25. 25. kùn sleepy 3. ( ) fànguănr (small ) restaurant 4. zăoshang early morning 5. wănshang evening 6. Zăoshang hăo! Good morning! Wănshang hăo! Good evening! 7. shàngwǔ morning 8. xiàwǔ afternoon Daily Expressions 1. Wǒ juéde bú tài shūfu. I don’t feel very well. 2. Wǒ bìnɡ le / tóu hěn t nɡ. Sickness I’m sick. / I got a bad headache. 3. Wǒ ɡǎnmào le, yóudiǎnr fāshāo. I caught a cold and had a fever. / 4. Wǒ xiànzài hǎo duō le / I feel much better now. / tuì shāo le. My fever is gone. 5. Zhèr liúxuè le! It’s bleeding here. 6. Kuài dǎ diànhuà zhǎo yīshenɡ! Call the doctor! 7.Wǒ yào dǎzhēn mɑ Do I need an injection? 8. Chī liǎnɡ piàn yào, Take two pills and hǎohǎo xiūxi yí xià have a good rest. www.euchinastf.eu www.stfpchina.ning.com

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