生存汉语 _ Survival Chinese _ Module 1 _ 2009年 4月

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生存汉语 _ Survival Chinese _ Module 1 _ 2009年 4月

STFP Chinese language training 2009 in Beiwai University, Beijing

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生存汉语 _ Survival Chinese _ Module 1 _ 2009年 4月

  1. 1. www.euchinastf.eu www.stfpchina.ning.com Module One Greetings and Introduction ●Learning Goals ⊙ Can understand and use everyday greetings ⊙ Can do brief introductions ⊙ Can ask and tell personal identification 1
  2. 2. Unit One Key Sentences Nín hǎo! Hello! Qĭng wèn, nĭ shì XXX ma? Please let me ask, are you XXX? Wŏ shì XXX. I’m XXX. Dialogues Wáng Píng meets Lĭ Huá for the first time at the university. : , ? Wáng: Qĭng wèn, nín shì Lĭ lăoshī ma? : , ? Lĭ: Shì, wŏ shì Lĭ Huá, nín shì......? : Wáng: Wŏ shì Wáng Píng. : , ! Lĭ: Nín hăo, Wáng xiānsheng! : , ! Wáng: Lĭ lăoshī, nín hăo! 2
  3. 3. New Words and Expressions 1. qĭng please, request, invite 2. wèn ask, inquire qĭng wèn May I ask.; Please tell me… 3. nín you (polite form) 4. shì to be 5. lăoshī teacher 6. ma yes-no, question particle 7. wŏ I, me 8. hăo good, well, fine, all right 9. xiānsheng Mr., gentleman, sir, husband 10. nǚshì Ms., lady, madam Proper Nouns Lĭ a Chinese surname 1. Lĭ Huá name of a person 2. Wáng Píng name of a person 3. Wáng a Chinese surname 4. 3
  4. 4. Grammar and Notes 1. Affirmative form S(subject)……(adv)……shì……O(object) Tā shì lǎoshī Wǒmen dōu shì xuésheng Nǐmen dōu shì lǎoshī Note: Chinese verb “shì” is not like the English verb “to be”. It remains unchanged in form under any circumstances and undergoes no morphological changes of time, aspect, person, gender or number. 2.Questions 1 With“ ma”: S … shì … …O ……ma? A: Nǐ shì lǎo shī ma B: Shì wǒ shì lǎo shī 4
  5. 5. Exercises 1. Substitution drills A: Nín shì Lĭ lăoshī ma? Lĭ Huá Wáng xiānsheng Wáng Píng B Shì, wŏ shì Lĭ Píng. Lĭ Huá Wáng Huá Wáng Píng Nĭ hăo, Wáng xiānsheng ! Lĭ xiānsheng Wáng lăoshī Lĭ lăoshī Wáng Píng 5
  6. 6. 2. Pronunciation exercise 1) Listen and repeat. i: nǐ lǐ ao: nǐhǎo lǎoshī ian: xiānsheng 2) Fill in the blanks with the number of the words you hear. i ao ian 3. Complete the following dialogues (1) A: Qĭng wèn, nín shì Wáng nǚshì ma? B: _________________________. (2) A: ? B: Shì, wŏ shì Wáng Píng. 4. Practise the sentences you learned in this unit with the participants in other classes. Daily Expressions Nǐ Hǎo! Hello! / Hi! /How do you do? Greetings Zǎo Shang/XiàWǔ/Wǎnshang Good morning / afternoon / evening! Hǎo! A: How are you? A: Nǐ hǎo ma? B: Fine, thanks. B: Hěn hǎo, Xièxie. 6
  7. 7. Unit Two Key Sentences Qĭng wèn, nĭ shì xuésheng ma? Please let me ask, are you a student? Nĭmen shì bu shì xuésheng ? Are you students? Wŏ bú shì xuésheng. I’m not a student. wŏ jiào Jiékè. My name is Jack. Dialogues Wáng Píng meets Jack and Anne for the first time at the university. : Ānní: Nĭ hăo! Nĭ shì xuésheng ma? : Jiékè: Shì, wŏ shì xuésheng, wŏ jiào Jiékè, Wŏ shì Yīngguó rén. Nĭ ne? : Ānní: Wŏ yĕ shì xuésheng, wŏ jiào Ānní, wŏ shì Făguó rén. : ? Wáng Píng: Nĭmen shì bu shì xuésheng ? : , Jiékè: Shì, wŏmen dōu shì liúxuéshēng. Nĭ ne? Nĭ yĕ shì ? ? xuésheng ma? : , Wáng Píng: Bù, wŏ bú shì xuésheng. : ? Ānní: Nĭ shì lăoshī ma ? : , Wáng Píng: Wŏ yĕ bú shì lăoshī, wŏ shì gōngchéngshī. 7
  8. 8. New Words and Expressions nǐ you (single form) 1. xuésheng student 2. jiào call, be called, be named 3. Wŏ jiào … My name is … rén person, people, human being 4. ne particle for follow-up question 5. yĕ also, too 6. 7. nĭmen you (plural form) 8. bù not 9. wŏmen we, us 10. dōu all 11. liúxuéshēng foreign student gōngchéngshī enginee 12. 13. 8
  9. 9. Proper Nouns Ānní Anne (name of a person) 1. Jiékè Jack (name of a person) 2. Yīngguó UK 3. Făguó France 4. Grammar and Notes 1. Negative form: S……(adv)…… bú shì… …O Wǒ bú shì Yīngguó rén Tā yě bú shì lǎoshī Wǒmen dōu búshì gōngchéngshī Note: The negative form of the verb “shì” must be “bú shì” with the negative adverb “bù” placed before “shì”. The form “shì bù” does not exist in Chinese. 9
  10. 10. 2. Affirmative-negative question: S …… shì-bu-shì O A Tāmen shì bu shì lǎoshī B Shì tāmen dōu shì lǎoshī Bù tāmen dōu bú shì lǎoshī Exercises 1. Answer the following questions Nĭ shì xuésheng ma? Nĭ shì Yīngguó rén ma? 2. Introduce yourself following the expressions given: Wŏ shì xuésheng, wŏ jiào Jiékè, wŏ shì Yīngguó rén, nĭ ne? 10
  11. 11. 3. Read the following sentences and pay attention to the tone changes of “Bù” please: Wáng lǎoshī bú shì Wāng lǎoshī. Wǒ shì gōngchéng shī, bú shì lǎoshī. ——How many sentences can you make with “bú shì”? 4. Complete the following dialogues 1 A: ______________? B: Wŏ shì xuésheng. 2 A: Wŏmen dōu shì liúxuéshēng, nĭ ne? B: _____________________________. 5. Use the sentences you learned in this unit to ask your classmates about their profession and nationality. Daily Expressions Bàoqiàn. Excuse me. Excuse A: Duìbuqǐ A: I’m Sorry. B: Méi guānxi B: It doesn’t matter. Duì buqǐ, wǒ bù zhīdào. Sorry, I don’t know. wǒ bù dǒng. I don’t understand. 11
  12. 12. Unit Three Key Sentences Wŏ shì Bĕijīng rén I’m from Beijing. Wǒ àiren yě shì lǎoshī My wife is also a teacher. Nǐ shì Shànghǎi rén ba Are you from Shanghai? Dialogues Wáng Píng and Lĭ Huá are talking about the hometown. : , ? Wáng: Lĭ lăoshī, nín hăoxiàng shì Bĕijīng rén ba ? : , ? Lĭ: Duì, wŏ shì Bĕijīng rén, nĭ ne? Nĭ shì shénme dìfang rén? ? : Wáng: Wŏ shì Shànghăi rén. : ? Lĭ: Shì ma? Wŏ àiren yĕ shì Shànghăi rén. : ? Wáng: Tā yĕ shì lăoshī ma? : , Lĭ: Bù, tā shì lǜshī. New Words and Expressions 1. hăoxiàng seem; be like 2. ba a modal particle used at the end of a sentence 12
  13. 13. 3. duì yes, right, correct 4. shénme what 5. dìfang place 6. àiren husband or wife 7. lǜshī lawyer Proper Nouns 1. Bĕijīng name of the capital of China 2. Shànghăi name of a city in China Grammar and Notes 1. Personal pronouns used as attributive modifiers and the structural particle “de”. “De” should be used after a personal pronoun when the structure expresses possession. For example: Tā de Zhōngwén míngzi If the noun attributively modified expresses kinship, “de” can be omitted after the personal pronoun. For example: 13
  14. 14. tā àiren wǒ bàba Exercises 1. Substitution drills: A. Nĭ shì shénme dìfang rén? B. Wŏ shì Bĕijīng rén. Shànghăi Tiānjīn Xiānggăng (HongKong) Táiwān 2. Answer the following questions: 1 Lĭ lăoshī shì shénme dìfang rén? 2 Nĭ de lăoshī shì shénme dìfang rén? 3. Ask the participants in other classes where they come from with the sentences you learned in this unit. 14
  15. 15. Daily Expressions wǎn ān Good night. Greetings Goodbye. zài jiàn See you tomorrow. Thanks. míngtiān jiàn You are welcome. xièxie bú kèqi 15
  16. 16. Unit Four Key Sentences Nà wèi wàiguó xiăojiě shì shu ? Who is that foreign girl? Tā shì nă guó rén? Which country is she from? Tā jiào shénme míngzi? What’s her name? Dialogues (A foreign student is coming close.) : ? Wáng: Nà wèi wàiguó xiăojiě shì ? shu ? Shì nín de xuésheng ba? : , Lĭ: Shì, tā shì liúxuéshēng. : ? Wáng: Tā shì nă guó rén? : Lĭ: Tā shì Yìdàlì rén. : ? ? Wáng:Tā xìng shénme? Jiào shénme míngzi? : , Lĭ: Tā xìng Bái, jiào Bái Lìyà. : ? Wáng: Zhè shì tā de Zhōngwén míngzi ba? : Lĭ: Duì . 16
  17. 17. New Words and Expressions 1. nà / nèi that 2. wèi a measure word for person 3. wàiguó foreign country 4. xiăojiĕ miss 5. shuí/shéi who; whom 6. de a structural particle of possession 7. nă which 8. guó country 9. xìng surname 10. zhè / zhèi this 11. Zhōngwén Chinese language …… wén written words or language 12. míngzi given name; full name Proper Nouns 1. Yìdàlì Italy 2. Bái a Chinese surname 3. Bái Lìyà name of a person 17
  18. 18. Grammar and Notes It is used at the end of the interrogative sentences to indicate 1. that the speaker has an estimate of something but is not very certain. The tone is mild. Exercises 1. Substitution drills: A:Nà wèi xiăojiĕ shì shéi? 1 Nà wèi xiānsheng Zhè wèi xiăojiĕ Zhè wèi xiānsheng B: Tā shì wŏ de xuésheng. Tā lăoshī Tā mìshū Tā lǜshī A:Nĭ shì nă guó rén? 2 B:Wŏ shì Zhōngguó rén. Yīngguó 18
  19. 19. Făguó Déguó Yìdàlì 3 Zhè shì wŏ de Zhōngwén míngzi. Yīngwén Făwén Déwén Yìdàlìwén 2. Answer the following questions: 1 Nà wèi wàiguó xiăojiĕ shì nă guó liúxuéshēng? 2 Tā de Zhōngwén míngzi shì shénme? 3 Nĭ shì nă guó liúxuéshēng? 4 Nĭ de Zhōngwén míngzi shì shénme? 3. Complete the following dialogues: A: Nĭ xìng shénme? 1) B:___________________ A:____________________? 2) B: Wŏ jiào Wáng Píng. 19
  20. 20. A: Nĭ shì nă guó rén? 3) B: ____________________ A: Nĭ shì xuésheng ba? 4) B: __________________ A: Zhè shì shéi de míngpiàn? 5) B: _____________________ A: Xièxie! 6) B: ___________ 4. Ask questions using“ shéi” , “ shénme” , “ nă ”, “ shéide”, “ shénme dìfang” based on the following sentences: 1) Tā shì Lĭ xiānsheng . 2) Wŏ xìng Wáng, wŏ jiào Wáng Píng. 3) Nà wèi wàiguó xiăojiě shì mìshū. 4) Wŏ àiren shì Bĕijīng rén. 5) Wŏ de lăobăn shì Făguó rén. 20
  21. 21. Daily Expressions Nín guìxìng Introduction What’s your family name What’s your name? Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi Let me give an introduction. Nice to meet you. Wǒ lái jièshào yí xiàr Hěn gāoxìng rènshi nǐ 21
  22. 22. Additional New words and Expressions 1. Zhōngguó China 2. Déguó Germany 3. Luómǎníyà Romania 4. Àodìlì Austria 5. Bōlán Poland 6. Bĭlìshí Belgium 7. Yīngguó Britain 8. Făguó France 9. Jiékè Czech Republic 10. Hélán Netherlands 11. Pútáoyá Portugal 12. Xībānyá Spain 13. Bǎojiālìyà Bulgaria 14. Yìdàlì Italy 22
  23. 23. Unit Five Dialogues Jack and Anne are new students. They meet Lĭ Huá and Wáng Píng for the first time at the university. : Jiékè: Nĭ hăo! Wŏ jiào Jiékè, wŏ shì Yīngguó rén. Wŏ shì liúxuésheng. Nĭ ne? : Ānní: Shì, Wŏ yĕ shì. Wŏde míngzi jiào Ānní, wŏ cóng Făguó lái. : Jiékè: Nà wèi nǚshì shì shéi? Ānní: Tā shì wŏmen de Zhōngwén lăoshī, : tā xìng Lĭ. Lĭ lăoshī shì Bĕijīng rén. Tā àiren shì yí wèi lǜshī. : Jiékè: Nín hăo! Lĭ lăoshī. : Lĭ Huá: Nĭmen hăo! Nĭmen dōu shì Făguó ? xuésheng ma? : Ānní: Bù, tā cóng Yīngguó lái. Tā jiào Jiékè. 23
  24. 24. : Jiékè: Zhè wèi xiānsheng yĕ shì lăoshī ba? Lĭ Huá: Bù tā bú shì lăoshī, tā shì : gōngchéngshī. Ānní: Tā yĕ shì Bĕijīng rén ma? : Lĭ Huá: Bù tā cóng Shànghăi lái. : New Words and Expressions cóng from 1. lái come 2. cóng…lái come from Exercises 1. Make sentences by rearranging the given words: (1) ma nĭ yĕ gōngchéngshī shì (2) Wáng bù xiānsheng Yīngguó shì rén 24
  25. 25. (3) yĕ shì dōu lǎoshī bú wŏmen (4) rén nă nĭmen guó shì (5) Zhōngwén zhè míngzi shì tā shénme de (6) cóng wŏmen lái Shànghăi de lăoshī 2. Change the following sentences into questions with “ or affirmative-negative questions: Example: Wŏ shì xuésheng . Nĭ shì xuésheng ma? Nĭ shì bu shì xuésheng? (1) Tā shì Wáng xiānsheng. (2) Xiăo Lĭ shì gōngchéngshī. 25
  26. 26. (3) Wŏmen dōu shì jīnglĭ. (4) Tā yĕ shì Zhōngguó rén. (5) Tāmen yĕ dōu shì liúxuéshēng . 3. Perform the following dialogue A: Qĭng wèn, nĭ shì liúxuéshēng ma? B: Wŏ bú shì liúxuéshēng, wŏ shì lăoshī. A: Duì bu qĭ. B: Méi guānxi. 3. Make a speech following the example given : Wŏ jiào Jiékè, wŏ shì Yīngguó rén, wŏ shì liúxuéshēng. Ānní yĕ shì liúxuéshēng, tā bú shì Yīngguó rén, tā shì Făguó rén. 26
  27. 27. 4. Practise the sentences you learned in this module with the participants in other classes. 5. Please ask your teachers and teachers in other classes their names and hometowns in Chinese. Daily Expressions Wǒ néng jìn lái ma A: May I come in? Qǐng jìn. B: Come in, please. Expressions Qǐng zuò. Sit down, please. In Class Shàngkè le. It’s time for class. Dǎ kāi shū dì liù yè. Open your books and turn to page Nín néng zài shuō y biàn ma? Could you say it again? www.euchinastf.eu www.stfpchina.ning.com 27

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